Reds (film): Wikis

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Reds

movie poster
Directed by Warren Beatty
Produced by Warren Beatty
Written by Screenplay:
Warren Beatty
Trevor Griffiths
Uncredited:
Elaine May
Jeremy Pikser
Peter S. Feibleman
Starring Warren Beatty
Diane Keaton
Jack Nicholson
Paul Sorvino
Maureen Stapleton
Gene Hackman
Edward Herrmann
Music by Stephen Sondheim
Dave Grusin
Cinematography Vittorio Storaro
Editing by Dede Allen
Craig McKay
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date(s) December 4, 1981
Running time 194 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Russian
German
Budget $35,000,000 US (est.)

Reds is a 1981 American epic film that was co-written, produced, directed by, and starring Warren Beatty. It centers on the life of John Reed, the revolutionary communist, journalist, and writer who chronicled the Russian Revolution in his book Ten Days that Shook the World and who, in 1920, less than two years after writing his classic of romantic reporting, and a few days before his thirty-third birthday, died in Moscow of typhus and a stroke. Beatty stars in the lead role alongside Diane Keaton and Jack Nicholson.

The supporting cast of the film includes Edward Herrmann, Jerzy Kosinski, Paul Sorvino, Maureen Stapleton, Gene Hackman, Ramon Bieri, Nicolas Coster and M. Emmet Walsh. The film also features, as "witnesses", interviews with the celebrated radical educator and peace activist 98-year old Scott Nearing (1883-1983), author Dorothy Frooks (1896-1997), reporter and author George Seldes (1890-1995), and the American writer Henry Miller (1891-1980), among others. Beatty was awarded the Oscar for Best Director for the film. Reds was also nominated for Best Picture, but lost to Chariots of Fire.

In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed its "Ten Top Ten"–the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres–after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Reds was acknowledged as the ninth best film in the epic genre.[1][2]

Contents

Production

Warren Beatty came across the story of John Reed in the mid-1960s and executive producer and film editor Dede Allen remembers Beatty mentioning making a film about Reed's life as early as 1966. Later, in the 1970s Beatty began to write the early drafts of what would become Reds, but the process stalled. In 1976, Beatty found a suitable collaborator in Trevor Griffiths who began work but was delayed when his wife died in a plane crash.[3] The preliminary draft of the script was finished in 1978, but Beatty still had problems with it. Beatty and Griffiths spent four and a half months on fixing it, though Beatty's friend Elaine May would also collaborate on the script.

Beatty originally had no intention of acting in the film or even directing it because he had learned on various projects that producing a film alone is a difficult task. He considered John Lithgow for the part of John Reed because the two looked similar but eventually Beatty decided to act in the film and direct it himself. Jack Nicholson was cast as Eugene O'Neill over James Taylor and Sam Shepard.[3]

When principal photography began in August 1979 the original intention was for a 15- to 16-week shoot, but it ultimately took one whole year to just shoot the film. The process was slow because it was shot in five different countries and at various points the crew had to wait for snow to fall in Helsinki (and other parts of Finland), which stood in for the Soviet Union, and for rain to stop in Spain. Beatty would also not stop the camera between takes and would have it continuously roll. He also insisted on a large number of takes. Paul Sorvino said he did as many as 70 takes for one scene and actress Maureen Stapleton had to do 80 takes of one particular scene which caused her to quip to Beatty, "Are you out of your fucking mind?"[3]

Diane Keaton and Beatty's romantic relationship also began to deteriorate during the filming. As Peter Biskind writing about the making of Reds said, "Beatty's relationship with Keaton barely survived the shoot. It is always a dicey proposition when an actress works with a star or director – both, in this case – with whom she has an offscreen relationship. ... Keaton appeared in more scenes than any other actor, save Beatty, and many of them were difficult ones, where she had to assay a wide range of feelings, from romantic passion to anger, and deliver several lengthy, complex, emotional speeches. George Plimpton once observed, "Diane almost got broken. I thought [Beatty] was trying to break her into what Louise Bryant had been like with John Reed." Executive producer Simon Relph adds, "It must have been a strain on their relationship, because he was completely obsessive, relentless."[3]

The editing process began in spring of 1980 with as many as 65 people working on editing down and going over approximately two and a half million feet of film.[3] Post-production ended in November 1981 more than two years after the start of filming. Paramount stated that the final cost of the film was $33.5 million dollars, which would be the rough equivalent of around $80 million today.[3] To date, Reds is the most recent film to receive Academy Award nominations in all four acting categories.

