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The Right Honourable
 Ramon John Hnatyshyn
 PC, CC, CMM, CD, QC Can, QC Sask, BA LLB LLD(hc) Sask, LLD(hc) Alb, LLD(hc) Chernivtsi, LLD(hc) NBC, LLD(hc) Nfld, LLD(hc) Queen, DPhil(hc) Yonsei, FRHSC(hon)


In office
29 January 1990 – 8 February 1995
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney
Kim Campbell
Jean Chrétien
Preceded by Jeanne Sauvé
Succeeded by Roméo LeBlanc


Born 16 March 1934(1934-03-16)
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Died 18 December 2002 (aged 68)
Ottawa, Ontario
Spouse(s) Karen Gerda Nygaard Andreasen
Profession Politician, Lawyer
Religion Ukrainian Orthodox
Signature

Ramon John Hnatyshyn PC CC CMM CD QC FRHSC(hon) (16 March 1934 – 18 December 2002), commonly known as Ray Hnatyshyn (pronounced /nəˈtɪʃən/), was a Canadian politician and statesman who, until 8 February 1995, served as the Governor General of Canada. He was appointed as such by Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, on the recommendation of then Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, to replace Jeanne Mathilde Sauvé as viceroy. The official announcement of the appointment was made on 14 December 1989,[1] and Hnatyshyn's investiture as the 24th governor general since Confederation took place on 29 January 1990.[1]

Hnatyshyn was born and educated in Saskatchewan and also served in the Royal Canadian Air Cadets prior to being elected to the House of Commons in 1974, where-after he served as a minister of the Crown in two non-successive governments until 1988. He was appointed as the Canadian viceroy at the end of the following year, and proved to be a populist governor general, reversing some exclusive policies of his predecessor, and was praised for raising the stature of Ukrainian Canadians, and for opening up Rideau Hall to ordinary Canadians and tourists alike.

On 4 June 1979, Hnatyshyn was sworn into the Queen's Privy Council for Canada,[2] giving him the accordant style of The Honourable; however, as a former governor general of Canada, Hnatyshyn was entitled to be styled for life with the superior form of The Right Honourable.

Contents

Youth and political career

Hnatyshyn, a Ukrainian Canadian, was born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, as the son of John Hnatyshyn, whose political links would provide Hnatyshyn with the opportunity while growing up to overhear debate between his father and John Diefenbaker, who would later become prime minister.[3] Hnatyshyn attended Victoria Public School and Nutana Collegiate Institute, as well as enrolling in the Royal Canadian Air Cadets, where he was placed in the Spitfire Squadron in Saskatoon and given the designation: Air Cadet #107. After graduation from high school, Hnatyshyn went on to attend the University of Saskatchewan, earning there a Bachelor of Arts in 1954 and a Bachelor of Law in 1956. Four years later, on 9 January, he married Karen Gerda Nygaard Andreasen, and with her had two sons.[1]

After being called to the Bar of Saskatchewan in 1957, Hnatyshyn's family moved to Ottawa upon his father being summoned to the Senate in 1959. There, Hnatyshyn worked for his father's law firm while also lecturing at the University of Saskatchewan's College of Law.[3] However, he eventually set these jobs aside and ran for the Progressive Conservative Party in the 1974 federal election to win his seat representing Saskatoon—Biggar in the House of Commons.[1] Following the abolishment of this riding and the dissolution of parliament, Hnatyshyn won a commons seat for the region of Saskatoon West, for which he served as Member of Parliament until he lost his position in the election of 1988. During this time, he was appointed first to the Cabinet chaired by Joe Clark on 2 April 1979, and then to that headed by Brian Mulroney on 30 June 1986, the same year he was called to the Bar of Ontario.

Governor generalship

It was announced from the Prime Minister's office on 14 December 1989 that Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, had approved the recommendation of her Canadian prime minister, Brian Mulroney, to appoint Hnatyshyn as her representative. He was subsequently sworn-in during a ceremony in the Senate chamber on 29 January of the following year.

Hnatyshyn thereafter made an effort to open up Rideau Hall to the public, establishing a visitors' centre and initiating tours of the palace and the royal park in which it sits. These moves were a complete reversal of the policies of Hnatyshyn's predecessor, Jeanne Sauvé who had closed Rideau Hall to the general public. Hnatyshyn, on the other hand, staged on the grounds the first of the annual Governor General's Summer Concert Series in 1991, and, the year after, mounted His Excellency's Most Excellent Rock Concert and re-opened the skating rink to the public. These events blended with some of Hnatyshyn's self-imposed mandates during his viceregal tenure, such as a desire to engage Canadian youth and focus attention on education, and an encouragement of the arts. In these veins, he established in 1992 the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Achievement, the Ramon John Hnatyshyn Award for Voluntarism in the Arts, and the Governor General's Flight For Freedom Award for Lifetime Achievement in Literacy. Further, he founded the International Council for Canadian Studies, the Governor General Ramon John Hnatyshyn Education Fund, the Ramon John Hnatyshyn Award for Law, and the Governor General's International Award for Canadian Studies.[1]

Amongst numerous other official and ceremonial duties, the Governor General presided over celebrations to mark the 125th anniversary of Confederation,[3] and welcomed to Rideau Hall Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, and his wife, Diana, Princess of Wales, along with a host of foreign dignitaries such as President of Russia Boris Yeltsin, and King Hussein and Queen Noor of Jordan. Further, he undertook a number of state visits, including one to Ukraine,[1] before his time serving at Her Majesty's pleasure ended on 6 February 1995.

