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Ravi River in Lahore

The Ravi (Hindi: रावी, Punjabi: راوی ਰਾਵੀ, Sanskrit: इरावती, परुष्णि, Urdu: راوی) is a river flowing through India and Pakistan. It is one of the five rivers which gives the Punjab region its name. The Ravi was known as Paruṣṇī or Irāvatī to Indians in Vedic period and as Hydraotes to the Ancient Greeks.

Contents

Course

Ravi River near Chamba

It originates in the Himalayas in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh, India following a north-westerly course and is a perennial river. It turns to the south-west, near Dalhousie, and then cuts a gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range entering the Punjab plain near Madhopur near Pathankot. It then flows along the Indo-Pak border for some distance before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab River. The total length of the river is about 720 km. The waters of the Ravi river are allocated to India under the Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan and the resulting Indus Basin Project. It is also called 'The river of Lahore' since that city is located on its eastern bank. On its western bank is located the famous town of Shahdara Bagh with the tomb of Jahangir and the Tomb of Noor Jahan.

History

Part of the battle of the ten kings was fought on the Parushni river, which according to Yaska (Nirukta 9.26) refers to the Iravati river (Ravi River) in the Punjab. Macdonell and Keith write that "the name [Parushni] is certainly that of the river later called Ravi (Iravati)".[1]

When Congress under the presidentship of Jawahar Lal Nehru changed its goal to Purna Swaraj, the national tricolor was unfurled at the bank of river Ravi at mid-night on 31 December 1929 amidst the Vande Mataram and Inquilab Zindabad Slogans.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ Macdonell and Keith, Vedic Index, 1912
  2. ^ Contemporary India , NCERT textbook in Social Sciences

See also

Coordinates: 30°35′N 71°49′E / 30.583°N 71.817°E / 30.583; 71.817

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Simple English

The Ravi River (Sanskrit: रवि, Punjabi: ਰਾਵੀ, Urdu: راوی) is a river in Kashmir and Pakistan. It is one of the five rivers which give Punjab its name.

The Ravi was known as Parushani or Iravati to Indians in Vedic times and Hydraotes to the Ancient Greeks.

It originates in the Himalayas in the Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh following a north-westerly course. It turns to the south-west, near Dalhousie, and then cuts a gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range entering the Punjab plain near Madhopur. It then flows along the Indo-Pak border for some distance before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab River.

The total length of the river is about 720 km.

The waters of the Ravi river are allocated to India under the Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan and the resulting Indus Basin Project.

It is also called 'The river of Lahore' since that great city is located on its eastern bank. On its western bank is located the famous town of Shahdara with the tomb of Jahangir and the Tomb of Noor Jahan.


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