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Rajkot
Rajkot Urban Development Authority Building
Rajkot
Location of Rajkot
in Gujarat and India
Coordinates 22°18′00″N 70°47′00″E / 22.3000°N 70.7833°E / 22.3000; 70.7833
Country  India
Region Saurashtra (region)
State Gujarat
District(s) Rajkot
Rajkot Municipal Corporation 1973
Nearest city Ahmedabad
Mayor Miss Sandhya Vyas
Legislature (seats) Municipality (72)
Parliamentary constituency 1[1]
Assembly constituency 3[2]
Planning Agency 1 (RUDA)
Zone 3 (Central, East & West)[3]
Ward 24[3][4]
Population
Density
1335397 (25) (2008)
12,735 /km2 (32,983 /sq mi)
Literacy 80.6 (2001)%
Official languages Gujarati, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
104.86 km2 (40 sq mi)[3]
134 m (440 ft)
Climate
Precipitation
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter
Semi-Arid (Köppen)
     500 mm (19.7 in)
     26 °C (79 °F)
     43 - 33 °C (76 °F)
     22 - 19 °C (53 °F)
Website Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Rajkot (Gujarati: રાજકોટ, Hindi: राजकोट Rājkot About this sound (listen) ) is the 4th largest city in the state of Gujarat, India. Rajkot is the 28th urban agglomeration in India, with a population more than 1.43 million as on 2008.[5][6] Rajkot is ranked 22nd in The world’s fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020.[7]

Rajkot is a city of Gujarat state in India and administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, located on the banks of the Aji River and Niari River. Rajkot was the capital of the then Saurashtra state from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956 before merging in bilingual Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was merged into Gujarat State from bilingual Bombay state on May 1, 1960.

Contents

History

Rajkot has been under many different rulers since it was founded. Rajkot has a long history and played a significant part in Indian independence movement.

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Foundation

Rajkot was founded by Thakur Saheb Vibhaji Ajoji Jadeja of the Jadeja clan and Sunni muslim Raju Sandhi in 1612 AD, in the middle of Saurashtra. Vibhaji Ajoji was the grandson of Jam Sataji of Nawanagar, the present day Jamnagar. Rajkot was named in honour of its co-founder, Sunni muslim Raju Sandhi.

Nawab Rule

Masum Khan, a deputy Faujdar of Junagadh's Nawab, conquered Rajkot in the year 1720 AD. and changed the name of Rajkot to Masumabad. In 1722 AD, fortress were built with about 4 to 5 kilometers perimeter and had walls that were 8 feet (2.4 m) wide. There were eight gates, each studded with iron spikes on its outer side, for access to Masumabad: Kotharia Naka, Nava Naka, Raiya Naka, Bedi Naka, Bhichari Naka, Sardhar Naka and Pal no Darwajo. Further, there was a gate without spikes called Khadaki Naka near Nakalank Temple. The ruins of the fort wall can be seen in the bastion in the Ramnath para area. Gates of Bedi Naka and Raiya Naka were modified during the colonial times. The chief Engineer of British Agency, Sir Robert Bell Booth, renovated Bedi gate and Raiya Naka gate and built the present three storied clock towers in 1892. dinesh tilva

Jadeja rule

Flag of Rajkot Principality until 1948

Masumabad was later conquered by the Jadeja clan and its name restored to Rajkot. Bavajiraj Jadeja built Darbargadh, the first palace of this princely state. Bavajiraj was succeeded by his son, Sir Lakhajiraj Jadeja, the most prominent ruler amongst the Jadeja rulers to that time, who constructed Lalpari and Randarda lakes. Dharmendrasinhji Jadeja, succeeded his father, Sir Lakhajiraj, but died while hunting of Lion in Sasan Gir and was succeeded by his brother Pradyumansinhji Jadeja, Sir Lakhajiraj Jadeja's second son. Rajkot was merged into Republic of India during Pradumansinh Jadeja's reign.

