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Rajahmundry
Rajahmundry
Location of Rajahmundry
in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates 16°59′N 81°47′E / 16.98°N 81.78°E / 16.98; 81.78
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) East Godavari
Population
Density
813,347 (2009)
17,288 /km2 (44,776 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
[[1_E+km2_m²|100 km2]] (39 sq mi)
14 m (46 ft)
Website www.rajahmundry.net

Rajahmundry (Telugu: రాజమండ్రి) is a city and a municipal corporation in the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh state in India. Located on the banks of the River Godavari, it is the Fifth Largest City in Andhra Pradesh. It is known as the Cultural Capital of Andhra Pradesh since it has a rich cultural past with a flourishing present and a promising future. It was a part of the Madras Province before Indian Independence. The city population is 813,347 and the UA population is 968,341 (as per 2009 suvey).

Contents

History

Its original name being Rajamahendri or Rajamahendravaram, it was the second capital of many known Kannada Kingdoms. The Chalukya ruler Rajaraja Narendra ruled this city around 1022. The town has traces of 11th century fine palaces and fort walls. However, new archeological evidence suggests that the town may have existed far before the Chalukyas.[1] The original name underwent a gradual metamorphosis with the name changed to Rajahmundry during the British rule.

It is the birth place of the Telugu language. It was here that Telugu was given grammar and a script by the poet Nannayya, without which it could not have been termed as a language.

Nannayya, the poet laureate also called 'Adi Kavi' (The first Poet) of Telugu belonged to this place.[1] He, along with Tikkana and Yerrana, was responsible for the translation of Jaya, the Sanskrit version of Mahabharata, into Telugu. Kandukuri Veeresalingam, who was a social reformer and also the author of Rajashekhara Charithra, the first Telugu novel, was also from Rajahmundry. Shri Avasarala Rama Rao, a founding member of the Jana Sangh and leading lawyer in the 60s, was from Rajahmundry.[citation needed]

The town was one of the biggest cities in South India up to the 19th century. It was the centre of revolutions in Andhra Pradesh during the British rule. Many of the major leaders before independence made this city a base for their activities.[citation needed]

Geography

Rajahmundry is located at 16°59′N 81°47′E / 16.98°N 81.78°E / 16.98; 81.78.[2] with an average elevation of 14 metres (45 feet). There is a lot of paddy and sugarcane cultivation in the area. River Godavari flows through the west of Rajahmundy. Rajahmundry has a tropical climate and therefore does not experience distinct seasons. The mean maximum temperature is 36 °C. The hottest season is from April to June, and the temperature ranges between 34 °C to 48 °C. The coolest months are December and January, and the maximum temperature ranges from 27 °C to 30°C in this season. The highest temperature recorded in the area was 51 °C in May, 2007.[3]

The Rajahmundry traps which are part of the Deccan Traps are located on the Godavari river, on its west side banks, adjacent to Rajahmundry.[3] These traps made the area interesting to geologists.

The distances from Rajahmundry to the major pilgrim places and other major cities

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[4], Rajahmundry had a population of 653,987 with males and females sharing the population almost equally. Rajahmundry has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy being 74%, and female literacy 66%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Climate

The climate is mostly hot and humid. The temperature ranges between 42-50°C during the months of May, June in summer. There is a lot of rain due to the monsoon and cyclonic storms in the Bay of Bengal. The months of November, December and January are comparatively pleasant with temperatures of 18-32°C.