Soundtrack

The film introduced the song "Goodbye For Now", written by Stephen Sondheim. The song was later recorded by Barbra Streisand for "The Movie Album" (2003).

Critical response

The film was reviewed by the eminent critic Pauline Kael in The New Yorker. "Reds represents an enormous amount of dedication and intelligence. But it's rather a sad movie, because it isn't really very good. There's clear evidence of what's missing. In order to brief the audience on what the Greenwich Village bohemians of the 1915-20 period were all about—how the stimulus came from a combination of new ideas about art and sex and politics—Beatty includes documentary footage of survivors from that era. Some thirty-two contemporaries, associates of, or acquaintances of John Reed and his wife, Louise Bryant, speak to an offscreen interviewer and give us quick impressions of Reed and Bryant and those times. What works against the movie is that they are all much peppier and more vital than the actors. These witnesses had an exhilarating youth, and even now, crumbling before our eyes, they're still enjoying themselves. Most of them are spirited talkers, for whom words and ideas have the excitement of wonderful, sensuous toys. When Beatty as Reed and Diane Keaton as Louise Bryant drop a bit of political information, their voices go dead, as if they didn't expect anyone to be listening. Beatty could be reciting from a manual, and Keaton might be dubbed—the words don't seem related to anything going on in her head. Louise Bryant is presented as a tiresome, pettishly hostile woman—dissatisfied because she isn't taken seriously but not giving anyone reason to take her seriously. In technique, Reds is the least radical, the least innovative epic you can imagine. Its saving grace is the beauty (and surprise) of Warren Beatty's solemn high intentions. In an almost childlike way, he vindicates the old Communist Left: the picture says that promises that couldn't be kept are not the same as promises broken."[4]

However the movie holds a very high rating on the website Rotton Tomatoes, scoring well at 94%. The review stated that, "At a time when Ronald Reagan had just become the president of the United States, Beatty's sympathetic portrait of notorious American communist John Reed seemed even more daring. Yet, as it continues to age, the film only continues to grow in relevance, assuring its rightful place at the top of the Hollywood canon".[5]

Cast

Actor Historical character
Warren Beatty John Silas "Jack" Reed
Diane Keaton Louise Bryant
Edward Herrmann Max Eastman
Jerzy Kosinski Grigory Zinoviev
Jack Nicholson Eugene O'Neill
Paul Sorvino Louis C. Fraina
Maureen Stapleton Emma Goldman
Nicolas Coster Paul Trullinger
William Daniels Julius Gerber
M. Emmet Walsh Speaker - Liberal Club
Ian Wolfe Mr. Partlow
Bessie Love Mrs. Partlow
MacIntyre Dixon Carl Walters
Pat Starr Helen Walters
Eleanor D. Wilson Margaret Green Reed (mother)
Max Wright Floyd Dell
George Plimpton Horace Whigham
Harry Ditson Maurice Becker
Leigh Curran Ida Rauh
Kathryn Grody Crystal Eastman
Dolph Sweet Big Bill Haywood
Gene Hackman Pete Van Wherry
Nancy Duiguid Jane Heap
Dave King Allan L. Benson
Roger Sloman Vladimir Lenin
Stuart Richman Leon Trotsky
Oleg Kerensky Alexander Kerensky
John J. Hooker Senator Overman
Jan Triska Karl Radek

The Witnesses

Some are very well known, others less so.

Awards and honors

The movie won Academy Awards for:[6]

and was nominated for:

Notes

External links

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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Reds is a 1981 film.

Contents

John Reed

  • Economic freedom for women means sexual freedom, and sexual freedom means birth control...

Others

  • Interviewee: I said, I think, that a guy who's always interested in the condition of the world and changing it either has no problems of his own or refuses to face them.
  • Interviewee: Kerensky was anxious to conduct it [World War I], produce some battalions of women who were going to go and fight.
  • Interviewee: We all have problems, don't you know? But to take on the problem of all humanity, to save all humanity, my God, that was too big even for Jesus Christ.

Dialogue

Lee Slater Overman: ...are there no decent, God-fearing Christians among the Bolsheviks?
Louise Bryant: Does one have to be God-fearing and Christian to be decent?

External links

Wikipedia
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