British rule

Gandhi fasting at Rajkot

British East India Company founded the Saurashtra agency in Rajkot to moderate all princely states. The regional headquarters and residency of this agency was at Kothi Compound. British constructed many impressive colonial buildings and educational institutions, such as Connaught Hall and The Rajkumar College.

The Rajkumar College, Rajkot

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a.k.a. Mahatma Gandhi, spent the early years of his life in Rajkot when his father was a Diwan to the king of Rajkot. Gandhi fasted to ask to form a people's council and liberation of people of Rajkot at Rashtriya Shala in March 1939.

Post independence

After independence Rajkot became capital of the State of Saurashtra, headed by U. N. Dhebar as Chief Minister. Rajkot was merged into the newly-created Gujarat State when it was separated from the bilingual Bombay State on May 1, 1960. Thakore Sahib Pradyumansinhji died in 1973. His son, Thakore Sahib Manoharsinhji Pradyumansinhji, who has carved out a political career at the provincial level, succeeded him. He served as a Member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly for several years and as the state Minister for Health and Finance. The Heir Apparent, Yuvraj Sahib Mandattasinhji has embarked on a business career and environmentalism .

Geography and climate

Rajkot
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0
 
28
10
 
 
0
 
30
12
 
 
0
 
35
16
 
 
0
 
38
21
 
 
10
 
40
23
 
 
100
 
37
25
 
 
270
 
32
25
 
 
120
 
31
23
 
 
80
 
33
22
 
 
10
 
35
20
 
 
0
 
32
16
 
 
0
 
29
12
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Weatherbase

Geography

Rajkot is located at 22°18′N 70°47′E / 22.3°N 70.78°E / 22.3; 70.78.[8] It has an average elevation of 134 metres (439 feet).The city is located on the bank of Aji River and Nyari River which remains dry except the monsoon months of July to September. The city is spread in the area of 104.86 km².[9]

Climate

Rajkot has a tropical wet and dry climate, with hot, dry summers from mid-March to mid-June, the wet monsoon season from mid-June to October, when the city receives 620 mm of rain on average. The months from November to February are mild, the average temperature being around 20°C, with low humidity.

One of the most important weather phenomena that are associated with the city of Rajkot is cyclone. The cyclones generally occur in the Arabian Sea during the months after the rainy season. The region experiences a lot of rainfall and high-speed winds during the time of the year after the monsoon season as well as the months of May and June. However, June experiences lesser amount of rainfall and winds than the post-monsoon time. Thunderstorms are another important part of the Rajkot weather in the months of June and July. During summer time, the temperature ranges between 24°C and 42°C. In the months of winter, Rajkot temperature varies between 10°C and 22°C but on a whole winters are pleasant.[10]

Demographics

Rajkot had a total population of 10,03,015. Males are 5,25,898 and females are 5,25,898, in percent males are 52.43% and females are 47.57% of the total population in Rajkot (RMC) and its suburbs including Manharpur, Madhapar, Anandpar, Munjka, Mota Mova, Vavdi, Bedi and Kotharia. Figures are as of 2006.[11]

Rajkot city has an average literacy rate of 80.6%, higher than the national average. A clear majority of the people here are Hindus. In fact, over 90% of the people are Hindus. Jains also form a big group belonging to the bania caste. Muslim population is more than ten percent. In Muslim population 95% is Sunni Muslim. Many intermarriages between the Hindus and the Jains occur quite frequently.

Culture

The people in Rajkot are predominantly vegetarians and are vehemently against any form of hunting. This could be the main reason for the survival of rich fauna in this city. The women in Rajkot are very fond of jewelry. Large chains, pendants and other heavy gold jewelry are a common sight during marriages and festivals. The Rajkot men love to flaunt thick gold chains and numerous rings on their fingers. The attire changes with the season and approaching festivals. The ladies normally wear the Gujarati flavour of the Sari and men can be seen in flowing Kurtas and in the formal wears (shirts and trouseres).

