Red-violet: Wikis

  
  

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Red-violet
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #C71585
RGBB (r, g, b) (199, 21, 133)
HSV (h, s, v) (322°, 89%, 78%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Red-violet is a rich color of high medium saturation about 3/4 of the way between red and magenta, closer to magenta than to red. It is classified in color theory as one of the purple colors--a non-spectral color between red and violet. Both its saturation and brightness falling short of 100 %, red-violet is not a pure chroma. There is a color of similar hue that, however, that comes close to being a pure chroma: process magenta. The pure chroma color composed of equal parts of magenta and red is called rose.

In the usage of artists, red-violet is equivalent to purple. However, although the color "purple" is inaccurately used by many people as a synonym for violet or a color close to violet, professional artists generally use the term "purple" to specifically refer to a pigment color that is equivalent to red-violet in order to give themselves a larger and more balanced palette of pigments to work with.

The Munsell color system also refers to red-violet as purple; actually in the Munsell color system, this color at the maximum chroma of 12 is called Red-Purple. This convention is for chromatic purposes, since Red-Purple lies between violet and printer's magenta (the color regarded as magenta before the invention of the color electric magenta for computer displays).

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Relationship of red-violet to other colors

Red-violet is part of the red "analogous color group", which also includes magenta, red, red-orange, orange, gold, and yellow, i.e. those colors classified as "Warm colors", or colors that produces a feeling of warmth (as opposed to "cool colors").

The color that is the complement of red-violet, mint green, lies halfway between green and spring green. It is very close to sea green, but highly saturated, and of a bright hue.

In some traditional usage, red-violet is the name given to an intermediate or tertiary color that, along with yellow-orange (gold) and also green-blue (cyan), forms a color wheel triad group. However, most contemporary usage would use magenta as the name for the tertiary color in question.

Variations of red-violet or artist's purple

Pigment purple (pigment red-violet) (web color medium violet red)

Red-violet
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #C71585
RGBB (r, g, b) (199, 21, 133)
HSV (h, s, v) (322°, 89%, 78%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Pigment purple (pigment red-violet) represents the way the color purple (red-violet) was always reproduced in pigments, paints, or colored pencils in the 1950s. This color is displayed at right and identical to the web color medium violet red.

By the 1970s, because of the advent of psychedelic art, artists became used to brighter pigments, and pigments called "Purple" or "Red-Violet" that are the pigment equivalent of the electric purple reproduced in the section below became available in artists pigments and colored pencils. Reproducing the electric purple below in pigment requires adding some white pigment to red-violet pigment.

Electric purple (electric red-violet)

Electric purple
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #BF00FF
RGBB (r, g, b) (191, 0, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (285°, 100%, 80%)
Source HTML Color Chart @285
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Since using computers, it is possible to create a much brighter purple than with pigment, the equivalent color on a computer to the pigment color red-violet shown above would be electric purple, i.e. the much brighter purple you can see reproduced on the screen of an electronic computer. This color is pure purple conceived as computer artists conceive it, as the pure chroma on the computer screen color wheel between electric violet and electric magenta.

Psychedelic purple

Psychedelic purple
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #DD00FF
RGBB (r, g, b) (221, 0, 255)
HSV (h, s, v) (290°, 100%, 92%)
Source Colour Lovers
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The pure essence of purple was approximated in pigment in the late 1960s by mixing fluorescent magenta and fluorescent blue pigments together to paint psychedelic black light paintings. This shade of purple was very popular among hippies and it was the favorite color of Jimi Hendrix and therefore it is called psychedelic purple. It is shaded somewhat more toward the magenta than electric purple and it is displayed in the color box at right.

In the 1980s there was a Jimi Hendrix Museum in a Victorian house on the east side of Central Ave. one half block south of Haight Street in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco which was painted this color.

Medium red-violet

Medium red-violet
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #BB3385
RGBB (r, g, b) (187, 51, 133)
HSV (h, s, v) (322°, 79%, 83%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color medium red-violet is displayed at right.

This is the color called red-violet when found in crayons made by Crayola.


Pale red-violet (web color pale violet red)

Pale red-violet
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #DB7093
RGBB (r, g, b) (219, 112, 147)
HSV (h, s, v) (322°, 69%, 88%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color pale red-violet (identical to the web color pale violet red) is displayed at right.

This color is a pale shade of red-violet.

Jazzberry jam

Jazzberry Jam
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #A50B5E
RGBB (r, g, b) (165, 11, 94)
HSV (h, s, v) (322°, 90%, 47%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color jazzberry jam is displayed at right.

This color, a deep shade of red-violet, was formulated by Crayola crayons in 2003.

Eggplant

Eggplant
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Color coordinates —
Hex triplet #614051
RGBB (r, g, b) (97, 64, 81)
HSV (h, s, v) (320°, 100%, 50%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Eggplant is a dark purple[1] or brownish-purple[2] color that resembles the color of the outer skin of European eggplants.[3] Another name for the color eggplant is aubergine[2] (the French and English UK word for eggplant).

The grayish-red-violet color shown in the color box as eggplant was introduced by Crayola in 1998.

