Rathore: Wikis

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Rajput clan: Rathore (राठौड़)
Vansh Suryavanshi[citation needed]
Descended from: Kannauj (Gahadvala)
Branches:
Ruled in Marwar, Jangladesh, Malwa
Princely states: Marwar (1226-1949)
Bikaner (1488-1949)
Kishangarh (1611-1949)
Idar (1728–1949)
Ratlam (1651–1949)
Sitamau (1701–1949)
Sailana (1730–1949)
Alirajpur(1701–1949)
Manda
Poonch(1596-1798)

The Rathore (or Rathor / Rathur / Rathod / Rathour) (Hindi: राठौड, IAST:Rāṭhauḍ or Rāṭhaur, Urdu: راٹھور) is a Suryavanshi Rajput clan of India and Pakistan. Their Kuldevi is Nagnechiya Maa. Rathore are originally from Kannauj in Uttar Pradesh. This clan inhabits Marwar and Jangladesh regions of western Rajasthan, Idar state of Gujarat. Chhapra, Sheohar (a village called Tariyani Chapra also has a large number of Rathore Rajputs, migrated from Jaipur. A prominent Rathore family, decedents of Rao Suraj Singh, are located in Poonch, Kashmir. There is a small number of Rathores in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar. They have inhabited 60 villages in Kaimur and Buxar district of Bihar.

Contents

Current Demographics

In India, their native languages are Hindi and its dialects such as Rajasthani, Marwari and other languages of Rajasthan, Gujarati and Kutchi in Gujarat, as well as Punjabi in the Punjab, a dialect of Punjabi called Rathi spoken in Ratia and Tohana in present day Haryana derives its name from the Rathore clan that held sway in this area Uttar Pradesh (Basti-60 km from Ayodhaya), Rathore have 10 village Madhwapur, Umra, dasiya daulatpur karma gandhariya kusma, basdiha, kusmahiya, madhopur these rathores are prevailing in that area and speak awadhi language.

Dynasties belonging to this clan ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states in Rajasthan and neighbouring states before India's independence in 1947. The largest and oldest among these was Jodhpur, in Marwar and Bikaner. Also the Idar State in Gujrat. Apart from Idar many of the Rathods had migrated to the different parts of Gujarat and one of them is Lunavada State (Currently in Panchmahals District of Gujarat.) Kanesar is one of the village in Lunawada State containing Rathods as a major population. The Maharaja of Jodhpur, is regarded as the head of the extended Rathore clan of Rajputs. Even in the modern times the clout of this clan in the democratic world is such that a large number of MLAs and MPs have been elected from among them.

Early history

The Mehrangarh fort, Jodhpur

Based on "khyats" (traditional accounts) written in seventeenth century, it is surmised that the Rathores and Rathods were originally feudatories of the Ujjaini-based Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty, and may perhaps have been domiciled in the vicinity of Kannauj in the heyday of that dynasty. Pratihara-ruled Kannauj was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1019 CE, which ushered in a chaotic period for that area. A family known to us as the "Gahadvala" dynasty gained control of Kannauj and ruled for nearly a century; their best-known dynast was Raja Jaichand, their last king. The Gahadvalas were displaced from Kannauj by the invasion, in 1194 CE, of Muhammad of Ghor. It is said that Sheoji, a surviving grandson of Jaichand, made his way into the western desert with a group of faithful followers, finally settling in the town of Pali in Marwar, which was ruled by another branch of the Pratiharas. Sheoji is regarded as the patriarch of the entire Rathore clan and all Rathores and Rathods trace their patrilineage back to him. The tradition finds supports from a number of inscriptions found in the vicinity of Kannauj that mention several generations of a Rashtrakuta dynasty ruling there for two centuries. A very similar account is also mentioned in the "Rashtraudha Kavya" of Rudrakavi, finished in 1595, who was the court poet in the court of the Rashtraudha king, Narayana of Mayurgiri.

Marwar and beyond

The Rathores gradually spread across Marwar, forming a brotherhood of landowners and village chieftains, loosely bound to each other by ties of clan and caste. An epoch in the history both of Marwar and of the Rathores was marked by Rao Jodha, a warrior who founded a kingdom that grew to encompass all of Marwar. He also founded the city of Jodhpur in 1459, and moved his capital thither from Mandore.

One of his sons, Rao Bika, with the help of his uncle Rawat Kandhal, established the town of Bikaner in 1488, in the Jangladesh region lying to the north of Marwar; that town was to become the seat of a second major Rathore kingdom. Some of these migrations from Marwar into Gujarat caused changes in language and the spelling of Rathore to Rathod, which is seen in clans present in Gujarat. Rathods of Gujarat trace their history to the city Jodhpur.

