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Rajan-Nagendra
Born Rajan and Nagendrappa
(1933),(1935)
Shivarampet,Mysore,Karnatka
Occupation Music Director,Singer

Rajan and Nagendra(kannada ರಾಜನ್ - ನಾಗೇಂದ್ರ ) were musicians who were prominent composer of film music in Kannada cinema during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.They were brothers born in Shivarampet of Mysore in a middle-class family. Rajan-Nagendra has given hundreds of melodious tunes for 375 films and composed innumerable hits in their career spanning four decades.

Contents

Childhood

Their Father Rajappa was a musician himself, well versed in playing harmonium. He was a playing artiste for the silent movies. But once the talkie movies came along, he was jobless. So he started to earn a living by teaching music at his home. This musical atmosphere had a profound effect on the two young minds, who started accompanying their father. Also,famous musician at that time, Bidaram Krishnappa was their neighbour who influenced the young lads from time to time. Within a short time, each of them attained proficiency in playing a different instrument – Rajan in violin and Nagendra in Jal Tarang.

Early Career

In 1941, Nagendra came to Bengaluru and joined the S.L.N. School in the K.R. Market area but his elder brother stayed back in Mysuru. Outside of school hours, Nagendra also joined Jai Maruti – a school of instrumental music.In the meanwhile, Rajan got an offer to go to Madras. He took his brother along with him and they got an opportunity of learning the music trade under the aegis of H. R. Padmanabha Shastri who was known for producing talkie movies at that time.They also helped Nagendra Rao in scoring music for one of Shastri’s movies.It gave them a lot of exposure to the movie industry.

In 1951, Nagendra returned to Mysuru and completed his matriculation. Then he joined P. Kalinga Rao who at that time was a famous radio artiste. Within no time, Nagendra got an opportunity of singing for the movie ‘Srinivasa Kalyana’ along with Hindustani singer Ameer Bai.

Finally, Rajan-Nagendra became independent music directors when they scored music for the film ‘Sowbhagya Lakshmi’ in 1952. After this, they never looked back for more than four decades.This movie opened their doors of success.

Music Composers

Naa Ninna Mareyalaare, Gandhada Gudi, Eradu Kanasu -- these huge musical hits of the Kannada screen featured the music of Rajan-Nagendra. Their team was exceptionally good at composing cheerful love duets, although they did come up with a couple of sombre numbers like Baadi hoda balliyinda (P B Srinivas, Eradu Kanasu)

Rajan-Nagendra were in the same class as Hindi cinema's popular composing duo Laxmikanth Pyarelal. They had the same flair for composing technically flawless and violin-rich orchestral interludes, and enjoyed an equally long innings in the industry.

B Vittalacharya, maker of magic mythologicals, gave Nagendra a song to sing in Sri Srinivasa Kalyana (1952). The following year, the Rajan-Nagendra made its composing debut with Chanchala Kumari.

Nagendra sang a couple of songs in his five-decade-long career. The most popular was Yaaru yaaru nee yaaru for the comedian Narasimharaju. He also sang Nammoora santheli in the Anant Nag-Lakshmi starrer Gaalimaatu. Somehow his voice was typecast for comic scenes.

Rajan-Nagendra made delightful songs in the Rajkumar-Lakshmi starrer Naa Ninna Mareyalaare and Eradu Kanasu, which starred Dr.Rajkumar, Manjula and Kalpana.

The pair directed music for about 375 films in Tamil, Telugu, Tuluand Sinhalese including 180 in Kannada.

Hombisilu, starring Vishnuvardhan, was another big hit. In the '80s, they made the music for some Telugu films, including Maa Intiyina Katha, Puli Bebbuli and Vayyari Bhamalu Vagalamari Bharathulu. They composed the music for about 35 Telugu films.

By the '90s, the team had got repetitive, and was given to copying the orchestral patterns of its earlier scores. Their tunes and interludes had become predictable.

Rajan-Nagendra also did a series of films starring Anant Nag, notable among them being Benkiya Bale and Chandanada Gombe.

