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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The word regime (occasionally spelled "régime") refers to a set of conditions, most often of a political nature. It may also be used synonymously with regimen, for example in the phrases "exercise regime" or "medical regime".[1]

Contents

Politics

In politics, a regime is the form of government: the set of rules, cultural or social norms, etc. that regulate the operation of government and its interactions with society. For instance, the United States has one of the oldest regimes still active in the world, dating to the ratification of its Constitution in 1789. Although modern usage often gives the term a negative connotation, like an authoritarian one, Webster's definition clearly states that the word "regime" refers simply to a form of government.[2]

The term is also used to distinguish what is actually being enforced from what is considered legitimate. Enforcement of an unconstitutional statute would be a regime but not a law.

State and statute: In general where people are made to statute and salute the government on a daily basis or live under the government's guidelines where idealism took dictative roles is a regime. In a regime, over time, ideological warfares dogmatize thought, replace politics with its own interests, and carries a large presence of hardliners in top positions. The dogmatism of the ideology outwhelmes all other interests.

Science

In scientific discussions, a regime is a class of physical conditions, usually parameterised by some specific measures, where a particular physical phenomenon or boundary condition is significant. Very often a regime corresponds to a limiting condition. The region of measurable parameter space that corresponds to a regime is very often loosely defined. Examples include "the superfluid regime",[3] "the steady state regime"[4] or "the femtosecond regime".[5]

In geography and hydrography, "regime" refers to the changing conditions of river beds and other features, such as systems of sandbars.

Other uses

Political use of "regime" concerns international regulatory agencies (see International regime), which lie outside of the control of national governments. These have more power over a greater range than postal or telecommunications agreements, for example, and constrain national governments.

See also

Notes

Specific references:

  1. ^ Non-Errors
  2. ^ regime from the Merriam–Webster website
  3. ^ Fermi gases approach superfluid regime
  4. ^ A. R. Kolovsky, Steady-state regime for the rotational dynamics of a molecule at the condition of quantum chaos, Phys. Rev. A 48 (1993) 3072
  5. ^ M. Lenzner et al., Femtosecond Optical Breakdown in Dielectrics, PRL 80 (1998) 4076

General references:

Essentials of Comparative Government, Patrick O'Neil.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also regime

German

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Regime

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Noun

Regime n. (genitive Regimes, plural Regime or Regimes)

  1. regime

Simple English

A regime is the leader and other people who run a government of a sovereign state.

There are many kinds of regimes. They can achieve power in many ways. Depending on the time and place and local civics like the electoral system, they can lose power in many ways too. The most common way for a regime to lose power was a coup, invasion or revolution until the 20th century. After that it became very dangerous and difficult to use these methods. Peaceful regime change is usually by an election - this method is now used by more than half the people on the Earth. It is called representative democracy. Such regimes are often called administrations to make it clear they are not dictators, and since the executive branch does not have all the power itself - it may share it with a legislative branch. Also the judicial branch is separate. The courts are not usually considered part of the regime.

However, some things are the same no matter how the regime achieved power:

  • The regime needs help among people outside the regime and government to stay in power - these may be in the military or a political party.
  • Military and police obey the regime's orders, and can kill people. If they would not do so, then, it would be possible to change regimes by force.
  • Trade and tax is set by the regime, which can take money away.
  • The regime speaks for the whole country when dealing with other countries.

When many regimes negotiate at the United Nations or World Trade Organization, it does not matter at all how each regime got its power. It matters only that they can agree and make everyone in their country do as the agreement says.

When someone wants a regime to change in another country, they usually are not able to do this by any means other than violence or interfering in its election. This is common if a regime is threatened by another regime.


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