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Redmond, Oregon
—  City  —
Motto: The Heart of Central Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°16′8″N 121°11′1″W / 44.26889°N 121.18361°W / 44.26889; -121.18361Coordinates: 44°16′8″N 121°11′1″W / 44.26889°N 121.18361°W / 44.26889; -121.18361
Country United States
State Oregon
County Deschutes
Incorporated 1910
Government
 - Mayor George Endicott
Area
 - Total 10.2 sq mi (26.5 km2)
 - Land 10.2 sq mi (26.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,077 ft (938 m)
Population (2008)
 - Total 25,445 (est)
 - Density 1,316.7/sq mi (508.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97756
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-61200[1]
GNIS feature ID 1125912[2]
Website www.ci.redmond.or.us

The City of Redmond Oregon, incorporated on July 6, 1910, is located on the eastern side of Oregon's Cascade Range and is considered the geographical heart of Central Oregon, within easy access to a multitude of recreational opportunities including mountain biking, fishing, hiking, camping, rock climbing, white-water rafting, skiing, and golf. Redmond is a progressive full-service municipality and one of the fastest growing industrial and residential communities in the State of Oregon. Redmond had a population of 13,481 in 2000 and has grown to an estimated population of 25,445 residents[3]; the growth rate continues to be about 8% per year. This High Desert community encompasses 15 1/2 square miles (approx. 9,974 acres) and is located on a flat plateau, at an elevation of 3,077 feet above sea level. Redmond is 15 miles north of Bend, the county seat for Deschutes County; 144 miles from Portland; 129 miles from Salem, the State Capital; and 126 miles from Eugene.

Contents

History

Oregon had been a State for 45 years by the time Frank and Josephine Redmond pitched their first homestead tent near the area that would later take on their name in 1905. With these agricultural roots, the city was platted by an irrigation company building a major canal project. In 1911, a year after the town was incorporated; electrification reached Redmond as well as the Oregon Trunk Line Railroad, which opened new markets for farmers and merchants in the area. By 1930 the town grew to 1,000 people, and ten years later population had nearly doubled. During the 1940s Redmond was selected as a U.S. Army Air Base and commercial air service was established at Roberts Field after World War II. The following three decades (1950s, 60s, 70s) and most of the 80s the town's population remained relatively static, growing slowly around a small commercial/retail center and manufacturing industry. However, during the 1990s the town's population began to grow along with most of Deschutes County. Between 2000 and 2006, Redmond's population grew by 74.3% making it among Oregon's fastest growing incorporated cities each year. This rapid growth has continued through 2006, 11.3% this past year, increasing the population to 23,500. Its growth is fueled by employment, comparatively lower cost of living, and great quality of life.

Geography

Redmonds elevation is 3,077 feet (938 m).

Redmond is located 15 miles north of Bend on U.S. Highway 97, and 2 miles south of Smith Rock. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.5 square miles (29.5 km²), all of it land. Because of its high elevation, Redmond's climate is considered high desert.

The Horse Lava Tube System enters the city of Redmond at the point of the Redmond Caves. The lava flow that created the system continues on into the Redmond Canyon and beyond.[4][5]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 216
1920 585 170.8%
1930 994 69.9%
1940 1,876 88.7%
1950 2,956 57.6%
1960 3,340 13.0%
1970 3,721 11.4%
1980 6,452 73.4%
1990 7,163 11.0%
2000 13,481 88.2%
source:[6][7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 13,481 people, 5,260 households, and 3,618 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,316.7 people per square mile (508.3/km²). There were 5,584 housing units at an average density of 545.4/sq mi (210.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.72% White, 0.09% African American, 1.16% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.48% of the population.

There were 5,260 households, out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,701, and the median income for a family was $41,481. Males had a median income of $31,940 versus $23,508 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,286. About 6.6% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

A major employer is the Redmond Air Center, located at the Redmond Airport. This is a Forest Service smoke-jumping, firefighting and training installation.

PCC-Schlosser is one example of the growing manufacturing sector in Redmond, employing over 200 in the manufacture of Titanium castings for the aerospace and medical markets.