Rajkot is multicultural. One can find many languages, like Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, English, Sindhi, Bengali, Tamil and Marathi. However, only Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, and English are well understood.

Rajkot is frequently referred to as "Rangilu Rajkot" meaning colorful Rajkot. The people of Rajkot like to enjoy themselves to the fullest no matter which season or time of the day. You can find them eating out at 1 am.

Tourism

Rajkot is home to numerous national landmarks and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the India. The Jubilee Garden is a large, open park area in the center of the city featuring many monuments to colonial time. Located prominently in the center of the garden is the Connaught Hall. Other notable points of interest near the Garden include the Alfred High School, Watson Museum, Lang Library and Rotary Midtown Library.

The Rotary Dolls Museum has a collection of more than 1,400 unique dolls from all over the world.[12]

The Lang Library and the G.T. Sheth Library collect thousands of documents and books covering every period in Rajkot and Saurashtra (region) history. Rajkot has many other public libraries with many branches throughout the city. It includes Rotary Midtown of Rajkot City Library and many more.

Other points of interest in Rajkot include Swaminarayan Gurukul, Masonic Hall, Jam Tower, Race Course, Aji Dam, Ramakrishna Aashram, Shri Ranchhoddas Ashram, Swaminarayan Temple, Gebanshah Pir Darghah, Nageshwar Parswanath Jain Temple, Balkrishna Haveli, Ishwariya Temple and Garden, Mukti Dhama, Lal Pari Lake, Randerda Lake, Kaba Gandhi no Delo: Gandhiji's ancestral home which now houses the Gandhi Smriti, a permanent exhibition. Watson Museum And Library: The Watson Museum today has a collection of human history and culture. Its collection has precious objects of colonial period of India and History of Rajkot. Located in the pleasant Jubilee Garden, the museum is a good introduction to Saurashtra's cultural heritage. Rajkot Memon Boarding;is head quarter of muslim activites before 1947. Saurastra Muslim league held many muslim convention at Rajkot Memon boarding ground.

Performing arts

Rajkot is a major regional center for the arts, with many venues for the performing arts in the city. Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha,[13] one of the first non-profit regional theaters, is rich with history and dedicated to the Gujarati Play.

Music

Rajkot has its own native music genre, called Dayro,[14] which is used to convey folk stories and sayings. Rajkot also inherited Kathiyawadi folk music.

Sports

Cricket is the most famous sport in the city. One-day internationals, domestic tournaments such as the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy and many inter-school and collegiate tournaments are played at the Madhavrao Sindhia Cricket Ground. Rajkot has produced cricketers such as K S Ranjitsinhji and Karsan Ghavri who have been members of the Indian cricket team. Rajkot has many other cricket grounds around city, including Railway Cricket Ground and Rajkumar College South Ground. Apart from cricket, other sports such as hockey, football, volleyball, badminton, tennis,table-tennis,chess, swimming and squash are rapidly growing popular in the city. There has been a significant increase in recent years in the number of private sports clubs, gymkhanas and gymnasiums. Kathiawar gymkhana, indoor stadium and swimming pools of Rajkot Municipal Corporation are major sports clubs in city. Recently, the Gujarat Hockey Team (Under 14) was assembled with all 16 players coming from Rajkot.[15]

Media

Newspapers

Morning newspapers available in the English language are The Hindu, The Times of India, Indian Express, Economic Times, Business Standard, while Gujarati language newspapers are Phulchhab, Jaihind, Jansatta, Sandesh, Gujarat Samachar, Divya Bhaskar, Sambhav. Rajkot also publishes evening newspapers including Akila, Sanj Samachar, Aaj Kal, Ass-Paas all of which have a healthy number of estimated readers per copy rate. "Gulistan-e-memon" is published by Bashir Memon, which gives a news on memon and muslim communitis A large number of magazines, periodicals and journals are regularly published and circulated across the city.