Some unforgettable Rajan-Nagendra numbers:

  • Aakaasha deepavu neenu
  • Aaseya bhaava olavina jeeva
  • Baanallu neene bhuviyallu neene
  • Bandeya baalina belakaagi
  • Beladinglondu hennagi bandanthe kande
  • Beluvalda madilalli bevara hani biddaga
  • Dundu mallige mathaadeya
  • Endendu ninnanu maretu
  • Jeeva veene
  • Kanasalu neene manasalu neene
  • Kangalu vandane helide
  • Kumkumaviruvude hanegaagi
  • Mathu chenna mauna chenna
  • Modalane dinave olide
  • Muthina hanigalu
  • Tam nam tam nam nannee manasu midiyutide
  • Thareyu baanige thaavare neerige
  • Indu enage govinda
  • Naavaduva nudiye Kannada nudi
  • Naa ninna mareyalaare
  • Neera bittu nelada mele
  • Ee bhaavageete ninagaagi haadide

Nagendra's death

Nagendra, who gave Kannada cinema some of its most memorable hits, died in Bowring hospital at Bangalore on November 4th 2000. The man who, with brother Rajan, gave us flowing, rich scores, died a near pauper, with a bank balance of Rs 141 (a little more than three dollars). Their songs get the maximum requests on All India Radio, bringing in more royalties for recording companies than other composers.

Nagendra was admitted to Bowring Hospital for treatment of hernia three months ago. He later developed complications because of his high blood pressure and diabetes. His wife, carrying lunch for him when he was recuperating, couldn't reach the hospital because of the September 28 bundh prompted by Rajkumar's kidnapping. His condition got worse and he suffered a stroke.

For someone who had composed hit music for 335 films, Nagendra was in deep financial distress. He reportedly told his wife that he preferred a general ward, and that she should not seek help from the government. Hai Bangalore, the mass circulation Kannada tabloid, alleged in an article two weeks ago that Rajan had cheated the fiercely self-respecting Nagendra of his share of whatever money they had earned together.

Some composers, playback singers and live band singers who make a living by singing Rajan-Nagendra songs visited him in hospital, but there were no signs that anyone had given him any money.

Nagendra leaves his wife, his mother and a 12-year-old son. When a reporter met her at hospital, she is quoted to have said that Rajan had always handled all the finances and cheated her husband of his fair share.