Attractions

The biggest attraction in Rajahmundry is the river Godavari. The three bridges over the river, are the most attractive and lengthy bridges found in Andhra Pradesh. There are many beautiful ghats and parks on the river banks. Sir Arthur Cotton had great plans for Rajahmundry, he decided to build a anicut (dam) in Dowlaiswaram due to its proximity to a hill that suited his purpose. The dam consisted of four divisions: Dowlaiswaram Division, Ryali Branch Division, Madduru division and Vijjeswaram division. This was in all 900 yards (800 m) long and 9 feet (3 m) high. Asia's largest rail-cum-road bridge on the river Godavari linking Kovvur and Rajahmundry is considered to be an engineering feat. The First Godavari Rail Bridge was built in the year 1897, under the supervision of Er. Walton, a British Engineer, across the River Godavari connecting East Godavari with West Godavari. Stretching for three kilometres, constructed with stone masonry and steel girders, this bridge served the trains plying between Madras (Chennai) and Howrah. With increased traffic in the freight and passenger sectors, a rail-cum-road bridge was built a quarter century ago across the downstream of the river. A third railway bridge was built recently as the bridge built in 1897 was found not suitable for railway traffic. The Dhowleswaram bridge across the Godavari is seven kilometres south of Rajahmundry. Rallabandi SubbaRao museum has a collection of artifacts including coins, sculpture, pottery, inscriptions and palm-leaf manuscripts.

It is also one of the Hindu pilgrimage sites. There are a number of temples here like the Kotilingalu (10 million Sivalingas) temple on the bank of the river Godavari. The city hosts holy congregations called the Pushkaram[1] that takes place only once in every 12 years, which brings together millions of people from all over the country to take a holy dip in the river. The festival lasts for 12 days and people offer prayers and make offerings to their departed family members. It was celebrated last on August 2003. It was estimated that about 3.4 crores people took a holy dip here in Rajahmundry. In the time of Pushkaram, it is believed that if you take a holy dip you will get rid of all your sins and get blessing from God.

A huge Krishna temple has been constructed by the ISKCON foundation on the banks of Godavari. Popularly called as Gowthami Ghat, it is a major attraction for young people as a recreational center.

Papi kondalu and its surroundings located near Rajahmundry is a visual treat to the spectators because of its beautiful waterfalls at Perantala Palli. A boat cruise on the river Godavari to Papikondalu is a major attraction of this city. Another spot is Pattiseema. Pattiseema is known for its natural beauty. Much Tollywood (Telugu Film Industry) movie filming is done here. Pedapatnam Lanka is another beautiful place. It is called Konaseema because it is lush with greenery. Many sites in Konaseema are rich sources of oil and natural gas.[citation needed]

A very famous SWEET in coastal Andhra Pradesh, Pootareku is made in Atreyapuram, a village near Rajahmundry.

Rajahmundry is also known for rare breed of Pulasa Fish, which is available only once in a year that is during Monsoon season.

Notable Personalities

  • Aadi Kavi "Nannayya"

Rajahmundry is also a place for great poets.

  • Sri Kandukuri Veeresalingam (1848-1919), a renowned social reformer, is widely considered as the man who first brought about a renaissance in the Telugu people and Telugu literature. He worked for the upliftment of women.
  • Gorantla Butchiah Chowdary, POLITICIAN 4 Times MLA.man behind rajahmnudry development and successfull conduction of 2003 pushkaram.
  • Vundavalli Aruna Kumar, Member of Parliament
  • Jaya Prada, actress and Member of Parliament
  • Raja Babu, comedian
  • Ali (actor), comedian
  • Shivaji (Radio Jockey), Red FM
  • Sameera Reddy, Bollywood actress
  • Dr. P.Venugopal, Former director, AIIMS. Performed first ever successful hear trasplant surgery in India [5]
  • Tanguturi Surya Kumari, Actor[6], classical singer and dancer, First Miss-Madras[7], and evangelist of yoga and Indian dance in US[8]
  • Nyayapati Subbarao Pantulu, Founder of The Hindu - India's National Newspaper[9], Founder of Hindu Samajam[10], First president of Andhra Congress Council[11], First chairman of Rajahmundry Municipality[12], served four terms as AICC general secretary[13], first secretary of Hitakarini Samajam founded by Kandukuri Veeresalingam[14]

Hospitals

The District HQ Hospital of EG Dt is located in Rajahmundry. Over the last 3 decades, the number of hospitals and practicing doctors has gone up by leaps and bounds. Due to its strategic location, Rajahmundry is accessible to both districts of Godavari, Khammam Dt, parts of Visakha and Krishna Dts and to parts of Chattisgarh and Orissa state. Krishna Polyclinic is the first Polyclinic in the State established by Dr G Gopalakrishna MS and late Dr G Vimalamma.