Radio

The city has five FM stations at All India Radio (Akashvani), Rajkot (102.4 FM), Gyan Vani, Rajkot (107.8 FM), Big92.7FM (92.7FM), Radio Mirchi (98.3FM), RED FM (93.5 FM) and Satellite radio WorldSpace with 33 channels. However All India Radio, Rajkot also broadcasts on (1071 AM).[16] As per the latest survey, FM is listened by every one and RED FM is the most liked station by people of Rajkot

Television

Prasar Bharti telecasts DD National (DD1), DD Gujarati (DD11) from Doordarshan Kendra, Rajkot. Rajkot Chamber of Cable operators (RCC) has launched a company which provides cable connection to Rajkot City and its suburbs with 94 circulars. Currently RCC is multicasting around 90 channels.[17] BSNL Telephone Exchange provides PSTN, mobile, wireless local loop and broadband services. Private companies like Idea cellular, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Indicom, Bharti Airtel and Vodafone India also provide mobile and broadband services.

Activities

Bandstand in Jubilee Garden

People of Rajkot have many activities in their daily lives. The muslim of Rajkot pray's five time Namaz at 33 masjid. Hindu also go to mazar of Muslim Dargah. The indoor stadium also runs sport activities and is near to the International Cricket ground. Many of the free yoga classes and laughing club can be found there. Free Ayruvedic medicine (Kadvu Kadiyatu) can be provided in early morning for walkers.

Festival

Rajkot is a city of festivals. Garba, a dance form, is popular both with men and women and is performed during the Navratri festival. The dance starts before midnight and continues until dawn. Mata Ambe, who rides a Lion, has a special reverential status with any highly religious Gujarati. The 'Janmastami Mela' organizes by for five days at the Race Course grounds to celebrate Janmastami. Diwali is the New Year for Hindus and people celebrate by doing Ma Laxmi Pujan. Moharam is new year of muslim. Muslim's also celebrate ramzan Eid and bakri Eid. Rajkot Municipality arranges the Firecracker Show for the citizens of Rajkot. People clean and paint their houses and purchase new clothes to wear on New Year's Day. Dhuleti is the colour festival and Mahashivratri is God Shiva's day. People also celebrate Uttarayan (Makar Sankranti) on 14 January by flying kites from their terraces. Other holidays are Ganesh Utsava, Ram Navami, Mahavir Jayanti etc. Since Rajkot has people from many different castes and races, their various celebrations occur throughout the year.

Economy

The city contributes to the economy of the state with heavy and small scale industries under the patronage of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) and Gujarat State Financial Corporation (GSFC). The economy of Rajkot got another shot in the arm with 28 crore World Bank aid for development of infrastructure of the city. Many a renowned business houses made a beeline for grabbing the property market in the city, before it skyrockets. The plans are already in place to beautify and modernize the ancient city, including a Rock Garden, ala Chandigarh. Another 25 crore project to rebuild the Kaiser-e-Hind, the only major bridge linking to the city, is already nearing completion. All such infrastructure development will add to the economic wealth and promote the local business houses.

Industry

Rajkot is famous for its jewellery market, silk embroidery and watch parts. The city hosts several small scale manufacturing industries. Some of the industrial products for which Rajkot is known include bearings, diesel engines, kitchen knives and other cutting appliances, watch parts (cases & bracelets), automotive parts, forging industry, casting industry, machine tools, share market and software development.

Rajkot is well known throughout the world for its casting and forging industries. Over the last few years, it has started to play an increasingly important role in the complex supply chains of many global engineering companies that make products such as electric motors, automobiles, machine tools, bearings, etc. Companies such as Echjay Industries[18], Prashant Castings (P) Ltd[19], Doctor Pumps[20] Rolex Rings, Topland Engines etc. are prime examples of this trend and due to huge investments by the Government and private sector in local infrastructure such as highways, ports, power plants etc., many more companies are expected to join them.