References

  1. ^ David Grambs (1995). The Describer's Dictionary: A Treasury of Terms and Literary Quotations. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0393312658. http://books.google.com/books?id=DjL6ByAcP6IC&pg=PA159&dq=eggplant+brownish-purple&as_brr=3&ei=drgfScWmLpDckATDyeXhDw#PPA159,M1.  
  2. ^ a b William Yewdale Adams (1986). Ceramic Industries of Medieval Nubia. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813105005. http://books.google.com/books?id=yuSQSPlcKgAC&pg=RA1-PA591&dq=aubergine+eggplant+color&ei=K7YfSZiwK4bokATxoqiyDw.  
  3. ^ Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachuetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster Page 369

See also


Simple English

This box shows the color red violet.
 

Red-violet is a deep shade of rosy magenta. It may also be considered a reddish shade of purple or a bluish shade of rose.

On the old fashioned, now obsolete red-yellow-blue pigment color wheel (in which red, yellow, and blue were regarded as the primary colors and orange, green, and violet were regarded as the secondary colors), red-violet was a tertiary color between red and violet on the red-yellow-blue pigment color wheel and thus was the equivalent of pigment purple. The other tertiary colors on a red-yellow-blue (RYB) color wheel were called blue-violet, blue-green, yellow-green, yellow-orange, and red-orange.

The RYB color wheel is still often used to teach color to children.


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Meaning of red-violet

Electric purple observed on spectrum beyond violet by ultraviolet sensitives

It has been reported by ophthalmologists that those who have their lenses removed and replaced with clear plastic intraocular lenses can see partway into the ultraviolet and view electric purple (a tone of red-violet) on the spectrum beyond Violet because it has been shown that the retina has some ultraviolet sensitivity which is normally blocked by the natural lens. Presumably, tetrachromatic animals such as birds can also see this color on the spectrum. These observers able to see partially into the ultraviolet describe the color they can see beyond violet in the ultraviolet as a sort of lilac, that is, a reddish-violet (purple) color that is the color of the lilac flower. (Presumably this color that they see would be electric purple, since electric purple is a pure chroma on the color wheel and would presumably be the color we would see on the spectrum beyond violet if we could see into the ultraviolet.) [1]

Comparison of red, red-violet, and violet

Note: The spectrum colors can only be approximated on a computer screen but the colors shown below are a close approximation of the spectral colors red and violet, shown compared to the non-spectral color red-violet (a deep tone of the color magenta tending toward rose).

  • RED (Hex: #FF0000) (RGB: 255, 0, 0)
  • RED-VIOLET (web color Medium Violet-Red) (Hex: #C71585) (RGB: 199, 21, 133)
  • VIOLET (Electric Violet) (Hex: #9F00FF) (RGB: 143, 0, 255)

Tones of red-violet color comparison chart

  • Pale Red-Violet (web color Pale Violet-Red) (Hex: #DB7093) (RGB: 219, 112, 147)
  • Persian Lilac (Hex: #C17E91) (RGB: 193, 126, 145)
  • Lilac (Hex: #CBA2C8) (RGB: 200, 162, 200)
  • Orchid (web color) (Hex: #DA70D6) (RGB: 218, 112, 240) (CMYK: 0,49,2,15)
  • Heliotrope (Hex: #DF73FF) (RGB: 223, 115, 255)
  • Psychedelic Purple (Hex: #DD00FF) (RGB: 221, 0, 255)
  • Electric Purple (Hex: #C400FF) (RGB: 191, 0, 255)
  • Deep Lilac (Hex: #9955BB) (RGB: 153, 85, 187)
  • Medium Orchid (web color) (Hex: #BA55D3) (RGB: 183, 85, 211)
  • Byzantine (Hex:BD33A4) (RGB: 189, 51, 164)
  • Deep Magenta Rose (Hex:C120A2) (RGB: 193, 32, 162)
  • Royal Fuchsia (Hex: #CA2C92) (RGB: 202, 44, 146)
  • RED-VIOLET (web color Medium Violet-Red) (Hex: #C71585) (RGB: 199, 21, 133)
  • Medium Red-Violet (Crayola Red-Violet) (Crayola) (Hex: #BB3385) (RGB: 187, 51, 133)
  • Hibiscus (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #B6316C) (RGB: 182, 49, 108)
  • Royal Heath (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #AB3472) (RGB: 171, 52, 114)
  • Night Shadz (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #AA375A) (RGB: 170, 55, 90)
  • Jazzberry Jam (Crayola) (Hex: #A50B5E) (RGB: 165, 11, 94)
  • Red-Violet Eggplant (Hex: #990066) (RGB: 153, 0, 102)
  • Disco (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #871550) (RGB: 135, 21, 80)
  • Pansy Purple (Hex: #78184A) (RGB: 120, 24, 74)
  • Cosmic (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #763950) (RGB: 118, 57, 93)
  • Nightclub (Xona.com Color List) (Hex: #660045) (RGB: 102, 0, 69)
  • Eggplant (Crayola) (Aubergine) (Hex: #614051) (RGB: 97, 64, 81)
  • Purple Taupe (Hex: #50404D) (RGB: 80, 64, 77)
ColorsList of colors
Cyan Magenta Black Gray Silver White
Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
Gold Olive Purple Navy Brown Pink

References

  1. Humans Who Have Ultraviolet Vision:

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