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Raymondville, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Raymondville, Texas
Coordinates: 26°28′53″N 97°46′59″W / 26.48139°N 97.78306°W / 26.48139; -97.78306
Country United States
State Texas
County Willacy
Area
 - Total 3.8 sq mi (9.8 km2)
 - Land 3.8 sq mi (9.8 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 9,733
 - Density 2,564.4/sq mi (990.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78580, 78598
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-60836[1]
GNIS feature ID 1377181[2]

Raymondville is a city in and the county seat of Willacy County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 9,733 at the 2000 census.

Raymondville was formed in 1904 by Edward Burleson Raymond, a foreman of the El Sauz Ranch portion of the King Ranch and owner of the Las Majadas Ranch. [4]

It is the site of a large federal holding center for illegal immigrants.[5]

Contents

Geography

Raymondville is located at 26°28′53″N 97°46′59″W / 26.48139°N 97.78306°W / 26.48139; -97.78306 (26.481464, -97.783013)[6] and is known as the "Gateway to the Rio Grande Valley." According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km²), all of it land.

Soils are mostly clay or sandy clay loams which are well drained or moderately well drained. Some fine sandy loams underlie the eastern part of town. These have near neutral pH. Other parts of town have moderately alkaline, somewhat saline soils. Around the southern edge of town is an area of strong salinity which imposes limitations on farmers and gardeners.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 9,733 people, 2,514 households, and 2,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,564.4 people per square mile (988.9/km²). There were 2,842 housing units at an average density of 748.8/sq mi (288.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.91% White, 3.91% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 23.29% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 86.63% of the population.

There were 2,514 households out of which 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.8% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.45 and the average family size was 3.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 117.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,729, and the median income for a family was $23,799. Males had a median income of $20,034 versus $14,502 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,910. About 32.7% of families and 36.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.0% of those under age 18 and 30.7% of those age 65 or over.

Famous residents

  • Singer Angela Via (1981-) was born and raised in Raymondville.
  • Musician Noe J. Falcon (March 25, 1942- ) was born in Raymondville and was raised in Corpus Christi.
  • World War II hero Joseph R. Campbell (1921-2000) was born and graduated from high school in Raymondville.
  • Emeterio Rivas III (1966- ), long-time resident of Raymondville, has appeared on the BBC's Kids behind Bars. Wife San Juanita Cruz is Raymondville native.
  • United States Navy Veteran (Rodolfo Delgado) (January 02, 1971- ) was born and raised in Raymondville, was assigned to the Aircraft Carrier U.S.S. Lexington when it was relocated from Pensacola, Florida to Corpus Christi, Texas.

Weather disasters

The most memorable natural disaster to occur in Raymondville was 1967's Hurricane Beulah, a category 5 hurricane at peak intensity. Beulah made landfall in southern Texas as a category 3 storm.

Films

Raymondville's history was the subject of the film, Valley of Tears. The movie visits the Mexican-American community that had worked the onion fields of rural south Texas in three different eras, observing how the seeds of change planted 20 years ago seem ready to bear fruit today. Politicians, and officials interviewed in the film include Larry Spence, Juan Guerra, Paul Whitworth, Wetegrove families, Dr. Allan Spence and school board and city council members.[7]

References

External links

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