T-Mobile Inc. has a call center in Redmond which employs more than 700 employees.[8]

The Redmond Spokesman newspaper is the city's oldest continuously operating business, printing its first issue July 14, 1910. Publishers Henry and Clara Palmer moved their press for the Laidlaw Chronicle to Redmond, competing with the existing Oregon Hub and Enterprise newspapers, now defunct.[9]

The Eagle Crest Resort, located six miles west Redmond, is one of eight destination resorts as defined by Oregon's Department of Land Conservation and Development. Eagle Crest is one of Redmond's major employers, and one of Deschutes County's largest corporate tax payers.[10]

Education

The Redmond School District encompasses 556 square miles and operates 10 schools: 7 elementary schools along with 2 middle schools and 1 high school. Redmond's total enrollment on September 26, 2006 was 6,892. Elementary schools serve grades K-5, middle school grades 6-8 and high school 9-12. A new high school is in the process of being built.

Climate

Redmonds's climate is typical of the high desert with cool nights and sunny days. Annual precipitation averages between 8 in (200 mm) and 10 inches (250 mm), which is part of the average snowfall of 24 in (610 mm). The winter season in Redmond provides typical daytime temperatures between 35 °F (2 °C) and 50 °F (10 °C). Average nighttime temperatures range anywhere from 20 °F (−7 °C) to 40 °F (4 °C). According to the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, the average annual minimum temperature in Redmond is −5 °F (−20.6 °C) to −10 °F (−23.3 °C).[11]

A typical Central Oregon summer is marked with daily temperatures around 80 °F (27 °C) to 90 °F (32 °C) during the day, and around 40 °F (4 °C) to 50 °F (10 °C) during the night. Hard frosts are not unheard of during the summer months. Autumn usually brings warm, dry days and cooler nights. According to the Western Regional Climate Center of the Desert Research Institute, the mean of the monthly average maximum temperatures in July, the hottest month in Redmond, between 1928 and 2006 was 82.09 °F (27.83 °C).[12]

Redmond's growing season is quite short due to a brief frost-free period. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Resources Conservation Service, in half of the years between 1971 and 2000, the USDA weather station in Redmond recorded the last below-freezing temperatures after July 3 and the first below-freezing temperatures before August 31.[13]

Transportation

Passenger Terminal
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Air

Redmond is the operator of the region's only commercial airline service airport, Roberts Field. Carriers include Horizon Airlines, Skywest Airlines (flying as both United Express and Delta Connection) and Allegiant Airlines provide direct service to Portland, Seattle, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Las Vegas and Mesa, Arizona. The U.S. Forest Service operates an air base and training center for firefighting, and Butler Aircraft, a fixed-base operator, flies DC-7 aircraft for firefighting efforts.

Highways

Redmond lies at the intersection of U.S. Route 126 and U.S. Route 97. The latter runs on an expressway alignment through the city known as the Redmond Parkway.

Rail

A BNSF mainline runs north-south through the city; there are numerous spurs off of the mainline which serve industrial rail customers. The closest Amtrak service is in the town of Chemult, approximately 75 miles (121 km) to the south; this station is served by the Coast Starlight route.

Points of interest

Natural history

Some of Redmond's landmark desert flora include:

  • The Juniper tree, which dots the surrounding brush/desert.
  • The Sagebrush, a medium high bush which is abundant in undeveloped areas.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Certified Population Estimates for Oregon's Cities and Towns". Population Research Center. Portland State University. March 2009. http://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.prc/files/media_assets/PopRpt08c2.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-29.  
  4. ^ Skeels (2009-02-13). "Horse Lava Tube System". http://www.ohdgrotto.com/horse.html. Retrieved 2009-07-05.  
  5. ^ Champion, Duane E. (2002-05-14, abstract), Mapping Newberry Volcano's Extensive North Flank Basalts, http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002CD/finalprogram/abstract_34405.htm, retrieved 2009-07-27  
  6. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 215.
  7. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-41.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-29.  
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Images of America:Redmond"|Leslie Pugmire Hole |Trish Pinkerton |2009 |Arcadia |Chicago |isbn 13-978-0-7385-7089-1 |page 94 |
  10. ^ Williams, Steve, "The Expansion of Oregon’s Destination Resorts", WorkSource Oregon, www.qualityinfo.org, Oregon Employment Department, Salem, Oregon, 29 March 2007.
  11. ^ USNA - USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map: North-West US
  12. ^ Monthly Average Maximum Temperature, BEND, OREGON
  13. ^ National Water & Climate Center - Climate Information

External links


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