The various cadet branches of the Rathore clan gradually spread to encompass all of Marwar and later sallied abroad to found states in Central India and Gujarat. At the time of India's independence in 1947, the princely states ruled by various branches of the Rathore clan included:

  • Jodhpur (Marwar): Covering the present-day districts of Jodhpur, Pali, Nagaur, Barmer, and Jalor.
  • Bikaner (Jangladesh): Covering the present-day districts of Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar and Hanumangarh;
  • Kishangarh in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 by Raja Kishan Singh, son of Udai Singh of Marwar & balawat rathore .
  • Idar in present-day Gujarat, founded in 1728 or 1729.
  • Ratlam in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1651.
  • Jhabua in present-day Madhya Pradesh
  • Sitamau in present-day Mandsaur District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1701 by Raja Kesho Das.
  • Sailana in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1730 by Raja Jai Singh.
  • Manda in present day uttar pradesh, direct lineage from the younger brother of Raja Jaichand of Kannauj. Former Indian Prime Minister, Raja Bahadur Vishwanath Pratap Singhji was Last King of Manda.
  • Alirajpur in present-day Madhya Pradesh.
  • Jobat in present-day Madhya Pradesh.
  • Kashipur in present day Uttarakhand.
  • Jubbal in present day Himachal Pradesh.
  • Jasol in present day Barmer district of Rajasthan.

Rathore/Rao Genealogy

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(1200 A D onwards up to 1500 A D)

RAO SHIVA (Sheoji)
1212-1272 A.D.
Rao Asthan Rao Sonag Rao Ajay
1272-1292 A.D.
Rao Doohad RAO JOPSA Dhandhul RAO HIRNAK RAO POHAD RAO KHIPSA RAO AASAL RAO CHACHIG
1292-1309 A.D.
RAO RAIPAL RAO SINDHAL RAO KIRTIPAL RAO BEHAD RAO PAITHAR RAO JOGA RAO DALU RAO VEGAD
1309-1313 A.D.
RAO KANHA RAO KELHAN RAO SANDA RAO LAKHAN RAO DAANGI RAO MOHAN RAO JANJAN RAO RAJO RAO RANDHA RAO HATHUNDIYA
1313-1323 A.D.
RAO JALANSI(Second Son) RAO BHIMKARAN[1] RAO VIJAYPAL
1323-1328 A.D.
RAO CHADA RAO BHAKAR SINGH RAO DUNGAR SINGH
1328-1344 A.D.
RAO TIDA RAO KHOKRA RAO VANAR RAO SEEMAL RAO RUDRAPAL RAO KHIPSA
1344-1357 A.D.
RAO SALKHA (Second Son) RAO KANHAD DEV[2]
1357-1374 A.D.
RAO VIRAMDEV(Third Son) RAO MALLINATH (Oldest Son) RAO JAITMAL RAO SHOBHIT
1374-1383 A.D. (1373-1399 A.D.)
RAO CHUNDA Rao GOGADE Rao Devraj
1399-1423 A.D.
RAO RANMAL RAO SATAL RAO KANHA
1427-1438 A.D. (1424-1427 A.D.)
Rao Jodha Rawat Kandhal RAO CHAMPA RAO MANDLO RAO PATTA RAO LAKHA RAO BHAKAR JI RAO JAITMUL
1453-1489 A.D.
RAO KARNA RAO ROOPA RAO NATHOO RAO DUNGRA RAO SANDA RAO MANDO RAO BIROO
RAO AKHAIRAJ RAO JUGMAL RAO HAMPO RAO SAKTO RAO KARMA RAO URIVAL RAO KHETSI RAO SHATRUSAL RAO TEJMAL
RAO KUMPA
(-1544 A.D)
RAO SAATUL RAO SURAJ RAO GUMMA RAO DUDA RAO BIR RAO BIKA RAO BHARMUAL
1489-1492 A.D. (1492-1515 A.D.)
RAO SURJA RAO KURUM SINGH RAO RAEMUL RAO SAMANT SINGH RAO BEEDA RAO BANHUR RAO NEEMBO
RAO BAGH SINGH
RAO GANGA SINGH
1515-1532 A.D.
Rao Maldeo Rathore
1532-1562 A.D.
  • Jetmalot

Rathore rulers of Marwar (Jodhpur)

