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Remington 870
Remington 870 Marine Magnum
Remington 870 Marine Magnum
Type Shotgun
Place of origin  United States
Service history
Used by See Users
Production history
Designer L.Ray Crittendon, Phillip Haskell, Ellis Hailston, and G.E. Pinckney
Designed 1951
Manufacturer Remington Arms
Produced 1951 to present[1]
Number built over 10 million [2]
Variants Wingmaster, Express, Marine, SPS, SPS-T, XCS, TAC, Super Mag
Specifications
Weight from 7.0 pounds (3.2 kg) to 8.0 pounds (3.6 kg)
Length from 37.25 inches (946 mm) to 50.5 inches (1,283 mm)
Barrel length from 18 inches (457 mm) to 30 inches (762 mm)

Cartridge 12 gauge, 16 gauge, 20 gauge, 28 gauge, or .410 bore
Action pump-action
Feed system 3 to 8 round internal tube magazine
Sights bead, twin bead, adjustable open sights, or ghost ring (all iron sights). Also cantilever and receiver-mounts for scopes

[3]

The Remington Model 870 is a U.S.-made pump-action shotgun manufactured by Remington Arms Company, Inc. It is widely used by the public for sport shooting, hunting, and self-defense. It is also commonly used by law enforcement and the military worldwide. Many countries have used the Remington 870 in both their law enforcement as well as their armed forces.

Contents

Development

The Remington 870 was the fourth major design in a series of Remington pump shotguns. John Pedersen designed the fragile Model 10 (and later the improved model 29). Working with John Browning, Pedersen also helped design the Model 17[4] which was adopted by Ithaca as the Ithaca 37 and also served as the basis for the Remington 31. The Model 31 was well-liked,[5] but struggled for sales in the shadow of the Winchester Model 12. Remington sought to correct that in 1950 by introducing a modern, streamlined, rugged, reliable, and relatively inexpensive shotgun, the 870 Wingmaster.

Sales of the 870 have been steady. They reached 2 million guns by 1973 (ten times the number of Model 31 shotguns it replaced). By 1996, spurred by the basic "Express" model, sales topped seven million guns. On April 13, 2009 the ten millionth Model 870 was produced, and the 870 holds the record for best-selling shotgun in the history of the world.[6]

Design details

The 870 features a bottom-loading, side ejecting receiver, tubular magazine under the barrel, dual action bars, internal hammer, and a bolt which locks into an extension in the barrel. The action, receiver, trigger system, safety catch and slide release catch of the Remington Model 870 shotgun are similar to those used on the Remington Model 7600 series pump-action centerfire rifles and carbines. 20 gauge stocks will also interchange. Several parts of the 870 will interchange with the semi-automatic Remington 1100 and 11-87.

The original 870 models were offered with fixed chokes. In 1986 Remington introduced the new Remington "Rem Choke" system of screw-in chokes (also fitted to Remington model 1100 auto-loading shotguns at the same time). Initially, the Rem Chokes were offered on barrel lengths of 21, 26 and 28". It was not offered on 30" barrels, deer guns, target guns or as a retrofit.

Variants

There are hundreds of variations of the Remington 870. From the original fifteen models offered, Remington currently produces dozens of models for civilian, law enforcement, and military sales. 870 variants can be grouped into:

  • Wingmasterblued steel with high gloss or satin walnut stocks.
  • Policeblued or parkerized steel with satin walnut or synthetic stocks.
  • Marine – nickel plated with synthetic stocks.
  • Express – matte black bead-blasted with laminated hardwood or synthetic stocks.
  • Super Magnum – chambered for 3.5" 12ga shotshells.
  • XCS - TriNyte coated external metal and nickel plated internals with speedfeed stocks.

Users

A U.S. Coast Guard petty officer from Maritime Safety and Security Team 91106 armed with an M870P fitted with a Trijicon reflex sight and a Speedfeed stock.
The Remington 870 12-gauge shotgun loaded with pyrotechnical shells (blanks) is seen here used as a last resort to scare off unwanted birds in flight from the vicinity of Incirlik Air Base.

See also

References

  1. ^ Remington model history
  2. ^ Remington product page
  3. ^ "Remington Model 870 Shotguns". Remington Arms Company, Inc.. http://www.remington.com/products/firearms/shotguns/model_870. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  4. ^ Snyder, Walter C. Ithaca Featherlight Repeaters, The Best Gun Going. NC: Cook and Uline Pub, 1998. ISBN 0-9629469-1-5
  5. ^ Simpson, Lane. "Remington's Magnificent Five", Shooting Times, May 2000
  6. ^ Harold Murtz. Gun Digest Treasury (DBI Books, 1994), p.193
  7. ^ Remington 870 Shotgun makes a comeback
  8. ^ "Greece Ministry of Public Order Press Office: Special Anti-Terrorist Unit". Official Website of the Hellenic Police. July 2004. http://www.astynomia.gr/images/stories/DOCS/Attachment11480_ENHMEROTIKO_EKAM_ENGL.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  9. ^ "Puolustusvoimat: Kalustoesittely". Mil.fi. http://www.mil.fi/maavoimat/kalustoesittely/index.dsp?level=65&equipment=53. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  10. ^ "Remington 870 Combat Shotgun". http://www.irishmilitaryonline.com/army/weapons/main.php?id=remington. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  11. ^ "Unofficial Pistols Page, Equipment". http://USP.lu - Unofficial Website of Unité Spéciale, Officially Endorsed. http://www.usp.lu/armement-pistolets-fr.php. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  12. ^ "L'Unite d'Intervention de la Police Luxembourgeoise" (in French). RAIDS Magazine. March 2006. http://www.usp.lu/media/raids.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  13. ^ Lasterra, Juan Pablo (2004). "UPS Unidad Especial de la Policia Luxembourguesa" (in Spanish). ARMAS Magazine. http://www.usp.lu/media/armas.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  14. ^ Thompson, Leroy (December 2008). "Malaysian Special Forces". Special Weapons. http://www.tactical-life.com/online/special-weapons/malaysian-special-forces. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  15. ^ Skennerton, Ian D. (2005). "L-prefix Nomenclature". Arms & Militaria Press. http://www.enfieldcollector.com/serials.html. Retrieved 06 Januaru 2010. 
  16. ^ Clancy, Tom (1996) (in English). Marine: A Guided Tour of a Marine Expeditionary Unit. Berkeley, California: Berkeley Trade. pp. 64,79–80. ISBN 978-0425154540. 
  17. ^ Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0710628695.
  18. ^ "Remington Shotguns - Federal Business Opportunities: Opportunities". https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=cb68cf9f3fa2fe18a83d1c3dee0039b2&tab=core&_cview=0. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  19. ^ Diez, Octavio (2000). Armament and Technology. Lema Publications, S.L. ISBN 84-8463-013-7.

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