Partial discography

  • Aapadbaandava (1987)
  • Aaparaajithe (1970)
  • Adda Daari (1968)
  • Annapoorna (1964)
  • Anugraha (1971)
  • Anuraadha (1967)
  • Anuraaga Bandhana (1978)
  • Archana (1982)
  • Arjun (1988)
  • Arjun Abhimanyu (1998)
  • Atma Bandhana (1992)
  • Auto Raja (1980)
  • Avala Hejje (1981)
  • Baa Nanna Preethisu (1992)
  • Baalina Jyothi (1996)
  • Baare Nanna Muddina Raani (1990)
  • Bahaddoor Hennu (1993)
  • Bangaarada Hoovu (1967)
  • Bangaarada Kalasa (1995)
  • Bangaarada Mane (1996)
  • Bayalu Daari (1976)
  • Bayalu Deepa (1998)
  • Bayasade Banda Bhagya (1977)
  • Beesida Bale (1973)
  • Beluvalada Madilaali (1975)
  • Benkiya Bale (1983)
  • Bettada Hoovu (1985)
  • Bettale Seve (1982)
  • Bhagyavantharu (1977)
  • Bhale Huccha (1972)
  • Bhutaayi Makkalu (1994)
  • Bidugadeya Baedi (1985)
  • Biligiriya Banadalli (1980)
  • Boregowda Bangalorige Bandha (1970)
  • Chadurida Chitragulu (1981)
  • Chalisuva Modagalu (1982)
  • Chanchala Kumari (1953)
  • Chandanada Gombe (1979)
  • Chapala Chennigaraya (1990)
  • Choo Bhaana (1997)
  • Cowboy Kulla (1973)
  • Devara Duddu (1977)
  • Devara Gedda Maanava (1967)
  • Devara Gudi (1975)
  • Dharmaatma (1988)
  • Dharmapatni (1973)
  • Dr. Krishna (1989)
  • Eendu Ninnavane (1966)
  • Eradu Kanasu (1974)
  • Gaalimathu (1981)
  • Gagana (1989)
  • Gandada Gudi (1973)
  • Gandanige Takka Hendathi (1991)
  • Gandhada Gudhi 2 (1994)
  • Ganeshana Galate (1995)
  • Ganeshana Maduve (1990)
  • Gayathri Maduve (1983)
  • Giddu Daada (1995)
  • Giribaale (1985)
  • Girikanye (1977)
  • Gowri Ganesha (1991)
  • Guri (1986)
  • Hatamaari Hennu Kilaadi Gandu (1992)
  • Hombisilu (1978)
  • Hrudaya Geethe (1989)
  • Hrudayanjali (1998)
  • Huvondu Beku Ballige (1993)
  • Ibbani Karagithu
  • Inspector Kranti Kumar (1987)
  • Jaga Mecchida Huduga (1993)
  • Jagadeka Veera (1991)
  • Jagat Kilaadi (1998)
  • Jaggu (1983)
  • Jananayaka (1988)
  • Janani Janmabhoomi (1997)
  • Jeevakke Jeeva (1981)
  • Jeevana Chakra (1985)
  • Jeevana Sangharsha (1993)
  • Kaadina Raja (1985)
  • Kalinga Sarpa (1984)
  • Kaliyuga Seethe (1992)
  • Kalla Kulla (1975)
  • Kanneeru (1970)
  • Kanyaa Daana (1954)
  • Karulina Kudi (1995)
  • Karunaamaye (1987)
  • Kempu Surya (1990)
  • Kilaadi Jodi (1978)
  • Kittu-Puttu (1977)
  • Koodi Baalidare Swarga Sukha (1981)
  • Kulla Agent 000 (1972)
  • Kulla-Kulli (1980)
  • Maangalya (1991)
  • Maangalya Bhagya (1976)
  • Maangalya Yoaga (1958)
  • Madhura Sangama (1978)
  • Mahaa Thyaga (1974)
  • Mane Thumbida Hennu (1958)
  • Manege Banda Mahalakshmi (1959)
  • Mangala Muhurta (1964)
  • Manku Thimma (1980)
  • Manthralaya Mahatme (1966)
  • Mantra Shakthi (1975)
  • Marali Goodige (1984)
  • Maralu Sarapali (1979)
  • Maryade Mahalu (1984)
  • Matthe Haadithu Kogile (1990)
  • Mattondu Charithre (1986)
  • Mayor Muttanna (1969)
  • Modada Mareyali (1991)
  • Mooru Janma (1984)
  • Mrugaalaya (1986)
  • Mugiyada Kathe (1976)
  • Muniyana Maadari (1981)
  • Muru Muttugalu (1970)
  • Muthaide Bhagya (1956)
  • Mysuru Jaana (1992)
  • Na Ninna Bidalaare (1979)
  • Na Ninna Mareyalaare (1976)
  • Naagaarjuna (1961)
  • Naanendu Nimmavane (1993)
  • Naaniruvude Ninaagaagi (1979)
  • Naari Munidare Maari (1972)
  • Nagu Naguta Nali (1991)
  • Nammura Raja (1988)
  • Nanna Devaru (1982)
  • Nanna Shatru (1992)
  • Nanobba Kalla (1979)
  • Navajeevana (1964)
  • Nyayave Devaru (1971)
  • Olavu Moodidaaga (1984)
  • Onde Kula Onde Daiva (1971)
  • Onde Raktha (1984)
  • Ondea Guri (1983)
  • Ondu Cinema Kathe (1992)
  • Paathala Mohini (1965)
  • Paavana Ganga (1977)
  • Paraajitha (1982)
  • Parasangada Genddetimma (1978)
  • Pheonix (1978)
  • Point Parimala (1980)
  • Poorna Satya (1994)
  • Pravaasi Mandira (1968)
  • Preethi Maadu Tamashe Nodu (1979)
  • Preethi Vatsalya (1984)
  • Prema Gange (1986)
  • Prema Paasha (1974)
  • Prema Pallavai (1981)
  • Prema Parva (1983)
  • Prema Prema (1999)
  • Prema Saakshi (1984)
  • Prema Sangama (1992)
  • Premaanubandha (1981)
  • Premigala Sawaal (1984)
  • Professor Huchurayya (1974)
  • Putaani Agent 123 (1979)
  • Rajalakshmi (1954)
  • Rama Lakshmana (1980)
  • Rama-Parashurama (1980)
  • Ratnamanjari (1962)
  • Saedina Hakki (1985)
  • Sambhavaami Yuge Yuge (1988)
  • Sathi Sukanya (1967)
  • Seelu Nakshatra (1986)
  • Shabdagalu (1985)
  • Shivanaaga (1992)
  • Shivashankar (1990)
  • Singapuralli Raja Kulla (1978)
  • Sowbhagya Lakshmi (1953)
  • Sri Kannika Parameshwari Katha (1966)
  • Sri Srinivasa Kalyana (1974)
  • State Rowdy (1995)
  • Suprabhatha (1996)
  • Suryaputra (1996)
  • Suryodaya (1993)
  • Swayamvara (1973)
  • Taayiginta Devarilla (1977)
  • Tony (1982)
  • Urvashi Kalyana (1993)
  • Usha (1986)
  • Veera Sankalpa (1964)
  • Vijaya Vaani (1976)
  • Vishakanye (1972)
  • Vishwa Roopa (1986)
  • Yaarigu Haelbedi (1994)
  • Yaarivanu (1984)
  • Yama Kinkara (1995)
  • Yara Hoovu Yara Mudigo (1981)

External links

See also

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