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Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited
Type Public
Founded 1961
Headquarters Gurgaon, Haryana, India
Employees 1100 in R&D

Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited is India's largest pharmaceutical company. Incorporated in 1961, Ranbaxy exports its products to 125 countries with ground operations in 46 and manufacturing facilities in seven countries. The company went public in 1973, and Japanese company Daiichi Sankyo gained majority control in 2008.[1]

Atul Sobti is currently Ranbaxy CEO and Managing Director,[2] having taken over from Malvinder Singh in May 2009.[3]




Ranbaxy was started by Ranbir Singh and Gurbax Singh in 1937 as a distributor for a Japanese company Shionogi. The name Ranbaxy is a portmanteau word from the names of its first owners Ranbir and Gurbax. Bhai Mohan Singh bought the company in 1952 from his cousins Ranbir Singh and Gurbax Singh. After Bhai Mohan Singh's son Parvinder Singh joined the company in 1967, the company saw a significant transformation in its business and scale. His sons Malvinder Mohan Singh and Shivinder Mohan Singh sold the company to the Japanese company Daiichi Sankyo in June 2008.


In 1998, Ranbaxy entered the United States, the world's largest pharmaceuticals market and now the biggest market for Ranbaxy, accounting for 28% of Ranbaxy's sales in 2005.

For the twelve months ending on 31 December 2005, the company's global sales were at US $1,178 million with overseas markets accounting for 75% of global sales (USA: 28%, Europe: 17%, Brazil, Russia, and China: 29%). For the twelve months ending on December 31, 2006, the company's global sales were at US $1,300 million.

Most of Ranbaxy's products are manufactured by license from foreign pharmaceutical developers, though a significant percentage of their products are off-patent drugs that are manufactured and distributed without licensing from the original manufacturer because the patents on such drugs have expired.

In December 2005, Ranbaxy's shares were hit hard by a patent ruling disallowing production of its own version of Pfizer's cholesterol-cutting drug Lipitor, which has annual sales of more than $10 billion.[4] In June 2008, Ranbaxy settled the patent dispute with Pfizer allowing them to sell Atorvastatin Calcium, the generic version of Lipitor(R)and Atorvastatin Calcium-Amylodipine Besylate, the generic version of Pfizer's Caduet(R) in the US starting November 30, 2011. The settlement also resolved several other disputes in other countries.

On 23 June 2006, Ranbaxy received from the United States Food & Drug Administration a 180-day exclusivity period to sell simvastatin (Zocor) in the U.S. as a generic drug at 80 mg strength. Ranbaxy presently competes with the maker of brand-name Zocor, Merck & Co.; IVAX Corporation (which was acquired by and merged into Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.), which has 180-day exclusivity at strengths other than 80 mg; and Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, also from India, whose authorized generic version (licensed by Merck) is exempt from exclusivity.

On 16 September 2008, the Food and Drug Administration issued two Warning Letters to Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. and an Import Alert for generic drugs produced by two manufacturing plants in India. [5]

On 10 June 2008, Japan's Daiichi Sankyo Co. agreed to take a majority (50.1%) stake in Ranbaxy, with a deal valued at about $4.6 billion. Ranbaxy's Malvinder Singh will remain CEO after the transaction. Malvinder Singh also said that this was a strategical deal and not a sell out. [6]

On February 25, 2009 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said it has halted reviews of all drug applications including data developed at Ranbaxy's Paonta Sahib plant in India because of a practice of falsified data and test results in approved and pending drug applications. "Investigations revealed a pattern of questionable data," the FDA said. [7][8]


On June 11 2008, Daiichi-Sankyo acquired a 34.8% stake in Ranbaxy,[9] for a value $2.4 billion. In November 2008, Daiichi-Sankyo completed the takeover of the company from the founding Singh family in a deal worth $4.6 billion[10] by acquiring a 63.92% stake in Ranbaxy.

The addition of Ranbaxy Laboratories extends Daiichi-Sankyo's operations - already comprising businesses in 21 countries. For Ranbaxy, the deal frees up its debt and imparts more flexibility into its growth plans. The combined company is worth about $30 billion.[11]

See also


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