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Randolph County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Randolph County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Seat Chester
Largest city Chester
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

597 sq mi (1,546 km²)
578 sq mi (1,497 km²)
19 sq mi (49 km²), 3.15%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

33,893
60/sq mi (23/km²)
Founded 1795
Website www.randolphco.org

Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population was 33,893. Its county seat is Chester.[1]

Owing to its role in the state's history, the county motto is "Where Illinois Began."

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 597 square miles (1,547 km²), of which 578 square miles (1,498 km²) is land and 19 square miles (49 km²) (3.15%) is water.

The Kaskaskia River flows into the Mississippi River in Randolph County. At this point the Mississippi, which usually defines the border between Illinois and Missouri, is entirely in Illinois. The Mississippi changed its course in the late-nineteenth century, leaving Kaskaskia, the former state capitol, on the west side of the River. The boundary of the State, however, follows the old course of the River, leaving Illinois with an enclave on the western shore of the Mississippi River.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Unincorporated communities

History

Randolph County was organized in 1795 out of a part of St. Clair County. It was named in honor of Edmund Randolph, Governor of Virginia. George Rogers Clark of the army of Virginia captured the area from the British on July 4, 1787, near the end of the Revolutionary War. The area then became, for a brief time, Illinois County, Virginia, although the Congress of the Confederation legislated the existence of the Northwest Territory on July 13, 1787. Edmund Randolph was Governor of Virginia at the time Virginia ceded the Northwest Territory to the United States. The county's boundaries were last changed in 1827, when land was taken to form Perry County.

The Mississippi River has played a prominent role in the county's history, altering its boundaries in 1881 when it severed the isthmus that connected Kaskaskia to the Illinois mainland, destroying the original village of Kaskaskia and forcing its historic cemetery to be relocated across the river to Fort Kaskaskia. Crains Island[1], southeast of Chester, is another enclave of Illinois west of the Mississippi that was created by a change in the river's course.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 28,001
1910 29,120 4.0%
1920 29,109 0%
1930 29,313 0.7%
1940 33,608 14.7%
1950 31,673 −5.8%
1960 29,988 −5.3%
1970 31,379 4.6%
1980 35,652 13.6%
1990 34,583 −3.0%
2000 33,893 −2.0%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 33,893 people, 12,084 households, and 8,362 families residing in the county. The population density was 59 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 13,328 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.71% White, 9.29% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 1.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 46.3% were of German, 11.7% American, 9.0% Irish, 6.5% English and 5.7% French ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 12,084 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 116.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,013, and the median income for a family was $44,766. Males had a median income of $30,837 versus $21,501 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,696. About 7.10% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential elections results[3][4]
Year Republican Democratic Other
2008 49.59% 7,538 48.64% 7,395 1.76% 269
2004 54.00% 8,076 45.27% 6,771 0.73% 109
2000 49.88% 7,127 47.55% 6,794 2.56% 366
1996 37.0% 5,422 50.7% 7,419 12.3% 1,806
1992 29.6% 4,899 51.5% 8,529 19.0% 3,137
1988 48.3% 7,396 51.2% 7,844 0.5% 78
1984 59.5% 9,415 40.1% 6,355 0.4% 59
1980 56.9% 8,810 39.1% 6,052 4.1% 632
1976 48.1% 8,190 51.0% 8,693 0.9% 155
1972 60.2% 9,761 39.7% 6,440 0.1% 14
1968 50.4% 7,681 39.0% 5,953 10.6% 1,616
1964 38.7% 5,803 61.3% 9,199 0.0% 0
1960 52.0% 7,988 47.9% 7,344 0.1% 15
1956 60.0% 8,439 40.0% 6,778 0.0% 4
1952 54.6% 8,427 45.3% 6,998 0.1% 13

Media

There are two AM radio stations licensed in the county — WHCO 1230AM in Sparta and KSGM 980AM in Chester.

Weekly newspapers in the county are The Randolph County Herald Tribune located in Chester, The County Journal, which is based in Percy and also covers Perry and Jackson Counties, the North County News in Red Bud, and the Sparta News-Plaindealer.

The area is also served by the on-line newspaper based in Chester which is SunTimesNews.com

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
  4. ^ Randolph County Clerk and Recorder.

External links

Coordinates: 38°03′N 89°49′W / 38.05°N 89.82°W / 38.05; -89.82


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
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Randolph County, Illinois
Map
File:Map of Illinois highlighting Randolph County.png
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1795
Seat Chester
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 3.15%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

33893
Website: www.randolphco.org

Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population was 33,893. Its county seat is Chester6.

Owing to its role in the state's history, the county motto is "Where Illinois Began."

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,547 km² (597 sq mi). 1,498 km² (578 sq mi) of it is land and 49 km² (19 sq mi) of it (3.15%) is water.

The Kaskaskia River flows into the Mississippi River in Randolph County. At this point the Mississippi, which usually defines the border between Illinois and Missouri, is entirely in Illinois. The Mississippi changed its course in the late-nineteenth century, leaving Kaskaskia, the former state capitol, on the west side of the River. The boundary of the State, however, follows the old course of the River, leaving Illinois with an enclave on the western shore of the Mississippi River.

Adjacent Counties

History

Randolph County was organized in 1795 out of a part of St. Clair County. It was named in honor of Edmund Randolph, Governor of Virginia. The Northwest Territory was captured from the British near the end of the Revolutionary War by the army of Virginia. Illinois then became, for a brief time, Illinois County, Virginia. Edmund Randolph was Governor of Virginia at the time Virginia ceded the Northwest Territory to the United States. The county's boundaries were last changed in 1827, when land was taken to form Perry County.

The Mississippi River has played a prominent role in the county's history, altering its boundaries in 1881 when it severed the isthmus that connected Kaskaskia to the Illinois mainland, destroying the original village of Kaskaskia and forcing its historic cemetery to be relocated across the river to Fort Kaskaskia. Crains Island[1], southeast of Chester, is another enclave of Illinois west of the Mississippi that was created by a change in the river's course.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 33,893 people, 12,084 households, and 8,362 families residing in the county. The population density was 23/km² (59/sq mi). There were 13,328 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (23/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 88.71% White, 9.29% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 1.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,084 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 116.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,013, and the median income for a family was $44,766. Males had a median income of $30,837 versus $21,501 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,696. About 7.10% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Media

There are two AM radio stations licensed in the county, WHCO 1230AM in Sparta and KSGM 980AM in Chester.

There are several weekly newspapers in the county. They are The County Journal, which is based in Percy but also covers Perry and Jackson Counties, the North County News in Red Bud, the Randolph County Herald-Tribune in Chester and the Sparta News-Plaindealer.

Cities and towns

Census designated places

External links

Randolph County News

Coordinates: 38°03′N 89°49′W / 38.05, -89.82

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Randolph County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Randolph County, IllinoisRDF feed
County names Randolph County, Illinois  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Illinois  +
Short name Randolph County  +

This article uses material from the "Randolph County, Illinois" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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