There are about 500 foundry units in Rajkot. The cluster came-up mainly to cater to the casting requirements of the local diesel engine industry. The geographical spread of the cluster includes Aji Vasahat, Gondal Road and Bhavanagar Road areas. The majority of foundry units in Rajkot produce grey iron castings for the domestic market. A very small percentage (about 2%) of the foundry units export castings such as electric motor castings, automobile castings etc. Rajkot is most famous for mechanical industry especially in Shapar nearby rajkot.

Rajkot is also famous for its gold purity. It has one of the largest gold markets in India. Rajkot is also growing up in Software Industries and ITeS. There are many SOHO companies working in web development and many new multinational software companies and call centers are setting up their operation and development center in Rajkot.

In the near future, the government of Gujarat will allocate large land areas for the development of Special Economic Zone[21] which will be parted in three different areas and will include industries such as Software, Auto-Mobiles, etc. As per recent market reviews, Rajkot is becoming Asia's biggest Auto-Mobile Zone.

Rajkot is also famous for its textile printing units,this units products Cotton sulvar-suits and Cotton prints sarees,and also make a pure silk patoda.

Law and government

Local government

Rajkot is managed by many government bodies, including Jilla Seva Sadan (Rajkot district Collector Offices), Rajkot Municipal Corporation, Rajkot Urban Development Authority and Police Department of Gujarat and Rajkot City Traffic Police Department.

Preceded by
Dhansukh Bhanderi
City Mayor
2008– Present
Succeeded by
Sandhya Vyas
Preceded by
Ms. Arti Kanwar
City Municipal Commissioner
2007– Present
Succeeded by
Mr. Dinesh H. Brahmbhatt
Preceded by
Sudhir Sinha
City Police Commissioner
2007– Present
Succeeded by
Gita Johri

The city civic body has started a 24x7 call center, the first of its kind in Gujarat and the second in the country to take care of all complaints relating to civic management. Citizens can now get all their complaints registered with the Rajkot Municipal Corporation by dialling a single number with an assurance that the problem would be addressed within 72 hours.[22]

Education

Christ College

A number of schools in the city are run by Rajkot Municipal Corporation.They include 20 schools and learning centers,[23] which consist of 3 elementary schools, 7 middle schools, 4 junior high schools, 4 senior high schools, 1 education centers, and 1 special school.[24] There are also some well-known self-financed public schools making a significant contribution to the field of education in Rajkot.

Rajkot also has Union Government HRD Ministry run Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, now shifted to Jamnagar highway premise. Earlier it started at the Juni Khadki school premise of Sir Lakhajiraj High School and later on moved to its own building on the Jamnagar Road. It is CBSE Board affiliated, residential school for girls and boys, providing a high qaulity education to those selected at the Class VI level all India entrance test.[25][26]

List of High Schools

  • A S Chowdry High School
  • Akshar Purshottam Swaminarayan High School
  • Central School
  • Delhi Public School
  • G T High School
  • Kadvibai Virani Kanya Vidyalaya
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Matru Mandir
  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi High School
  • Rajkumar College
  • Saurastra High School
  • SN Kansagara School
  • Saint Mary's High School
  • Samji Velji Virani High School
  • Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Vidyalaya
  • Shri P.V. Modi High School
  • Sun Shine School
  • Swaminarayan Gurukul
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri High School

Colleges and universities

The city is home to Saurashtra University, several colleges, and other institutions of higher education, both public and private. The city has six engineering colleges namely MEFGI - Marwadi Education Foundations' Group of Institutions, V.V.P. Engg. College (One of the Best 50 colleges of India), Atmiya Institute, Government Engineering College (GEC), R.K. College of Engg., Gardi Engg. College & other two are under construction, they are Darshan Engg. College & Om Shanti Engg college.Not but listed Performing Arts College (Vocal, Classical dance, Tabla Vadan etc) opposite Hemu Gadhvi Natya Gruh. The Saurashtra University is the city's public university; it provides one of the most modern and sophisticated infrastructures in the region for higher studies. It is spread across approximately 410 acres (1.7 km2) of lush green land with 28 post graduation departments.[27]

