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Red Ruffing
Born: May 3, 1905(1905-05-03)
Granville, Illinois
Died: February 17, 1986 (aged 80)
Mayfield Heights, Ohio
Batted: Right Threw: Right 
MLB debut
May 31, 1924 for the Boston Red Sox
Last MLB appearance
September 15, 1947 for the Chicago White Sox
Career statistics
Win-Loss record     273-225
Earned run average     3.80
Strikeouts     1,987
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction     1967
Vote     86.93% (fifteenth ballot)

Charles Herbert "Red" Ruffing (May 3, 1905 - February 17, 1986) was a Major League Baseball pitcher most remembered for his time with the highly successful New York Yankees teams of the 1930s and 1940s. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1967.

Major league career

Born in Granville, Illinois, Ruffing suffered the loss of four toes on his left foot in a freak mine accident in Coalton, Illinois as a youth. Subsequently converted from an outfielder to a pitcher, he made his major league debut in 1924 with the Boston Red Sox, pitching without a decision over 23 innings of work. He saw regular playing time with the Sox over the next few years but had limited success. His best year, in terms of earned run performance, came in 1928, when he posted a respectable 3.89 ERA; however, he also received abysmal offensive support and consequently suffered 25 losses to only 10 wins.

Ruffing's career was revived by a mid-season trade in 1930 which sent him to the New York Yankees. Buoyed by the offensive production of greats Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig, he won 15 games after the trade despite a hefty 4.14 ERA. Ruffing eventually turned into an ace, winning 20 games or more four times in a row from 1936 to 1939, and striking out a league high 190 batters in 1932. He regularly contended for the ERA crown, twice posting ERAs under 3.00, and appeared in seven World Series, won six (1932, 1936-1939 and 1941), and posted a 7-2 career post-season record with a 2.63 ERA.

On August 13, 1932, Red Ruffing threw a complete game shutout and hit a 10th inning home run off Washington Senators pitcher Al Thomas to give the New York Yankees a 1-0 victory. ([1]). Though Ruffing was not the first to achieve the feat, through the 2006 season, no major league pitcher has since thrown a complete game shutout and hit a home run in a 1-0 game. Ruffing is one of only three pitchers in major league history to win a game 1-0, hit a home run in the game, and strike out ten or more batters. The others are Early Wynn, who achieved the feat in 1957, and Yovani Gallardo, who did it in 2009.

After missing the 1943 and 1944 seasons due to the war, Ruffing was forty, and nearing the end of his career, upon returning in 1945. After moving to the Chicago White Sox in 1947, he retired. He finished his career with 273 wins, 225 losses, 1987 strikeouts and a 3.80 ERA. Ruffing was also an accomplished hitter, hitting 36 home runs and batting .269 in 1937 career at-bats.

At an Old Timers Day Ceremony on July 10, 2004, the Yankees dedicated a plaque in his memory in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium.

A museum in Nokomis, Illinois is dedicated to Ruffing and fellow Hall of Famers Ray Schalk and Jim Bottomley.

See also

External links

Preceded by
Lefty Grove
American League Strikeout Champion
Succeeded by
Lefty Gomez
Preceded by
Lefty Gomez
American League Wins Champion
Succeeded by
Bob Feller


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