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Raigad district
रायगड जिल्हा
MaharashtraRaigad.png
Location of Raigad district in Maharashtra
State Maharashtra,  India
Administrative division Konkan Division
Headquarters Alibag
Area 7,148 km2 (2,760 sq mi)
Population 22,07,929 (2001)
Population density 308.89 /km2 (800/sq mi)
Urban population 24.2%
Literacy 60.4%
Sex ratio 976
Tehsils 1. Alibag, 2. Pen, 3. Murud, 4. Panvel, 5. Uran, 6. Karjat, 7. Khalapur, 8. Mangaon, 9. Roha, 10. Sudhagadh, 11. Tala, 12. Mahad, 13. Mhasala, 14. Shrivardhan, 15. Poladpur
Lok Sabha Constituencies 1. Maval (shared with Pune district), 2. Raigad (shared with Ratnagiri district) (Based on Election Commission website)
Major highways NH-4, NH-17
Average annual precipitation 3,884 mm
Official website

Raigad District (Marathi: रायगड जिल्हा), also known as Raigarh District, is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located in the Konkan region. The district was renamed after Raigad, the fort and former capital of the Maratha leader Shivaji, which is located in the interior forests of the district, on a west-facing spur of the Western Ghats or Sahyadri range. The district had a population of 2,207,929 of which 24.22% were urban as of 2001.[1]

The district is bounded by Mumbai Harbour to the northwest, Thane District to the north, Pune District to the east, Ratnagiri district to the south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. It includes the large natural harbor of Pen-Mandwa, which is immediately south of Mumbai harbour, and forming a single landform with it. Part of the district is included in the planned metropolis of Navi Mumbai, and its port, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port.

The district includes Kashid and Kihim beaches, besides the towns of Khopoli, Khalapur, Uran, Patalganga, Rasayani, Nagothana, Pen. The largest cities include Panvel, Alibag, Karjat and Mahad. The biggest city both in area and population is Panvel. The district also includes the isle of Gharapuri or Elephanta, located in Uran tehasil which has ancient Hindu and Buddhist caves.

Contents

History

Kolaba district was split from Thane district in 1869. According to the 1872 census Kolaba district had a population of just over 3,50,000 people, with 94% of the population being Hindus, and most of the remaining population being Muslims.[2] In 1881 the population was about 382,000 with 95% of the population being Hindus.

However at this point the northernmost parts of modern Raigad district were retained in Thane district. Panvel, just across the bay from Mumbai was not put in Kolaba district until 1883, and Karjat, an area in the north-east corner of modern Raigad was not placed in Kolaba until 1891.

Demographics

Several scheduled tribes live in Raigad district. Among these are the Mahadev, Koli, Katkari and Thakur.[3]

Transport

Raigad District is connected to Mumbai by Sion-Panvel Highway. The Mumbai-Pune expressway as also NH4 passes through Panvel. NH 17 also terminates here. The Konkan Railway line passes through Panvel, Roha, Mangaon and Veer. The main ports are JNPT, Mandava, Reavas, Murud and Shrivardhan.

University

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University is a unitary, autonomous university located at Lonere in Raigad district, Maharashtra, India. Established in 1989 under the 'Government of Maharashtra Act 1983'.[4][5]

References

External links

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Raigad District (Marathi: रायगड जिल्हा), also known as Raigarh District, is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located in the Konkan region. The district was renamed after Raigad, the fort and former capital of the Maratha leader Shivaji, which is located in the interior forests of the district, on a west-facing spur of the Western Ghats or Sahyadri range. The district had a population of 2,207,929 of which 24.22% were urban as of 2001. [1]

The district is bounded by Mumbai Harbour to the northwest, Thane District to the north, Pune District to the east, Ratnagiri District to the south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. It includes the large natural harbor of Pen-Mandwa, which is immediately south of Mumbai Harbour, and forming a single landform with it. Part of the district is included in the planned metropolis of Navi Mumbai, and its port, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port.

The district includes Kashid and Kihim beaches, besides the towns of Karjat. Mahad, Panvel Khopoli, Khalapur, New Panvel, Navi Mumbai, Uran, Patalganga, Rasayani, Nagothane, Alibag, Pen

The district also includes the isle of Gharapuri or Elephanta, located in Uran Tehasil which has ancient Hindu and Buddhist caves.

History

The district was called Kolaba or Kulaba during British rule, a name that is derived from it ancient form, and which means the "Land of the Koli". The Koli are a fisherman community.

The district was called Kulaba OR Kolaba during and also after the British Raj ended. It was only during late 1970's that it was renamed Raigad, after a fort with same name & situated in the southern part of the district near Mahad. The fort of Raigad was the capital of Chhatrapati Shivaji, the founder of Hindavi Swaraj.

Alibag a costal town (quite big now) was its headquarter when it was Kulaba & also when it has become Raigad.

The fort of Murud was being built by minor Koli chieftains as part of their defense against piracy when, by a stratagem, Siddis (African Muslims from Somalia), slaves and employees of the Bahamani Sultanate, seized it and made it their headquarters.

The tiny Muslim state of Murud-Janjira withstood attempts by many local powers, such as the Portuguese, English, Marathas, etc. to seize it but was never conquered. It allied at different times with different powers, often with the Mughal Empire and thrived off piracy. The Siddis even attempted to seize Mumbai from England, and actually succeeded in overwhelming the English force but were driven out by a militia organized by a Parsi settler from among the natives who had immigrated from Surat. Finally, it entered the system of subsidiary alliance with Britain, becoming a princely state of British India, in which condition it remained until 1947, when it acceded to newly-independent India.

External Links

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Raigad district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Raigad districtRDF feed

This article uses material from the "Raigad district" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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