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Raimundo Andueza

In office
19 March 1890 – 17 June 1892
Preceded by Juan Pablo Rojas
Succeeded by Guillermo Tell Villegas

126th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela
In office
23 October 1899 – 30 July 1900
President Cipriano Castro
Preceded by Manuel Clemente Urbaneja
Succeeded by Eduardo Blanco

Born 6 February 1846(1846-02-06)
Guanare, Portuguesa, Venezuela
Died 17 August 1900 (aged 54)
Caracas, Venezuela
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Isabel González Esteves
Religion Roman Catholic

Raimundo Ignacio Andueza Palacio (1846-1900), was President of Venezuela (1890-1892), and member of the Liberal Party.

Early life and career

This lawyer, military man, politician and President of the Republic was born in Guanare, Portuguesa state, 6 February 1846. Son of Raimundo Andueza and Carolina Palacio. In 1861, he graduated as bachelor in Philosophical Sciences in the school of Guanare. He was secretary to president Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in 1866. He studied law in the Central University of Venezuela. In 1874, he was lawyer of the Supreme Court of the Federal District and later doctor in jurisprudence. Between the years 1873 and in 1876 he worked as a deputy for the National Congress by Aragua state. Also, he was President of Congress (1876) and minister of Foreign Affairs (1877). Once, he was in charge of the Executive during the absence of the president Francisco Linares Alcántara; he was also senator for Portuguesa state, Minister of Property and candidate to the Presidency of the Republic for the period 1879-1881.

During the Revolución Reivindicadora Andueza was in exile. For 1879, he became a part of the Council of Administration. In addition he was senator in Congress during 1880, and from 1886 to 1889. Later, he worked as a federal advisor for Zamora state, and member of the Federal Council for the same state. He was chosen president of the Republic on 7 March 1890. According to the effective Constitution of the time, his period culminated on 20 February 1892. Nevertheless, Andueza planned a constitutional reform to prolong his permanence in power for two more years. This strategy caused the sprouting of the Revolución Legalista headed by Joaquín Crespo; in light of this situation, Andueza decided to exile himself from the country for six years. When Joaquín Crespo died, on April, 1898, Andueza returned in order to conform the first cabinet of Cipriano Castro as a Minister of Foreign Relations. He was mason in the 33rd degree, as well as chancellor of the Supreme Council of Masonry for 3 years from (1885 to 1888). He died in Caracas, 17 August 1900.

See also




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