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The old Town Hall on the square in Randers with a statue of Niels Ebbesen in front.
Niels Ebbesen statue in front of the old Town Hall in Randers, Denmark.
Randers [upper center] is south of Aalborg and north of Århus, on Denmark's Jutland peninsula.
Coat of arms

Randers (Danish pronunciation: [ˈʁɑnɐs]) is a city in Randers municipality (Aarhus County, Region Midtjylland) on the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. It is Denmark's 6th largest city with a population of 59,842 (1st January 2009)[1]. It is the main town of the municipality and the site of its municipal council . Randers municipality has 94,221 inhabitants (2009).

The municipality is also a part of the East Jutland metropolitan area with 1.2 mio inhabitants. [2].

Randers is Denmark's only natural river harbour, and is situated on the banks of the River Guden (Gudenå), about 6 miles (10 km) above its mouth in Randers Fjord, and 111 miles (179 km) west-northwest of Copenhagen. This location has had great significance for the town as a sea merchant area. Barges on the Guden River and the Northern River (Nørreå) transported goods into Randers from Silkeborg and Viborg for export, and in return came imported items.

A vast agricultural area and good transportation possibilities both by land and water, all helped to make Randers a dynamic center for trade and commerce. Known for the many access roads leading into the city, it has engendered the popular saying, "Where the waterway meets the 13 highways" ("Hvor søvejen møder de 13 landeveje").

Randers is referred to as Crown Jutland (Kronjylland) and the people as Crown Jutlanders (Kronjyde), probably due to the big Crown estates, i.e. the estates owned by the Crown, the King. The term Kronjyde was first used by Danish poets around 1750. Both Nicolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig (1783-1872) and Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), and especially Nobel Prize laureate Henrik Pontoppidan (1857-1943), who was born in Randers, used the term.

Contents

History

Randers was established around the 1100s, but traces of a population have been discovered dating back to Viking times.

Canute IV of Denmark (ca. 1043-1086), also known as Canute the Saint and Canute the Holy, and patron saint of Denmark, minted coins in the town. The peasants who rose up against him and his plans to attack England and its ruler, William the Conqueror, assembled in this town. Their uprising led to his death.

The town was fortressed throughout much of the Middle Ages. Today, however, the only sign of defensive walls is the evidence of their existence in street names. These streets follow a circular path, presumably following the location of the historic walls. Street names include Østervold ("Eastern Defense Wall), Nørreport ("Northern Gate"), Vestervold ("Western Defense Wall), and Lille Voldgade (Little Defense Wall Street").

A chronicle written at Essenbæk Cloister tells of a fire that ravaged the city. The city was destroyed three times in the 1200s, including in 1246 when it was burned down by Abel of Denmark's troops during the civil uprising against Eric IV of Denmark.

On a street in the town center is the house where Danish nobleman and national hero Niels Ebbesen, according to legend, killed Count Richard (Gerhard) III of Holstein on April 1, 1340 during the Kingless Times, when the entire country was pledged to German counts. This action led to further insurrection against the Germans. Ebbesen died in a large battle at Skanderborg Castle (Skanderborg Slot) in December 1340.

A statue to Ebbesen is erected in front of Randers' Town Hall today.

When King Valdemar IV of Denmark (Valdemar Atterdag) tried to assemble a government in 1350 after the mortgaging to the Holsteiners, the town was further reinforced with protection, and was often named as Randershus ("Randers Fortress"). This fortification was captured by dissatisfied nobility in 1357. In 1359 Valdemar attacked the captured city with the strength all of his forces.

In 1534 a farmers' uprising tried to storm the town unsuccessfully. Massive moats were set up around the town under the rule of King Christian III (1536-1559).

During its peak there were almost 170 merchants' estates in the area, and a sizeable navy that sailed around the world. Some of these old half-timbered estates and manor homes can still be seen in the town.

According to "The Popular Encyclopedia or Conversation Lexicon", Blackie & Son c 1890, it contained at that time an arsenal, a classical school with six professors, and had several industrial establishments, including manufactures of gloves, for which it had long been famous. The town was also known for salmon, rope, and pretty women.

The harbour near the town had only 7+12 feet (2.3 m) of water, but there was a good shipyard; and at some distance below, at the mouth of the fjord, there was another harbour with 9 to 10 feet (3.0 m) water, and roads with good anchorage in 4 to 5 fathoms (24 to 30 ft; 7 to 9 m). Randers was important militarily, and could encamp from 10,000 to 15,000 men in the town and its neighbourhood, in a position which could not easily be over-run. The population in 1880: 13,457.

