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Rai Bhular Bhatti or Rai (death ca. 1515) was a Muslim noble of the Bhatti clan during the latter half of the fifteenth century. Bhatti clan is the one who created the city of Bhatinda. They actively fought against Ghori along with Prithviraj Chauhan, the king of India, but Converted to Islam after his defeat. Rai Bular Bhatti was the chief of Rai Bhoe di Talvandi (Rai Bhoe's Talvandi), the village where Guru Nanak was born in 1469. Rai Bhoe's daughter was married to Daulat Khan Lodi, the Governor of the Punjab. Rai Bhoe rebuilt Talwandi, earlier known as Raipur. This city, which is situated about forty two miles west of Lahore and eighteen miles south of the river Ravi, later became known as Nankana Sahib. After Rai Bhoe's death, his only son Rai Bular inherited his estate consisting of approx. 20,000 Acres of Agriculture Land surrounding the River Ravi.

Rai Bhular Bhatti is mentioned in several stories in the Janamsakhis, Sikh religious texts. According to the Janamsakhis, Rai Bular perceived the Divine in Guru Nanak and became his 2nd devotee, the Guru's sister being his first. One story relates that young Nanak was arraigned before Rai Bhular for allowing the cattle he was tending to damage a farmer's crop. The Rai sent for Baba Kalu, the Guru's father, and directed him to compensate the farmer for the damage. But footmen sent to estimate the loss reported that they could find no damage. Rai Bular was as much surprised as the complainant himself, who insisted that he had seen with his own eyes the whole crop ruined and the buffaloes sitting amidst it after they had heartily gorged themselves on it.

On another occasion, Guru Nanak, while out with his herd, lay down to rest under a tree in the summer afternoon and fell asleep. After a while, Rai Bular along with his servants happened to pass by. He was surprised to see a strange phenomenon. The shadows of other trees had traveled round with the sun, but not of the tree under which Nanak slept.

Returning to the town, the Rai called Kalu and said to him, "Your son is a great man. He is the honour of my town. Kalu, thou hast become exalted and I too am exalted in whose town such a one has been born." Guru Nanak reciprocated the honour and affection extended to him by Rai Bular and never failed in between his long travels to visit him, who always felt blessed to see him. When he lay dying, Guru Nanak was by his bedside.

See also

Sikhism

References

  • McLeod, W.H., tr.. The B40 Janam-Sakhi. AMRITSAR, 1980
  • Kohli, Surindar SINGH, ed., Janamsdkhz Bhai Bald. Chandigarh, 1972
  • Vir Singh, Bhai, ed., Puratan Janamsakhi. Amritsar, 1971
  • Gian Singh, Giani, PANTH Prakdsh. Delhi, 1880
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