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Ralph Neville
Earl of Westmorland
Miniature of the Earl of Westmorland with his twelve children by Pol de Limbourg.
Miniature of the Earl of Westmorland with his twelve children by Pol de Limbourg.
Spouse Margaret de Stafford
Joan Beaufort
Issue
Maud Neville
Philippa Neville
Elizabeth Neville
Margaret Neville
Anastasia Neville
Anne Neville
Alice Neville
John Neville, Lord Neville
Sir Ralph Neville
Lady Katherine Neville
Lady Eleanor Neville
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury
Robert Neville
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent
Edward Neville, 1st Lord Bergavenny
Anne Neville
Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
George Neville, 1st Baron Latymer
John Neville
Cuthbert Neville
Thomas Neville
Henry Neville
Joan Neville
Noble family House of Neville
Father John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby
Mother Maud Percy
Born 1364
Died 21 October 1425

Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (c. 1364 – 21 October 1425) was born in Raby Castle, County Durham, England, the son of John de Neville and Maud Percy.

He was created 1st Earl of Westmorland in 1397. He had become the fifth Baron Neville de Raby in 1388. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1402, taking the place left vacant by the death of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York. Neville was a supporter of King Henry IV of England.

In the later part of his career, Neville was mainly engaged with defense of the northern border in his capacity as warden of the west march. In 1415, for example, he decisively defeated an invading Scottish army at the Battle of Yeavering.

Like the first lords of Richmond and Peter II of Savoy before him, Ralph was endowed with the lordship of Richmondshire but without the peerage.

Marriages

  1. Margaret de Stafford, 1382, daughter of Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp. Her paternal grandparents were Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford and Margaret de Audley.
  2. Joan Beaufort, 29 November 1396, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his third wife, Katherine Swynford, and half-sister of Henry IV of England.

Family and children

He had nine children by Margaret Stafford:

  • Lady Maud Neville (d. October 1438), married Piers de Mauley, 5th Baron Mauley
  • Lady Alice Neville, married first Sir Thomas Grey of Heton; married second Sir Gilbert Lancaster
  • Lady Philippa de Neville, married Thomas Dacre, 6th Baron Dacre
  • John Neville, Lord Neville (d. 1420)
  • Sir Ralph Neville (d. c. 1484), married Mary Ferrers, daughter of Sir Robert Ferrers and had issue
  • Elizabeth Neville, a nun
  • Anne Neville, married Sir Gilbert Umfraville
  • Margaret Neville (d. c. 1465), married first Richard Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton; married second William Cressoner
  • Anastasia Neville

He had fourteen children by Joan Beaufort:

The character of Westmorland in William Shakespeare's play Henry V is based on Neville. It has been claimed by Brenda James and Professor William Rubinstein that Neville's great-great-grandson, Sir Henry Neville wrote the works of William Shakespeare

References

Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Surrey
Earl Marshal
1400 – 1412
Succeeded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Westmorland
1397 – 1425
Succeeded by
Ralph Neville
Preceded by
John Neville
Baron Neville de Raby
1388 – 1425
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