List of Colleges/University

  • Smt. M. T. Dhamsania Commerce College
  • Christ College
  • AV Parekh Technical Institute
  • BK Mody Government Pharmacy College
  • Government Medical College
  • Government Polytechnic
  • H and HB Kotak Institute of Science
  • Kundaliya College
  • Lukhdhirji Engineering College
  • M and N Virani Science College
  • Matushree Virbaima Mahila College
  • PD Malaviya College
  • Saurastra University
  • VVP Engineering College[28]
  • R.P. Bhalodiya College
  • J.H. Bhalodiya College
  • Takshashila College of Engineering and Technology [29]
  • T.N.Rao College
  • R.K. College of Business Management [30]
  • Mohandas Gandhi Vidhalaya Jublie Baag
  • Department of Computer Science Saurashtra University
  • Harivandana College

Transport

Rajkot is connected to major Indian cities by Air, Railway and Road.

Roads and highways

The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) runs regular buses to and fro from Rajkot to other cities of Gujarat.There are more than 81000 people who travelling daily with GSRTC. Rajkot is very well connected with Gujarat State Highways, National Highway 8 and East-West Corridor. Rajkot is allocated the vehicle registration code GJ-3 by RTO(Road and Transport Office) which is a government body. There are a number of private bus operators connecting city with Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and other states of India.

Rail and bus

Rajkot Railway Station is a main railway junction of Saurashtra (region), trains for the all the major cities of India are available from here.

Rajkot Municipal Corporation has restored city bus services with Public Private Partnership in 2007. RMC and a private company is providing around 80 CNG buses under 15 to 20 routs in city and suburbs. RMC is also working for Rajkot Bus Rapid Transit System (RBRTS)[31] for providing better transportation within city.[32] Rajkot has sufficient number of auto rickshaws, which are running round the clock within city, most of which are converting to CNG from petrol or diesel.

Aviation

Jet Airways plane.

Aviation is developing slowly in the city. Daily multiple flights to Mumbai are served by Indian Airlines and Jet Airways and by other carriers. Intermittent services to Ahmedabad and hopping service to Bhavnagar on the way to Mumbai have been undertaken periodically. Currently Indian Airlines and Jet Airways offer daily flights between Rajkot and Mumbai Airport. A new service planned is for Rajkot-Bhavnagar-Surat route [33]. Another new service planned by Jet Airways to Mumbai and Bangalore would enhance aviation[34].

Direct Flights [35] from abroad arrive at regional International Airport in Ahmedabad, the capitol of Gujarat state, 216 km away.

Rajkot Airport[36] is located at a short distance from the city centre. The airport is owned by the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and has a 1,841 metre long runway.

Outskirts of Rajkot

Sister cities

Rajkot has one sister city.[37] Leicester Rajkot Twinning Association is going to build Leicester House with collaboration of RMC in Rajkot.[38][39]

See also

Rajkot Municipal Corporation Rajkot Urban Development Authority Rajkot Railway Station
Rajkot Airport List of most populous cities in India List of most populous metropolitan areas in India
Status of Indian cities List of cities in India List of million-plus cities in India

