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Raymond, Maine
—  Town  —
Village Square
Nickname(s): Home of the Landlocked Salmon
Raymond, Maine is located in Maine
Raymond, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 43°55′10″N 70°28′0″W / 43.91944°N 70.466667°W / 43.91944; -70.466667
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Incorporated 1803
Area
 - Total 46.2 sq mi (119.8 km2)
 - Land 33.2 sq mi (86.1 km2)
 - Water 13.0 sq mi (33.7 km2)
Elevation 312 ft (95 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 4,299
 - Density 129.3/sq mi (49.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04071
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-61945
GNIS feature ID 0582692

Raymond is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 4,299 at the 2000 census. It is a summer recreation area and is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. Raymond Neck is the landing for the ferry to the town of Frye Island in Sebago Lake.

Contents

History

Meadow Road in c. 1909

Raymondtown Plantation was granted in 1767 by the Massachusetts General Court to the descendants of Captain William Raymond of Beverly, Massachusetts and his militia. It was the second attempt to repay the troop (or heirs) for service under Governor Sir William Phipps during the Battle of Quebec in 1690. A township had been awarded them in 1735 called Beverly-Canada (now Weare, New Hampshire), but in 1741 descendants of John Mason proved a prior claim.

The township at Sebago Lake was given to the Beverly Proprietors as compensation. It was first settled in 1770 by Captain Joseph Dingley and Dominicus Jordan of Cape Elizabeth, although most families arrived after the Revolutionary War. It was on the stage route to Bridgton. On June 21, 1803, the Raymondtown Plantation was incorporated as Raymond, named in honor of Captain Raymond. In 1829, land was annexed to help form the new town of Naples, and in 1841, Casco was set off and incorporated as a town.

The town provided agriculture and lumber products for Portland and other cities. Panther Run, which drains Panther Pond, provided water power for industry. Raymond village grew near the mills, which included a gristmill, sawmill, plaster mill, a stave factory and a children's sled factory. From about 1812 until 1825, Nathaniel Hawthorne lived in Raymond with his siblings and widowed mother. His later writings would reminisce about his boyhood hiking in the woods or fishing in the lake.

Notable residents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.2 square miles (119.8 km²), of which, 33.2 square miles (86.1 km²) of it is land and 13.0 square miles (33.6 km²) of it (28.09%) is water. Raymond village is located at the head of Jordan Bay on Sebago Lake.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 302 and state routes 85 and 121. It borders Gray and Windham to the southeast, Casco to the northwest, and New Gloucester and Poland to the northeast. Frye Island is to the south in Sebago Lake.

Demographics

Jordan River in 1906

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,299 people, 1,616 households, and 1,255 families residing in the town. The population density was 129.3 people per square mile (49.9/km²). There were 2,534 housing units at an average density of 76.2/sq mi (29.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.39% White, 0.40% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population.

There were 1,616 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 2.96.

Frye's Leap in c. 1905

In the town the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $52,224, and the median income for a family was $56,118. Males had a median income of $35,962 versus $30,662 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,193. About 3.4% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

References

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 43°54′05″N 70°28′13″W / 43.90139°N 70.47028°W / 43.90139; -70.47028








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