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Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan City - Or Hiltch.jpg
Ramat Gan Skyline
Ramat Gan COA.png
District Tel Aviv
Government City (from 1950)
Hebrew רָמַת גַּן
Name meaning Garden Heights
Population 133,400 (2007)
Area 12,214 dunams (12.214 km2; 4.716 sq mi)
Mayor Zvi Bar
Founded in 1921
Avraham Krinizi, the first mayor of Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan's location within the Tel Aviv District
Elite Junction (2009)

Ramat Gan (Hebrew: רָמַת גַּןAbout this sound (audio) ) is a city in the Tel Aviv district of Israel, located east of Tel Aviv. It is home to one of the world's major diamond exchanges and Israel's tallest building, the Moshe Aviv Tower. Ramat Gan was established in 1921 as a moshava, a communal farming settlement. At the end of 2007, the population was 133,400.[1] The mayor of Ramat Gan is Zvi Bar.



The Moshe Aviv Tower, the tallest building in Israel

Ramat Gan was established by the Ir Ganim [2] association in 1921 as a satellite town of Tel Aviv. The first plots of land were purchased between 1914-1918.[3] The settlement was initially a moshava, a Zionist agricultural colony that grew wheat, barley and watermelons.[4] The name of the settlement was changed to Ramat Gan (lit: Garden Heights) in 1923. The settlement continued to operate as a moshava until 1933, although it achieved local council status in 1926. At this time it had 450 residents.

In the 1940s, Ramat Gan became a battleground in the country's language war: A Yiddish language printing press in Ramat Gan was blown up by Hebrew-language extremists.[5]

Over the years, the economy shifted from agriculture to commerce and industry. By 1946, the population had grown to 12,000.[3] In 1950, Ramat Gan was recognized as a city. In 1955, it had a population of 55,000. The first mayor was Avraham Krinitzi who remained in office for 43 years. In 1961, the municipal area of Ramat Gan expanded westward, to encompass the area that includes the Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer, and eastward, to encompass the area around Bar Ilan University. In 1968, the world's largest diamond exchange opened in Ramat Gan.[3] The Sheba Medical Center and the Israel Diamond Exchange are located in Ramat Gan.


Northwest of the city is an archeological site dating from the Early Bronze Age (2800-2600 BCE) - Tel Jarisha - which has been identified as a Hyksos fortified town from 2000 to 1500 BCE.[6]


Marom Naveh district

Ramat Gan is located in the Gush Dan metropolitan area east of Tel Aviv. It is bounded in the north by the Yarkon River and in the east by Bnei Brak. Givatayim lies to the southwest.[4] Ramat Gan experiences an average of 500 mm of rainfall per year and is located, on average 80 meters above sea level.[4] It is built on limestone hills.[7] Ramat Gan parks include The National Park which covers some 1,900 dunams, and David Park in the Marom Naveh neighborhood.[8] 25% of Ramat Gan is covered by public parkland.

Ramat Gan neighborhoods include: City Center, Nachalat Ganim, Kiryat Krinitzi, Ramat Shikma, Ramat Yitzhak, Shchunat Rishonim, Tel Yehuda, Givat Geula, Neve Yehoshua, Kiryat Borochov, Marom Naveh, Ramat Amidar, Ramat Chen, Shikun Vatikim, Shchunat Hillel, Elite and Diamond Exchange District and Tel Binyamin.[3]


City of Ramat Gan
Population by year
1948 17,200
1955 58,500
1961 90,800
1972 118,000
1983 117,100
1995 128,700
2005 128,400
2006 129,700

As of 2006, Ramat Gan had 129,700 residents, on an area of 12,000 dunams (12 km²).[10] The population was growing at a rate of 1.0% per annum with 90% of this growth coming through natural increase.[10] The population density of the city is 9,822.6 per square kilometer, one of the highest in Israel.[9] In terms of the origin of Ramat Gan's residents, 42,900 originate from Europe and America, 10,200 from Africa, 29,200 from Asia, and 40,600 from Israel.[11] 86,200 of the residents of Ramat Gan were born in Israel, whilst 36,600 were born abroad.[11]