References

  1. ^ "List of Lok Sabha Members from Gujarat". Lok Sabha. http://164.100.24.209/newls/statedetail.aspx?state_name=Gujarat. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  2. ^ "List of MLAs from Rajkot District". Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. http://www.gujaratassembly.gov.in/eprajkot.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b c "Statistics". Rajkot Municipal Corporation. http://www.rmc.gov.in/statictic.php. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  4. ^ "Ward details". Rajkot Municipal Corporation. http://www.rmc.gov.in/ward.php. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  5. ^ "India: metropolitan areas". World Gazetteer. http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gpro&lng=en&dat=80&geo=-104&srt=pnan&col=aohdq&msz=1500&pt=a&va=&geo=-1049253. 
  6. ^ World Gazetter: Largest cities in India, Retrieved on January 4, 2008
  7. ^ City Mayors World's fastest growing urban areas (1), Retrieved on December 13, 2007
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rajkot, Retrieved on 2007
  9. ^ Rajkot Geography, Retrieved on January 3, 2008
  10. ^ Weatherbase of Rajkot (60 years on record), Retrieved on February 1, 2008
  11. ^ Census of India Retrieved on December 13, 2007
  12. ^ Rotary Dolls Museum, Rajkot, May 21, 2008
  13. ^ Sargam Club - Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  14. ^ Gujarati Dayro, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  15. ^ Gujarat Hockey Team U14, Retrieved on January 28, 2008
  16. ^ Frequency of Rajkot Radio, Retrieved December 13, 2007
  17. ^ BSNL
  18. ^ Echjay Industries
  19. ^ Prashant Castings (P) Ltd
  20. ^ Doctor Pumps
  21. ^ REA SEZ, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  22. ^ Civic Call Center, Retrieved on January 28, 2008
  23. ^ RMC School Board RTI, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  24. ^ RMC Highschools, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  25. ^ Navodaya
  26. ^ Application form for Navodaya
  27. ^ About Saurashtra University, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  28. ^ www.vvpedulink.ac.in
  29. ^ www.tcet.in
  30. ^ www.rkcollege.ac.in
  31. ^ Rajkot BRTS, Retrieved on December 6, 2008
  32. ^ Rajkot BRTS, Retrieved on January 6, 2008
  33. ^ Surat-Bhavnagar-Rajkot flight may take wings soon
  34. ^ Rajkot-Mumbai-Banglore service planned by Jet Airways
  35. ^ Direct International flights to Ahmedabad
  36. ^ AAI website-info on Rajkot Airport
  37. ^ Sister cities of Leicester, England. Retrieved on December 18, 2007
  38. ^ Sister (Twin) Cities of Rajkot. Retrieved on December 18, 2007.
  39. ^ Leicester City Council. Retrieved on December 18

Further reading

  • Sadashiv, Anant. "A History of important ancient towns & cities in Gujarat & Kathiawad". ASIN B0008B2NGA. 
  • Singhji, Virbhadra. "The Rajputs of Saurashtra". ISBN 8171545467. 
  • Curzon, George Nathaniel. "Speeches". 
  • Thornton, Edward. "A Gazetteer of The Territories under the government of The East-India Company, and of the Native states on the continent of India.". ISBN 8185557527. 
  • Briggs, Henry George. "The Cities of Gujaráshtra: : Their Topography and History Illustrated, in". 
  • Baird, Robert. "The Christian Retrospect and Register: A Summary of the Scientific, Moral". 
  • Chesson, James. "Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, from May 1844 to February 1846.". 
  • Councillor Culdipp Singh Bhatt's Visit - 1996
  • Leicester City Council - Civic Visit to Rajkot - January 2001

External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Rajkot is a city in the state of Gujarat in Western India.

Mahatma Gandhi pursued his early education in Rajkot. The city is also famous for traditional sweets and dandiya/garba raas dances.

Get in

Air: There are several daily direct flights from Rajkot to Mumbai. Mumbai in turn is connected to rest of the world.

Train: There are direct trains from all parts of India to Rajkot. Some of the longer routes include trains from Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Jammu-Tawi, Kochi, Secunderabad, Thiruvananthapuram, Bhopal etc.

Bus: Rajkot is quite well connected to the entire region of Saurashtra and rest of Gujarat by buses.

