The Full Wiki

More info on Raymond Hamers

Raymond Hamers: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Raymond Hamers is a professor at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Brussels, Belgium). He discovered a special type of antibodies: Nanobodies

In 1989 a group of biologists led by Raymond Hamers at the Free University investigated an odd observation handed in as part of a student project on how dromedary camels (the one-humped, Arabian variety) and water buffalo fight off parasites. One of the tests for antibodies in the dromedary blood seemed to show an error: in addition to normal four-chain antibodies, it indicated the presence of simpler antibodies composed solely of a pair of heavy chains.

See also


  • Hamers-Casterman C, Atarhouch T, Muyldermans S, Robinson G, Hamers C, Songa EB, Bendahman N, Hamers R., Naturally occurring antibodies devoid of light chains, Nature. 1993 Jun 3;363(6428):446-8.
  • Matthyssens G et al., Two variant surface glycoproteins of Trypanosoma brucei have a conserved C-terminus, Nature, 293, 230-233, 1981
  • Strosberg AD et al., A rabbit with the allotypic phenotype: ala2a3 b4b5b6, J Immunol, 113, 1313-1318, 1974


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address