According the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, as of 2001, Ramat Gan's socioeconomic ranking stood at 8 out of 10. 70.9% of twelfth grade students received a matriculation certificate in 2000. That year, the average wages in Ramat Gan were 6,995 NIS. As of 2006, 32,100 of the city's households had people who were not in the labour force, with 23,300 of these retired.[12] 1,900 of the households had unemployed within them.[12] 43,000 households were fully employed.[12] The largest sectors of jobs for those in employment in Ramat Gan were business activities accounting for 18.1% of jobs, education, 15.1%, wholesale and retail trade, and repairs, 14.2%, manufacturing 10.8%, and health, welfare and social work services, 10.0%.[13]


Ramat Gan's economy is dominated by the Diamond Exchange District in the northwest of the city, home to a large concentration of skyscrapers, including Moshe Aviv Tower (City Gate), Israel's tallest at over 240 meters, the Diamond Exchange (a world leader in fancy-cut diamonds), a large Sheraton hotel, and many high-tech businesses, among them Check Point Software Technologies and ArticlesBase.

View of Ramat Gan city from Ayalon Road

In the wake of a crackdown on prostitution and gambling in 2006, quality of life has improved in the area.[14][15] Also located in the Diamond Exchange District is the State Bank of India's Israeli headquarters and the headquarters of Bank Mizrachi, whilst the embassies of Ghana, Kenya, the Ivory Coast, Jordan, Norway, Belgium, Holland, and the European Economic Community, are located in the area.[16] A number of other international embassies are also located in the city, as is the British Council. Also headquartered in the city is the Histadrut trade union. Located to the south of Ramat Gan is Hiriya, the largest waste transfer site in the Middle East.

Ramat Gan is also an important center for industry and manufacturing with major fruit and vegetable canning plants, textile mills, metal production plants, electrical manufacturers, furniture makers, and food producers based here.[17]

In 2008, construction began on the Elite Tower,[citation needed] set to exceed the City Gate Tower in height, on the site of the historic Elite Candy factory. As a tribute to the history of the site, the lower floors of the tower will house a chocolate museum.[18] The tower is set to contain luxury apartments, with an average price tag of $1 million each.

At the end of 2006, Ramat Gan had three hotels, with a total of 408 rooms with 150,000 person-nights over the year representing 64% room occupancy.[19]


The Diamond Theater

Cultural venues in Ramat Gan include the Ramat Gan Theater, the Diamond Theater and the Russell Cultural Center. The Beit Zvi School of Performing Arts is based in Ramat Gan. Ramat Gan operates two cinemas complexes: the Lev-Elram Cinema and the "Yes Planet" megaplex.[20]


Beit Avraham Krinizi, home of the first mayor, is now a museum of the history of Ramat Gan. The Harry Oppenheimer Diamond Museum tells the story of the Israeli diamond industry.[citation needed] Man and the Living World Museum is a natural history museum and the Maccabi Museum focuses on the history of Jewish sports since 1898.[21] The Ramat Gan Safari, a 250-acre (1.0 km2) zoo housing 1,600 animals, is the largest animal collection in the Middle East.[8] The Museum of Israeli Art showcases Israeli artwork, whilst the adjoining Kiryat Omanut houses sculpture galleries and a ceramics studio. The Museum of Russian Art, Museum of Jewish Art, and the Yehiel Nahari Museum of Far Eastern Art are also located in Ramat Gan.[citation needed]

Local government

The Sheba Medical Center

The mayor of Ramat Gan is Zvi Bar. The make up of the city's 25 seat City Council is: Ramat Gan First 6, Labor 3, Likud 3, Sun 2, Meretz 3, Trufa, 2, Shas 2, Mafdal 3, and Another Ramat Gan 1.[22]


Ramat Gan is home to Israel's second largest university, Bar-Ilan University, with 24,000 students. The city is also the location of the Shenkar College of Engineering and Design, Ramat Gan College, and Beit Zvi acting college.[23]


The Sheba Medical Center located in southeastern Ramat Gan and Tel HaShomer, is Israel's largest hospital.[24] It includes the Safra Children's Hospital and Padeh Geriatric Rehabilitation Center. The city has 32 medical centers run by health authorities and 10 child-care clinics operated by the municipality.[25]