Get around

Rajkot is in the centre of the region Saurashtra. One can go around in any direction. Jamnagar and the Reliance Industries are about 90 km. Mount Girnar and the Gir forest (asiatic Lions) are about 100-150 km from Rajkot. The forest has a lodge and a Taj hotel too. Somnath temple is again around 200 km and a beautiful place to visit. Diu ( formarly a portugese colony) is again 200 km from Rajkot with beautiful beaches and good weather.

Near by Rajkot one can see Hingol Gadh situated near Jasdan about 70 km from Rajkot. Dwarka is about 200 + from Rajkot. Kutch, the hub of development, now a days is again some 200 km from Rajkot.

  • Race course. where people come for a stroll in the mornings and at nights  edit
  • Alfred High School. Alfred Highschool - place where Mahatma Gandhi got his primary education  edit

swaminarayan temple Aji Dam Race Course Garden

Buy

Want to do shopping?If at all you are a typical shopper who wants to buy clothes,jewellary,watches etc. then you may go for the malls but if at all you want to buy the regional specialities,then you may go for the local bazaars such as dharmendra road-multipurpose(perfumes,insence sticks,clothes,handloom products etc.),bangdi bazaar-speciality for imitation jewellary and bangles,mochi bazaar-for footwear,soni bazaar-goldsmith market.

  • Doyours Interior -Builder's Hardware
  • Raj Machine Tools -Jewellery Machineries

Eat

You will find many varieties of food.

For food items besides regular, could be bought of here like chevda, bundi-ganthiya, penda could be included in such foods. Pickles could be one of them.

Want something new for your breakfast? Here, ganthiya is the best option for breakfast. Ganthiya is not available only as prescribed above. Ganthiyas here are of many types. For example: fafda, vanela, bhavnagari, champakali etc. Ganthiya is basically stripes of a dough made from besan flour + some spices + water and then fried into different shapes and tastes. It's not as easy to make as it seems.

Diet conscious ? No fried food ? Then you may go for poha, jalebi, sweet samosa, sweet kachori etc. You could get them at kotecha chowk. This a whole new fashion of breakfast in rajkot. At some places you may also get some south Indian varieties like idli, vada etc.(kotecha chowk)

Rajkot is a place for food loving people. Therefore you have a variety of restaurants in for your lunch-dinner etc. You have the following ones for your meals:

  • Lord's Banquet
  • Temptations
  • Meet Restaurant
  • Raju Paunbhaji (Multi cuisines)
  • US Pizza
  • Pizza Hut
  • K4 Restaurant at Hotel KK
  • Sankalp
  • Big Bite (fast food)
  • Hotel Kavery
  • Hotel Imperial Palace
  • Senso - 24hr coffee shop with meals at imperial palace
  • Michi's Restaurant
  • Flavours Restaurant

Drink

These r some of the famous tea spots

  • Tea at Khetla Apaa, Kalawad Road.
  • Kankai, Race course.
  • Jai Ambe Tea, opp. bus stand.
  • Hotel KK
  • Hotel Imperial Palace
  • Hotel Evershine
  • Hotel Silver Palace
  • Hotel Rajdoot
  • Hotel Upasana
  • Hotel Surya Kant
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

RAJKOT, India, capital of a native state in Bombay, and headquarters of the political agent for Kathiawar. Pop. (1901) 36,151. It is situated in the middle of the peninsula of Kathiawar, and is the centre of the railway system. There is a military cantonment. The Rajkumar college, for the education of the sons of chiefs on the lines of an English public school, has achieved great success. Besides the high school there are training colleges for masters and mistresses. The Rasulkhanji hospital has a department for women, opened in 1897. All these institutions are maintained at the joint expense of the chiefs of Kathiawar. The state of Rajkot, which is a branch of Nawanagar, has an area of 282 sq. m. Pop. (1901) 49,795. Estimated revenue, £ 20,000.


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