GSL Medical College and Hospital located 15km from Rajahmundry at Rajanagaram in a large area with is an established Teaching Hospital. The infrastructure of this hospital is good and the faculty is composed of great personalities from the field of Medicine. The hospital has latest MRI machine, Cath lab, facilities for Heart surgery and all modern state-of-the-art equipment.

Clothing and Gold Businesses

People from different places come here to purchase clothes. In and around Rajahmundry, there are many cooperative handloom houses where one can get fine quality of Sarees with different designs and borders, suiting and shirting in large varieties of cloths from cotton to silk. In fact Rajahmundry is the second biggest cloth market in India, next only to Mumbai. Of all the cloth makers around Rajahmundry, the Bandarulanka production unit is famous for sarees, with Gold/Silver border and hand woven.

Industrial Development

Besides natural beauty, Rajahmundry has equipoise development of Industrial sector. Rajahmundry also hosts a few corporates and multinationals as part of its industrial development, such as ITC Limited, ILTD Division[15], GlaxoSmithKline[16], Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills[17], Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Gas Authority of India Ltd (GAIL) etc. Rajahmundry is the head-quarters of ONGC's Krishna Godavari basin and which is now regarded as crux of ONGC's operations.

Educational Institutions

Throughout history, Rajahmundry has been a well crafted city with educational jewels (Institutions) from the rule of Rajaraja Narendra to its glorious present. Recollect the song from the movie, "Andhra Kesari" which says "Vedamla Ghoshinche Godavari, Amara Dhamamla Bhasille Rajahmahendri". The Government Arts College, now called Government College (Autonomous)in Rajahmundry was founded more than 150 years ago and NAAC accredited (A). Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, former President of India worked at this college. The Institutes founded by the great reformer Kandukuri Veeresalingam Panthulu have now grown into large colleges and organisations. SKR Women's college is famous for its campus and teaching facilities. The B.Ed Training Institute is one of the oldest in India. St.Ann's (EM) School, Bala Vigjana Mandir (B.V.M.), Sri Sadguru Vidyalayam, Sri Satya Sai Gurukulam, Model High School etc. being among the better known schools.

The city has best Engineering Colleges GIET (Godavari Institute of Engineering and Technology), CIET (Chaitanya Institute of Engineering and Technology) are 2 colleges in Chaitanya Group. Shri 'Chaitanya' Satyanarayana Raju is the Founder Chairman of Chaitanya Group of Educational Institutions in Rajahmundry. Medical College (GSL Medical College), RIT (Rajmahendri Institute of Engineering and Technology), MNR Engineering College, Prakash's Pragathi Engineering College, two law colleges, a dental college and a number of degree colleges. An MBA college and an MCA college have also commenced from the academic year 2008. Sri Gurrala Satyendra Krishna Memorial Law College is the only private law college in the state accredited by NAAC.[18] The Central Tobacco Research Institute [19] headquarters is situated in Rajahmundry. Regional Filaria Training and Research Centres [20] is also located in Rajahmundry.

Adikavi Nannaya University, established in March 2006 through the Government of Andhra Pradesh Act No. 28 of 2006 at Rajahmundry, is a unique addition to the existing Universities in India. Named after Adikavi of Telugu literature Nannayabhatta, the eleventh century poet laureate who initiated a freeway authentic translation of the great epic Mahabharata from Sanskrit to Telugu, the University aims to combine the pristine glory and the contemporary demands of educational excellence. This university started classes temporarily at arts college and expected have own university buildings in Velugubanda area. Land acquisition of 300 acres is under progress.

Transportation

  • Rajahmundry is well connected to all parts of the state. NH-5 passes by this place. With one national highway and two state highways, it has excellent road connectivity to all important places like Annavaram, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur and Lunckow. It is a main city for both the Godavari districts.
  • The city is also well connected by the railway network. Rajahmundry has one of the biggest railway station in Andhra Pradesh and is one of the top revenue generator for South Central Railways. All trains along the Howrah-Chennai route stop here. It is also connected by a number of trains from Hyderabad, the state capital.
  • Rajahmundry is accessible by air through flights from Bangalore and Hyderabad. These 2 cities are connected by flights operated by Kingfisher Red. The airport is situated near Madhurapudi which is 10 km away from the heart of the city. The government has recently sanctioned an amount of rupees 200 crores for the installation of night landing facilities and construction of a new terminal building at the Rajahmundry airport.
  • The recent tourism developments by the government has made excellent platform for Rajahmundry to boast itself as water-way transport hub. Though currently the water way transport caters for select few purposes like pilgrimage, tourism etc., the government has huge plans for the future.