Throughout his tenure as the Canadian viceroy, Hnatyshyn was both defended and criticised by the Monarchist League of Canada. In their final summary of Hnatyshyn's years in office, though, the former governor general was generally viewed to have not stood up for the Canadian Crown that he represented, choosing to follow instead of Vincent Massey's example, that of Sauvé, who was herself seen as a republican. This lack of loyalty, it was agued, left Hnatyshyn with few defenders when he was targeted for his spending and actions, which he did face from the Reform Party over his salary and taxes.[4]

Post viceregal career and death

A statue of Hnatyshyn that was created by Bill Epp in 1992, and which stands on the banks of the South Saskatchewan River in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

After his departure from Government House, Hnatyshyn returned to practicing law at the firm of Gowling, Strathy & Henderson, where he had previously worked between 1989 and 1990. In 2002 he was installed as Chancellor of Carleton University in Ottawa, however, only months later, shortly before Christmas, Hnatyshyn died of pancreatitis. Per law, he lay-in-state for several days in the Senate chamber, and, though he was Ukrainian Orthodox, Hnatyshyn was commemorated on 23 December 2002 at Ottawa's Christ Church Cathedral, in a multi-faith ceremony that included the funeral rite of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – officiated by Archbishop Yurij, Bishop of Toronto, and the clergy of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – and a eulogy from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's chief correspondent, Peter Mansbridge.[5] Adrienne Clarkson, by that time the sitting governor general, paid tribute to one of her predecessors via video, as she and her husband were en route to the Persian Gulf to spend Christmas with Canadian troops stationed there.[6]. Hnatyshyn was then buried at Beechwood Cemetery in Ottawa.

On 16 March 2004, Canada Post unveiled at a ceremony attended by Hnatyshyn's widow, a CAD$0.49 postage stamp designed by Vancouver graphic artist Susan Mavor, and bearing the formal portrait of Hnatyshyn taken by Canadian Press photographer Paul Chaisson on the day Hnatyshyn became governor general, along with a tone-on-tone rendering of part of Hnatyshyn's coat of arms.

In 2006, a 48 minute documentary DVD examining the life of Ramon Hnatyshyn "A Man for All Canadians" was released in canada by IKOR Film (http://www.amanforallcanadians.com/) and funded by the OMNI Documentary Fund (http://www.omnitv.ca). The DVD was directed by Igor Loutsiouk and the executive producer was Iryna Korpan.

"A Man for All Canadians" http://www.amanforallcanadians.com/

Гнатишин Роман Іванович DVD Highlights http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xE5eM185Zbc

Titles, styles, honours, and arms

Titles

Viceregal styles of
Ray Hnatyshyn
Crest of the Governor-General of Canada.svg
Reference style His Excellency The Right Honourable
Son Excellence le très honorable
Spoken style Your Excellency
Votre Excellence
Alternative style Sir
Monsieur
  • 16 March 1934 – 4 June 1979: Mister Ramon Hnatyshyn
  • 4 June 1979 – 29 January 1990: The Honourable Ramon Hnatyshyn
  • 29 January 1990 – 8 February 1995: His Excellency The Right Honourable Ramon Hnatyshyn, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Canada
  • 8 February 1995 – 18 December 2002: The Right Honourable Ramon Hnatyshyn

Hnatyshyn's style and title as governor general was, in full, and in English: His Excellency The Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn, Chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order of Canada, Chancellor and Commander of the Order of Military Merit, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Canada, and in French: Son Excellence le très honorable Raymon John Hnatyshyn, chancelier et compagnon principal de l'ordre du Canada, chancelier et commandant de l'ordre du mérite militaire, gouverneur général et commandant en chef du Canada. It should be noted that, for Hnatyshyn, Commander-in-Chief was strictly a title, and not a position that he held; the actual commander-in-chief (who can also be, and is, called such) is perpetually the monarch of Canada.[7]

In his post-viceregal life, Hnatyshyn's style and title was, in English: The Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn, Companion of the Order of Canada, Commander of the Order of Military Merit, Member of the Order of New Brunswick, and in French: le très honorable Ramon John Hnatyshyn, compagnon de l'ordre du Canada, commandant de l'ordre du mérite militaire.