Today

The municipality was managed for almost 100 years by Social Democrats, until the Liberal Party's (Venstre) Michael Aastrup Jensen took over political leadership in 2002. Jensen, who was 25 years old at the time, distinguished himself as Denmark's youngest mayor ever. Since 2007, the city has again been ruled by Social Democrats.

The town has had its share of problems in recent years before the political power switch, including problems with motorcycle gangs and municipal administration scandals.

The city's football team, Randers FC ("Randers Football Club"), plays in Denmark's first league, the SAS Liga (Superligaen).

Twin towns

Attractions

Randers Tropical Zoo is Northern Europe's largest artificial rainforest, featuring about 350 different kinds of plants and more than 175 species of animals, many of which roam free under its three geodesic domes: the South America Dome, the Africa Dome, and the Asia Dome. Additionally there are areas called "The Snake Garden" and the Aquarium. The organisation has been involved in the restoration of local wetlands in Vorup Meadow (Vorup Enge), a large nearby area on the southwestern side of the Guden River.

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Other attractions

  • Randers Art Museum
  • Museum of Cultural History
  • Kejsergården
  • Clausholm Castle
  • Underværket, an innovative multi-ethnic business and cultural center
  • Saint Mortens Church - 15th Century building

See also

References

Some information extracted from "The Popular Encyclopedia or Conversation Lexicon", Blackie & Son c 1890.

External links

Coordinates: 56°28′N 10°03′E / 56.467°N 10.05°E / 56.467; 10.05


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Randers is a city in East Jutland.

See

Randers Rainforrest

  • Bone's, Søndergade 1-3, 88 33 19 29. Su-Th:16:30-21:30 Fr:16:30-22 Sa:12-22.  edit
  • McDonald's, Paderup Boulevard 4, +45 86 44 88 77 (fax: +45 86 44 88 78). Sa-Th:10-23 Fr:10-24.  edit
  • McDonald's, Tørvebryggen 28, +45 86 42 97 00 (fax: +45 86 43 34 35). Sa-Th:10-23 Fr:10-24.  edit
  • Burger King, Århusvej 102, +45 86 46 90 70. Mo-Su:10-23.  edit
  • Sunset Boulevard, Gl. Århusvej 3, Sdr. Borup, +45 87 11 82 07 (fax: 87 11 82 04). Mo-Sa:10-22 Su:11-22.  edit
  • Jensens Bøfhus, Rådhusstræde 3-5, +45 86 43 43 00 (fax: +45 86 40 89 86). Mo-Th:10-21:30 Fr-Sa:11-22 Su:12-21:30.  edit
Routes through Randers
AalborgHobro  N noframe S  → Hadsten → Århus
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

RANDERS, a town of Denmark, capital of the amt (county) of its name in Jutland, on the Gudenaa at the point where it begins to widen into Randers Fjord, an inlet of the Cattegat. Pop. (1901) 20,057. The town is 15 m. from the open Cattegat and the harbour has 15 ft. depth on the bar. The chief exports are butter and eggs; the chief imports sugar, petroleum, coal and iron. Two railways run north to Aalborg, continuing the main East Jutland line from the south, and an eastward branch serves Grenaa and Aebeltoft on the coast. Though a place of considerable antiquity - being mentioned in 1086 as the meeting-place of insurgents against Knud, the saint - Randers has few remains of old buildings and bears the stamp of a compact, modern manufacturing town that owes its importance to its distilleries, manufactories of gloves, railway carriages, &c. St Marten's church dates from the 14th century, but was frequently altered and enlarged down to 1870. It has good woodwork of the 17th century. The high school is housed in a medieval monastery, which was restored in 1894-97. There is a statue to Steen S. Blicher (1782-1848), the national poet and novelist of Jutland.

Randers is best known in history as the scene of the assassination of Count Gerhard by Niels Ebbesdn in 1340. In the middle ages it had six churches and four monastic establishments, the oldest a Benedictine nunnery (1170). The Grey Friars' building was turned into a castle (Dronningborg) after the Reformation; its church was burned down in 1698.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Danish

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Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Randers

Wikipedia da

Proper noun

Randers

Randers
  1. Randers, a port on the River Guden. The second-largest city in Region Midtjylland and sixth-largest city in Denmark.
  2. The capital of the eponymous municipality in which it is located.
    Jeg vil gå til Randers i aften.
    I will walk to Randers this evening.

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