The Ramat Gan Stadium

The Maccabiah Games are held in Ramat Gan every four years. Ramat Gan Stadium is Israel's national football stadium. Seating 41,583, it is the largest stadium in the country. Hakoah Amidar Ramat Gan (based at the Winter Stadium) and Hapoel Ramat Gan (based at the HaMakhtesh Stadium in neighbouring Giv'atayim) are the city's main football clubs, both having won the championship at some point in their history. Beitar Ramat Gan and Shikun Vatikim Ramat Gan both play in the South A Division of Liga Bet, the fifth tier. The now-defunct clubs Maccabi Ramat Gan and Maccabi Ramat Amidar were both involved in mergers which formed Hakoah Amidar. In basketball, Ironi Ramat Gan plays in Ligat HaAl, the top division. The Beetles Club of Israel meets every Friday in Ramat Gan, bringing together lovers of Volkswagens.[citation needed]


Ramat Gan has 112 synagogues and two yeshivas.[26][27] Ramat Gan also has a Buddhist temple, a Scientology centre and a Kabbalah centre.

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ramat Gan is twinned with:[28]


  1. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/new_2009/table3.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  2. ^ "Ramat Gan (Israel)". http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/il-rg.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Ramat Gan". Jewish Virtual Library. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Society_&_Culture/geo/ramatgan.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  4. ^ a b c "General Information". Ramat Gan Municipality. http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/About+Ramat-Gan/. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  5. ^ Pilowsky, A: "Yiddish Alongside The Revival of Hebrew Public Polemics On The Status of Yiddish In Eretz Israel, 1907-1929", Readings In The Sociology of Jewish Languages, page 123. Joshua Fishman ed, Leiden - E.J. Brill, 1985.
  6. ^ Whalid Khalidi, All That Remains, ISBN 0 88728 224 5, 1992. Page 246
  7. ^ "Ramat Gan". http://miamibeachsistercities.com/ramatgan.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  8. ^ a b "Parks & Safari". http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Parks/. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  9. ^ a b "Population Densities". http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_15&CYear=2007. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  10. ^ a b "Sources of Population Growth". http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_05&CYear=2007. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  11. ^ a b "Origins". http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_23x&CYear=2007. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  12. ^ a b c "Labour Force Characteristics". http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st05_18x&CYear=2007. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  13. ^ "Industry of employment". http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st12_14x&CYear=2007. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  14. ^ "Knesset approves harsh punishments for human trade - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3316286,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  15. ^ "Decline in Human Trafficking for Prostitution". Walla!. http://news.walla.co.il/?w=//1007942. 
  16. ^ "Diamond Exchange Area turns into luxury residential spot". Jerusalem Post. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1207159749133&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  17. ^ "Ramat Gan". Ramat Gan. Encarta. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761565219/ramat_gan.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  18. ^ "Trump to build projects in Israel - Israel Money, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3225729,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  19. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Israel 2007 - No. 58 Subject 23 - Table No. 11". http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st23_11&CYear=2007. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  20. ^ "Theatre & Cinema". http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Theater+and+Cinema/. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  21. ^ "Museums & Fine Art". http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Museums/. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  22. ^ "Ramat Gan". http://www.barnet.gov.uk/ramat-gan. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  23. ^ "Academic Institutes". http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Academic+Institutes/. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  24. ^ Ayala Hurwicz (2007-05-07). "Sheba - Largest Hospital in Israel" (in Hebrew). http://www.nrg.co.il/online/16/ART1/578/331.html. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  25. ^ "Medical Services". http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/About+Ramat-Gan/Medical+Services/. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  26. ^ Synagogues in Ramat Gan (Hebrew)
  27. ^ "Our Faith". http://www.ramat-gan.info/RamatGan/sister-cities/About+Ramat-Gan/Our+Faith/. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  28. ^ "Ramat Gan Sister Cities". http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/home-page.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 

External links

Coordinates: 32°05′N 34°49′E / 32.083°N 34.817°E / 32.083; 34.817

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Middle East : Israel : Ramat Gan

Ramat Gan, (Hebrew: רמת גן) (Translation:Garden height) is a city in Israel, to the immediate east of Tel Aviv, which almost acts as an extension of it. Ramat Gan is an eclectic town famous for many things totally unrelated to each other including, diamonds, football, malls, chocolates, Iraqi restaurants, religious university, and there is even a full open space African Safari with Lions. Small green public gardens are plentiful and all streets are tree lined.


Ramat Gan was founded in 1921 as a moshav, a communal farming community. Over time the population grew as Tel Aviv sprawled and today, it has a population exceeding 135,000.

North Ramat Gan features a cluster of sparkling sky scrapers, which, at night, impresses you with a magnificent Manhattan-style skyline. There, you will find what is currently the tallest building in Israel (75 Floors), right next to the two sky scrapers comprising of the diamond stock exchange. This area, called the Boursa, turns at night into a sleazy collection of brothels and illegal casinos.