Honours

Ribbon bars of Ray Hnatyshyn
Order of Canada (CC) ribbon bar.png Order of Military Merit (Canada) ribbon (CMM).jpg Venerable Order of St John Ribbon 1.jpg Canada125 ribbon.png
QEII Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png CD-ribbon.png
Appointments
Medals
Foreign honours

Honorary military appointments

Honorary degrees

Monuments

Honorific eponyms

Awards
  • Canada Canada: Ramon John Hnatyshyn Cup
  • Canada Canada: Ramon John Hnatyshyn Award for Law
  • Canada Canada: Ramon John Hnatyshyn Award for Voluntarism in the Arts

Arms

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Governor General > Former Governors General > The Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/gg/fgg/bios/01/hnatyshyn_e.asp. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  2. ^ Privy Council Office (30 October 2008). "Information Resources > Current Chronological List of Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada > 1971 – 1980". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=information&sub=council-conseil&doc=members-membres/chronolog-eng.htm#1971-1980. Retrieved 2 March 2009.  
  3. ^ a b c "Indepth Backgrounder: Ramon John Hnatyshyn". CBC. http://www.cbc.ca/news/obit/hnatyshyn/. Retrieved 5 March 2009.  
  4. ^ Toffoli, Gary. "The Hnatyshyn Years". Monarchy Canada (Toronto: Fealty Enterprises) (Spring 1995). http://www.monarchist.ca/mc/hnatysh.htm. Retrieved 19 March 2009.  
  5. ^ "[coverage of the state funeral for former governor general Ray Hnatyshyn (Peter Mansbridge segment)]". [News]. 23 December 2002, 1 pm. Retrieved on 4 March 2009.
  6. ^ "[coverage of the state funeral for former governor general Ray Hnatyshyn (Adrienne Clarkson segment)]". [News]. 23 December 2002, 1 pm. Retrieved on 4 March 2009.
  7. ^ Victoria (29 March 1867), Constitution Act, 1867, III.15, Westminster: Queen's Printer, http://www.solon.org/Constitutions/Canada/English/ca_1867.html, retrieved 15 January 2009  
  8. ^ a b c d "Programs > Nation Builders > 2004 > Awards Recipients for 2004 > The Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn, P.C., C.C., C.M.M., C.D., Q.C.". Ukrainian Canadian Congress. http://www.ucc.sk.ca/programs/nbuilders/2004/index.html#NB06. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  9. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Honours > Order of Canada". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://gg.ca/honours/nat-ord/oc/index_e.asp. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  10. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Honours > Order of Military Merit". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://gg.ca/honours/nat-ord/omm/index_e.asp. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  11. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Honours > Insignia Worn by the Governor General". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/gg/rr/ins/index_e.asp. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  12. ^ "University of Saskatchewan Archives > University History > Honorary degree recipients". University of Saskatchewan. http://www.usask.ca/archives/history/hondegrees.php. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  13. ^ "HONORARY DEGREES". Queen's University. 15 December 2008. http://www.queensu.ca/secretariat/HDrecipients.pdf. Retrieved 7 March 2009.  
  14. ^ Memorial University of Newfoundland (20 October 1994). "Over 500 Degrees to be Conferred". Press release. http://www.mun.ca/marcomm/gazette/1994-95/Oct.20/news/n04-conv. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  15. ^ "University of Alberta Senate > Honorary Degrees > Past Honorary Degree Recipients > H". University of Alberta. http://www.uofaweb.ualberta.ca/senate/honorarydegreeslist.cfm#H. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  
  16. ^ University of Northern British Columbia (21 April 2005). "2005 Honorary Degree Recipients Named". Press release. http://www.unbc.ca/releases/2005/04_21honorary.html. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  
  17. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Heraldry > Emblems of Canada and of Government House > Symbols of Past Governors General > Symbolism of the Armorial Bearings of the Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/emb/05/emblems-rjn_e.asp. Retrieved 4 March 2009.  

External links

Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
New electoral district
Member of Parliament for Saskatoon West
1979 – 1988
Succeeded by
Electoral district abolished
Preceded by
Alfred Pullen Gleave
Member of Parliament for Saskatoon—Biggar
1974 – 1979
Succeeded by
Electoral district abolished
24th Ministry - Government of Brian Mulroney
Cabinet Posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
John Crosbie Minister of Justice
30 June 1986 – 7 December 1988
Joe Clark (acting)
Erik Nielsen President of the Privy Council
1985 – 1986
Don Mazankowski
21st Ministry - Government of Joe Clark
Cabinet Posts (1)
Predecessor Office Successor
Alastair Gillespie Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources
4 June 1979 – 2 March 1980
Marc Lalonde
Academic offices
Preceded by
Arthur Kroeger
Chancellor of Carleton University
2002
Succeeded by
Marc Garneau

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