References

  1. ^ a b "1000+ Years History (Since 919A.D)". History of Rajahmundry. Rajahmundry.net. http://www.rajahmundry.net/history.aspx. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rajahmundry
  3. ^ a b "Climate". Climate of Rajahmundry. Rajahmundry.net. http://www.rajahmundry.net/climate.aspx. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7827600?dopt=Abstract
  6. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0839764/
  7. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/fr/2008/07/04/stories/2008070450190300.htm
  8. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2005/may/18/guardianobituaries.artsobituaries
  9. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2010/01/13/stories/2010011362112000.htm
  10. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2010/01/13/stories/2010011362112000.htm
  11. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2010/01/13/stories/2010011362112000.htm
  12. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2010/01/13/stories/2010011362112000.htm
  13. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2010/01/13/stories/2010011362112000.htm
  14. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2010/01/13/stories/2010011362112000.htm
  15. ^ ITC Ltd
  16. ^ Glaxo Smith Kline
  17. ^ Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills Ltd
  18. ^ http://sgskmlawcollege.tripod.com
  19. ^ CTRI Central Tobacco Research Institute
  20. ^ Regional Filaria Training and Research Centre

External links

Picture Gallery


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Rajahmundry is a city in Andhra Pradesh, Southern India.

Understand

Rajahmundry is the cultural capital of Andhra Pradesh. Founded in the 11th century by Raja Raja Narendra, the city is the birthplace of Nannayya, the Adikavi of Telugu literature.

Get in

By plane

One can travel from Hyderabad, Vijayawada and Chennai and soon from Kolkata by plane. The Air Deccan Airlines runs planes daily from Hyderabad and Chennai.

By train

The city is on Howrah-Chennai Main coastal railway track. It is 3.5 hrs journey from Visakhapatnam which is well connected by Air traffic. It is 150KM from Vijayawada and from Visakhapatnam 220KM distance.

By car

Located on NH5, the city is on the east portion of the Golden Quadrilateral connecting Kolkata and Chennai.

By bus

Rajahmundry has 4 bus stations. The main APSRTC Bus complex is located on the Morampudi High road. The Kotipalli bus stand is in Innispet, Gokavaram bus stand is in Aryapuram, and the Kakinada bus stand is near Kambalcheruvu. The town is well connected to all cities and nearby villages.

By boat

There is no way to visit Rajahmundry by boat except from Bhadrachalam through River Godavari.

Get around

There are so many ritual places of visit viz., Draksharama, Kotipalli, Samalkot, Pattiseema the famous Siva temples. One temple at Ryali is having a idol with both god and goddess in a sigle idol called Jaganmohini Avataram.

And many more places to visit in & around like.. Maredumilli, Dowleswaram, Temples.. Annavaram,Dvaraka Tirumala. And Water Park, Gowthamighat, ISCKON Temple, Pushkar Ghat, Everbusy RJY Main Market.. etc

See

Rajahmundry is the cultural capital of Andhra Pradesh. The first poet in the Telugu Literature called Nannayya hails from this place. Sri Kandukuri Veerasalingam Pantulu who is known as the south indian Raja Rammohan Roy belongs to this place.

  • Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple, Pattiseema, which is picturesquely located on a hill known as Devakuta Parvatha in the middle of the Godavari river. Pattiseema is 120 kms from Eluru. The place held a pleasant surprise for city dwellers. The famous temple of Sri Veerabhadra is picturesquely located on a hillock known as Devakuta Parvatha situated in the middle of the river Godavari. As per mythology, Veerabhadra is born out of the lock of Shiva's hair during his tandava performance on sighting his wife getting burnt in the fire of the yagna being conducted by Daksha, his father-in-law. You have to cross the river on board a crude motorboat to reach the temple.
  • Papi Hills - The Most Popular location, for every visitor of Rajahmundry. Cruise Boat Service from Rajahmundry to famous papikondalu is a must visit giving you a spell binding view of the nature, and a very exciting experience in Godavari River Cruise. Boat Trips from Rajahmundry / Purushottama Patnam would cost your Rs.500/- onwards, by some Professional Operators who can be contacted on 9440082627, 9490942788. Services are provided in A/c Cruise with Veg. & Non. Veg Food and fantastic Night Halt in Bamboo Cottages Huts a KOLLURU ISLAND. A life time experience.

Buy

Rajahmundry is also called Southern Bombay. It is the commercial capital of the two Godavari Districts. The city is famous for textile business as also for it's beautiful ladies, available for a price. Peddapuram town is famous for "tingu-tingu".

Mahatma Gandhi WholeSale Cloth Complex has around 500 wholesale cloth shops catering to the retailers in Godavari, Khammam and Visakha districts. Wide variety of clothes will be available at lesser prices.

Rajahmundry is also famous for variety of furniture manufacturers. Top quality furniture is bought by people from nearby districts. One of the most reputed furniture manufacturers is 'Madireddy Bangaram and Sons' who've been in this field since 1909 and is being currently managed by Mr.Madireddy Narasimha Rao.

  • JK Restaurant- Awesome food
  • sri vijaya durga oilmill.
  • Akshaya Pure Veg Restaurant

Drink

Rose Milk

Kotagummam the commercial area in Rajahmundry you will find a flavored milk called "Rose Milk". This milk is being served here for more than 50 years.

The Rose Milk is available in three flavors: Plain,With Kova and With Semiya

  • Bhadram bajjila bandi (kanchumarti vari street), (near main road), 9866762880. water luring bajjis of different varieties of vegetables like potato, chilli, brinjal, tomato, capsicum and also famous for varities of mixtures(paper, boondi, and pakodi)  edit

Sleep

There are so many good hotels including Star hotels in Rajahmundry for better stay.

  • Anand Regency is a 3 star hotel with comfortable rooms and nice ambience.
  • River bay is the best of the lot, offering a great view of the godavari. the hotels itself comprises of cozy cottages adjoining the godavari. The food is great. The continental part of it good.There is also a water park and a health club. BOTTOM LINE - it's THE classiest one in RJY>
  • Godavari cruise
  • Dindi AP Tourism resort and houseboats
  • Maredumilli forest retreat
  • Annavaram 70km
  • Papikondalu
  • Ryali
  • Dowlaiswaram barrage
  • Cotton museum
  • ONGC base complex
  • Bakes and cakes
  • Goutami Ghat
  • River Bay ( THE Water park there)
  • Movie theaters
  • Anand sweets chat outlet
  • Ryali is located 40 Km from Rajahmundry, 74 Km from Kakinada and 34 Km from Amalapuram and it is situated between the rivers Vashista and Gautami, Tributaries of river Godavari, this is the site of the renowned Jagan Mohini Kesava Swamy temple. The exquisite idol, made of black stone depicting Maha Vishnu and Mohini on its front and rear sides, is a real marvel of sculptural dexterity.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

RAJAHMUNDRY, or Rajamahendri, a town of British India, in the Godavari district of Madras. Pop. (1901) 36,408. It stands on the left bank of the river Godavari, at the head of the delta, 360 m. N. of Madras, and has a station on the East Coast railway, which is here carried across the river by a bridge of 56 spans. The government college is one of the four provincial schools established in 1853. There are also a training college and high school. Carpets, rugs and wooden wares are manufactured.

Tradition divides the merit of founding Rajahmundry between the Orissa and Chalukya princes. In 1470 it was wrested from Orissa by the Mahommedans, but early in the 16th century it was retaken by Krishna Raja. It continued under Hindu rule till 1572, when it yielded to the Moslems of the Deccan under Raf at Khan. It passed into the possession of the French in 1753, but they were driven out by the British under Colonel Forde in 1758.


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