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Ralph P. Buckland
January 20, 1812(1812-01-20) – May 27, 1892 (aged 80)
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland.jpg
Hon. Ralph Pomeroy Buckland of Ohio
Place of birth Leyden, Massachusetts
Place of death Fremont, Ohio
Place of burial Oakwood Cemetery, Fremont
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861–65
Rank Brigadier General
Unit Army of the Tennessee
Commands held Brigade, XV Corps
Battles/wars American Civil War
*Siege of Vicksburg
*Atlanta Campaign
Other work U.S. Congressman, railroad executive

Ralph Pomeroy Buckland (January 20, 1812 – May 27, 1892) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio, as well as a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War and an executive of the Union Pacific Railroad following the war.


Early life and career

Born in Leyden, Massachusetts, Buckland moved with his parents to Ravenna, Ohio, the same year. He attended the country schools, Tallmadge (Ohio) Academy, and Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1837 and commenced practice in Fremont, Ohio. He served as the mayor of Fremont from 1843–45 and was a delegate to the Whig National Convention in 1848. He served as a member of the Ohio State Senate from 1855–59.

Civil War service

With the outbreak of the Civil War, Buckland entered the Union Army as the colonel of the 72nd Ohio Infantry on January 10, 1862. Buckland commanded a brigade under William T. Sherman in the 5th Division of the Army of the Tennessee at the Battle of Shiloh in April. He was commissioned as a brigadier general of volunteers on November 29, 1862. During the Siege of Vicksburg in the spring and early summer of 1863, Buckland commanded a brigade in Sherman's XV Corps.

He resigned from the army January 6, 1865, and returned to Ohio after winning election to the United States Congress. In the omnibus promotions following the surrender of the Confederate armies, he was brevetted as a major general dating from March 13, 1865.

Postbellum career

Buckland was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses (March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1869). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1868 to the Forty-first Congress. He resumed the practice of law and served as delegate to the Philadelphia Loyalists' Convention in 1866 and to the Pittsburgh Soldiers' Convention.

He served as delegate to the 1876 Republican National Convention. He spent his later years involved in the railroad industry, serving as government director of the Union Pacific Railroad from 1877-80.

He died in Fremont, Ohio, on May 27, 1892, and was interred in Oakwood Cemetery.

See also


PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.



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