Renewable energy in Spain: Wikis

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Spain has the target of generating 30% of its electricity needs from renewable energy sources by 2010, with half of that amount coming from wind power. In 2006, 20% of the total electricity demand was already produced with renewable energy sources, and in January 2009 the total electricity demand produced with renewable energy sources reached the 34.8%.[1]

Some autonomous regions in Spain lead Europe in the use of renewable energy technology, and plan to reach 100% renewable energy generation in a few years (objetive "all electricity from renewable sources, AERS). Castile and León and Galicia are especially near this goal, producing in 2006 70% of their total electricity demand from renewable energy sources, and 5 communities produce more than 50% from renewables.

Contents

Wind power

Spain is the world's third biggest producer of wind power, after the United States and Germany, with an installed capacity of 16,740 megawatts (MW) at the end of 2008, a rise of 1,609 MW for the year.[2][3] More than 11% of Spain's electricity came from wind power in 2008.[3] The largest producer of wind power in Spain is Iberdrola, with 27 percent of capacity, followed by Acciona on 16 percent and Endesa with 10 percent.

Solar power

In 2005 Spain became the first country in the world to require the installation of photovoltaic electricity generation in new buildings, and the second in the world (after Israel) to require the installation of solar hot water systems [4]. Spain was also the first country to ever have a commercial solar energy power tower, PS10, located near Seville[5].

Production

Production by source and Autonomous Community

Renewable Electricity in Spain (GWh, 2006 data)[6]
Autonomous Community Hydroelectric power Wind power Solar power Biomass power Solid waste power Total Renewable Generation Total Electricity Demand  % Renewable of Total Electricity Demand
Castile and León 6960 3840 14 274 87 11175 15793 70.8%
Galicia 7561 5970 1 242 317 14091 20279 69.5%
La Rioja 124 897 1 3 2 1027 1860 55.2%
Aragón 3073 3342 1 63 8 6487 11885 54.6%
Navarre 379 2248 28 269 0 2924 5401 54.1%
Extremadura 2244 0 1 0 0 2245 5076 44.2%
Castile-La Mancha 710 3935 8 99 34 4786 12686 37.7%
Asturias 1680 357 0 221 400 2658 12391 21.5%
Cantabria 875 0 0 11 41 927 5693 16.3%
Catalonia 3223 301 7 77 241 3849 48498 7.9%
Andalusia 946 1042 5 728 0 2721 40737 6.7%
Basque Country 336 339 3 55 326 1059 20934 5.1%
Valencia 1041 266 13 55 0 1375 27668 5.0%
Canary Islands 0 288 0 0 0 288 9372 3.1%
Balearic Islands 0 5 0 0 133 138 6235 2.2%
Murcia 65 93 6 12 0 176 8334 2.1%
Madrid 83 0 8 58 330 479 30598 1.6%
Ceuta & Melilla 0 0 0 0 2 2 391 0.5%
SPAIN 29301 22924 97 2167 1921 56410 283829 19.9%

See also

References

External links

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