The rest of the city, just like its name, is residential with green gardens here and there. Some embassies (including the EU delegation) are located here, instead of Tel Aviv. A lot of political wheeling and dealing goes on at the Ramat Gan Sheraton City Towers, which is a preferred hang out for Likud Party primaries conferences.

In the North East, you will find the first successful shopping mall in Israel (Kanyon Ayalon) surrounded by huge outlets. Next to it, a shooting range ("Mitvach"), the biggest soccer stadium in the country, and the Ramat Gan National Park. On the other side of town, Bar Ilan University, a world famous institution combining modern studies with Rabbinical curriculum.

Ramat Gan is also associated with chocolates, as those passing by the "Elite" factory on Jabotinski Road would catch sweet whiffs of chocolate in the blending.

Last but not least, Ramat Gan is known as Baghdad Town. Most Jewish immigrants from Iraq settled here in the 50s and made Ramat Gan their home as a result, many Iraqi restaurants can be found here.

Get in

By Bus

The easiest way to get to Ramat Gan from Tel Aviv is by bus.

From the central bus station in Tel Aviv

Lines 30, 32, 34, 35, 51, 52, 54, 60, 70, 186, 525, 531.

From the Arlozorov train station in Tel Aviv

Lines 11, 20, 40, 42, 45, 51, 55, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 69, 72, 82, 186.

From the central bus station in Jerusalem

Line 400 goes directly to Ramat Gan.

Get around

Although walking is perhaps the most common way of going around the city center, it is recoimmended to take a bus to get to the north or the south of the city. Bus 67 goes all the way from the National Stadium at the north to the National Park at the south.

  • Ramat Gan Safari, +972-3-6744981. The African Park and the zoo within occupy 250 acres and include 1,600 animals of different species: 68 species of mammals, 130 species of fowl, and 25 species of reptiles.  edit
  • Ramat Gan hosts the Maccabiah every 4 years. This is the Jewish Olympics, where Jewish communities from all over the world send their athletes to compete and mingle at the Maccabiah village at "Kfar Maccabiah" a full scale sports hotel and compound.
  • Avraham Krinitzi National Park (Also simply known as 'The National Park', is the biggest park in Ramat Gan and a favourite place for BBQ'ing.), Southern Ramat Gan, Ehad Ha'am st. (By bus, lines 11, 32 and 67).  edit
  • Ayalon Mall (First ever Mall in Israel, still contemporary with lots of shops and cafes.), Sheshet Hayamim 28 / Aba Hillel 301 (Go by bus, lines 20, 42, 52 and 67), +972-3-5703105. 9:30-22:00 weekdays, Firday 9:30-15:00, Saturday 19:00-23:00.  edit
  • Elram Mall, Jabotinsky corner of Bialik 76 (Go by bus, lines 40, 50, 66, 67 and 70), +972-3-6721796. 10:00-21:00 weekdays, 10:00-15:00 weekend.  edit
  • Bialik St. (Bialik street is the main shopping area in Ramat Gan, here you will find almost any store you can think of.), (Get by bus or just walk to it).  edit


Don't miss the best Iraqi-style Shawarma in Israel at Shemesh on Jabotiski Road. There are plenty of fast food joints along Jabotinski. On the edge of Ramat Gan (Next to Bialik Street), practically already in Givatayim, there is the most famous Sabich restaurent in the universe, "Oved".

Hang out

Clubs and bars are scarce, just catch a taxi to Tel Aviv (30 Shekels = $7). 'Sky Bar', 14 Abba Hillel St., Ramat Gan.

  • Hemingway (Hemingway pool bar and restaurant, a great place to play some billiard.), Jabotinsky rd. 55, +972-3-5757212. 24 hours. 55 NIS.  edit
  • Sheraton City Tower, Diamond Exchange District, 14 Zisman Street, Ramat-Gan 52136, (fax: +972-3-7544445), [1]. Newly built in the greater metropolitan area of Tel Aviv, the Sheraton City Tower offers business travelers a unique experience. We are in the heart of the diamond exchange district in Ramat Gan with easy access to Tel Aviv’s highways, beach areas, and cultural attractions.  edit

The majority of travellers (and especially backpackers) choose to stay in Tel Aviv.

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