  • Rao Satal (1488–1491)
  • Rao Suja (1491–1515)
  • Rao Ganga (1515–1532)
  • Rao Maldev or Malladeva (1532–1562)
  • Rao Chandrasen (1562–1584)
  • Raja Udai Singh or Udaya Singh (1584–1595)
  • Sawai Raja Suraj Singh (1595–1620)
  • Maharaja Gaja Singh (1620–1638)
  • Maharaja Jaswant Singh I (1638–1679)
  • Maharaja Ajit Singh (19 February 1679 - 24 June 1724). Born 1679, died 1724.
  • Maharaja Abhai Singh (24 June 1724 - 18 June 1749). Born 1702, died 1749.
  • Maharaja Ram Singh (1st time) (18 June 1749 - July 1751). Born 1730, died 1772.
  • Maharaja Bakht Singh (July 1751 - 21 September 1752). Born 1706, died1752.
  • Maharaja Bijay Singh (1st time) (21 September 1752 - 1753). Born 1724, died 1793.
  • Maharaja Ram Singh (2nd time) (1753 -September 1772)
  • Maharaja Bijay Singh (2nd time) (1772 - 17 July 1793)
  • Maharaja Bhim Singh (in rebellion) (13 April 1792 - 20 March 1793). Died 1803.
  • Maharaja Bhim Singh (17 July 1793 - 19 October 1803)
  • Maharaja Man Singh Rathore (19 October 1803 - 4 September 1843). Born 1783, died 1843.
  • Chhatra Singh (regent) (19 April 1817 - 6 January 1818). Born c.1800, died 1818.
  • Maharaja Takht Singh (14 October 1843 - 13 February 1873). Born 1819, died 1873.
  • Maharaja Jaswant Singh II (13 February 1873 - 11 October 1895. Born 1838, died 1895.
  • Maharaja Sardar Singh (11 October 1895 - 21 March 1911). Born 1880, died 1911.
  • Maharaja Sumer Singh (21 March 1911 - 3 October 1918). Born 1898, died 1918.
  • Maharaja Umaid Singh (3 October 1918 - 9 June 1947). Born 1903, died 1947.
  • Maharaja Hanwant Singh (9 June 1947-7 April 1949). Born 1923, acceded to India 7 April 1949, died 1952.
  • Maharaja Gaj Singh II aka. Baap ji, present Maharaja of Jodhpur (Marwar)

Some prominent Rathores figures

  • Dr Rana C Rathore
  • Engineer Shakti R Rathore
  • Prof. Pritam Rathore
  • Dr Jawahar Rathore
  • Maan Singh Rathore
  • Sucha Singh Rathore
  • Surgeon Dr Altaf Hussain Rathore
  • Dr Ehsan Rathore
  • Dr Farhan Rathore
  • Prof Kashif Rathore
  • Dr Mobeen ud Din Rathore
  • Dr Ahsan Waheed Rathore
  • Hassan Rathore
  • Ahsan Rathore
  • Naeem Rathore(additional secretary SGAD)
  • Engr Moeen Rathore
  • Usman Rathore(gold medalist in weight lifting)
  • Chief Engr WAPDA Riaz Hussain Rathore
  • Zia Rathore
  • Ajmal Rathore(DIrector small industries)
  • Qari Dr Jameel Rathore.
  • Pervaiz Rathore CCPO Lahore.
  • Deepak Rathore from Fatehgarh,Uttar Pradesh
  • Surya Bhan Singh Rathore From Pendra Road, Chhattisgarh
  • Brijlal Singh Rathore From Pendra Road, Chhattisgarh
  • Thakur Arjun Singh Rathore From Natwara,Tonk, Rajsthan

Arts & Buisnessman and civil services

  • Rao Jai Rathore of (Rathore Textile) uk
  • Mahendra Parikshit Rathod of Rajkot, Gujarat
  rathore

Musicians

  • vinod Rathore of INDIA
  • Shravan Singh Rathore M.SC Biochemistry Shakti Medical Churu Shri Krishana Hospitel CHURU

Politicians

  • Maharaja Gaj Singh II aka. Baap ji, present Maharaja of Jodhpur (Marwar)
  • Shehla Rathore(L.L.B)MPA(social welfare)
  • Late Raja Mumtaz Hussain Rathore Former Prime Minister AJK,PAKISTAN

Sports

  • Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
  • Usman Rathore

References

  1. ^ Oldest Son. Died in a battle in his father's reign
  2. ^ Oldest Son. His progeny did not rule.
  • Hukam Singh Bhati (1990), Maheca Rathaurom ka mula itihasa: Ravala Mallinatha ke vamsaja - Maheca, Baramera, Pokarana, Kotariya aura Khavariya Rathaurom ka sodhapurna itihasa. Publisher: Ratan Prakashan, Jodhpur.
  • Mahendra Singh Nagar (2004), The genealogical survey: Royal house of Marwar and other states. Publisher: Maharaja Man Singh Pustak Prakashan, Jodhpur.
  • Bruyne, J.L. DE. (Rudra Kavi). The Great Poem of the Dynasty of Rastraudha. Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1968.

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