Renée Richards: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Renée Richards
Reneerichards.jpg
Country  United States
Residence United States
Date of birth 19 August 1934 (1934-08-19) (age 75)
Place of birth New York City, New York, USA
Height  ft 0 in (0.00 m)
Turned pro 1977
Retired 1981
Plays Right-handed
Career prize money US$
Singles
Career titles 0 WTA
Highest ranking No. 20 (February 1979)
Grand Slam results
US Open 3R (1979)
Doubles
Career titles 0 WTA
Highest ranking No. --
US Open F (1977)
Mixed Doubles
Career record {{{mixedrecord}}}
Career titles 0
Grand Slam mixed doubles results
Australian Open -
French Open -
Wimbledon -
US Open SF (1979)
Last updated on: 5 June 2009.

Renée Richards (born August 19, 1934) is an American ophthalmologist, author and former professional tennis player. In 1975, Richards underwent sex reassignment surgery. She is known for initially being denied entry into the 1976 US Open by the United States Tennis Association, citing an unprecedented women-born-women policy. She disputed the ban, and the New York Supreme Court ruled in her favor in 1977. This was a landmark decision in favor of transsexual rights.

Contents

Early life

Richards was born in New York City and named Richard Raskind. At six the family moved to Forest Hills. Raskind was ranked among the top-10 Eastern and national juniors in the late 1940s and early 1950s. he was captain of his high school tennis team at the Horace Mann School in New York City, and at fifteen won the Eastern Private Schools Interscholastic singles title. Raskind went to Yale and played on the tennis team first in singles competition and captained the team in 1954. After Yale, Raskind went to medical school at the University of Rochester, then served in the Navy as a Lieutenant Commander. He pursued a career as an eye surgeon, specializing in strabismus (eye misalignment). Raskind reached the final of the men's national 35-and-over tennis championships in 1972.[1]

Transitioning sex

In the mid-1960s Raskind traveled in Europe dressed as a woman, intending to go to north Africa to see Georges Burou, a famous gynecological surgeon at Clinique Parc in Casablanca, Morocco, regarding sex reassignment surgery. However, he changed his mind and returned to New York, where he married and fathered one son.[2] Raskind was referred to surgeon Roberto C. Granato, Sr. by Harry Benjamin and in 1975 successfully transitioned.[3]

Tennis career after transitioning

As Renée Richards, she subsequently played from 1977 to 1981.[4] She was ranked as high as 20th overall (in February 1979), and her highest ranking at the end of a year was 22nd (in 1977). In her first professional event as a female, she was a finalist in women's doubles (with Betty Ann Stewart, in 1977), and continued to have a successful career afterwards. Her greatest successes on court were reaching the doubles final at the US Open in 1977 with Betty Ann Stuart — the pair lost a close match to Martina Navratilova and Betty Stöve - and winning the 35-and-over women's singles.[5] Richards was twice a semifinalist in mixed doubles (with Ilie Năstase) at the US Open. In 1979, she defeated Nancy Richey for the 35s singles title at the US Open. Richards posted wins over Hana Mandlikova, Sylvia Hanika, Virginia Ruzici, and Pam Shriver. "I think Pam was about 10", she said.[6]

She later coached Navratilova to two Wimbledon wins and was inducted into the USTA Eastern Tennis Hall of Fame in 2000.[6][7]

Author

In 1986 Richards published an autobiography, Second Serve, which was made into the television movie Second Serve starring Vanessa Redgrave as the lead. In 2007 Richards published a second autobiography, No Way Renee: The Second Half of My Notorious Life. Each of these volumes was co-authored with John Ames.

Family

Richards' father, David Raskind, was an orthopedic surgeon, and her mother was one of the first female psychiatrists in the United States. Her sister, Josephine, is a retired psychiatrist. Richards' son Nicholas Raskin is a filmmaker and stockbroker.

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Gentlemen's Singles

(As Richard Raskind)

Tournament 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 Career SR
Australia A A A A A A A A -
France A A A A A A A A -
Wimbledon A A A A A A A A -
United States 1R A 2R 1R 2R A A 1R 0/5
SR 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 5

Women's Singles

(As Renée Richards)

Tournament 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 Career SR
Australia A A A A A -
France A A A A A -
Wimbledon A A A A A -
United States 1R 1R 3R 2R 1R 0/5
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 5

A = did not participate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio of the number of singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.

Grand Slam doubles tournament timeline

Tournament 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 Career SR
Australia A A A A A -
France A A A A A -
Wimbledon A A A A A -
United States F 2R A 3R 3R 0/4
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 5

A = did not participate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio of the number of singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.

Grand Slam Mixed Doubles tournament timeline

Tournament 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 Career SR
Australia A A A A A -
France A A A A A -
Wimbledon A A A A A -
United States A 3R SF 1R A 0/3
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 5

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Richards, Renee, "Second Serve" (1983) New York : Stein and Day.
  3. ^ The Second Half of My Life Talk of the Nation, February 8, 2007
  4. ^ 403 Forbidden
  5. ^ 403 Forbidden
  6. ^ a b [2]
  7. ^ Simon & Schuster: Renee Richards - Biography

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message