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Renown class battlecruiser: Wikis

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Renown
Class overview
Name: Renown
Preceded by: Tiger-class
Succeeded by: Admiral-class
Planned: 3
Completed: 2
Cancelled: 1
Lost: 1
General characteristics (as built)
Class and type: Battlecruiser
Displacement:

26,500 tons (design)

30,100 tons (maximum)
Length: 794 ft, 2.5 in (240 m) o/a
Beam: 89 ft, 11.5 in (30 m)
Draught: 29 ft, 8 in (8.94 m)
Propulsion: 42 Babcock & Wilcox type boilers
Brown-Curtis steam turbines
4 shafts
120,000 shp
Speed:

30.25 knots (service)
31.7 knots (Repulse trials)

32.68 knots (Renown trials)
Armament:
Armour: Belt
  • 9 in, tapering to 2 in at lower edge
Main Deck
  • 4 in over magazines
  • 1 - 2.5 in over boiler rooms
  • 3 in over engine rooms
  • 3.75 - 4 in slope to side
Lower Deck
  • 3.75 - 4 in over magazines
Boiler Uptakes
  • 2 in over longditudnals
Aircraft carried: flying-off platforms on 'B' and 'X' turrets

The Renown class was a class of two battlecruisers of the Royal Navy built during the First World War.

They were originally going to be the last ships of the Revenge-class of battleships. The initial expectation of a short war led to their construction being suspended on the grounds they would not be ready in time. Admiral Fisher, upon becoming First Sea Lord, restarted the building as battlecruisers that could be built and enter service quickly. Eustace Tennyson-D'Eyncourt as Director of Naval Construction had designed the Revenges, and the Renowns were produced by lengthening the hull, reducing the number of turrets from four to three, and providing thinner armour. As a result build time was reduced and they were delivered not long after the battle of Jutland in 1916.

The two ships were HMS Renown, and HMS Repulse. A third ship, Resistance, was cancelled before construction started. They were the world's largest capital ships upon completion, until the commissioning of HMS Hood. The ships were notorious maintenance hogs and widely derided as "HMS Refit" and "HMS Repair".

Both ships served in World War I and World War II. Repulse was sunk on 10 December 1941 in the South China Sea off Kuantan, Pahang by Japanese aircraft. Renown survived the war, to be scrapped in 1948.

Contents

Building Programme

The following table shows the cost of the Renown class. Standard British practice at that time was for these costs to exclude armament and stores.

Name Builder Engine-builder Laid down Launched Completed Cost according to
( BNA 1924)[1] Parkes[2]
Renown Fairfield, Govan Fairfield
Brown-Curtis Turbine
25 Jan 1915 4 Mar 1916 20 Sep 1916 £3,111,284 not stated
Repulse John Brown, Clydebank John Brown
Brown-Curtis Turbine
25 Jan 1915 8 Jan 1916 18 Aug 1916 £2,760,062 not stated
Repulse as she was in 1919
Renown, as reconstructed, in 1939

References

  • Gardiner, Robert and Gray, Randal (ed) Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906 - 1921, Conway Maritime Press, London, 1982. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
  • Parkes, Oscar British Battleships, first published Seeley Service & Co, 1957, published United States Naval Institute Press, 1990. ISBN 1-55750-075-4
  • Richardson, Sir Alexander and Hurd, Archibald (ed) Brassey's Naval and Shipping Annual 1924

Notes

  1. ^ Brassey's Naval and Shipping Annual 1924, p422-424.
  2. ^ Parkes, Oscar, British Battleships, p608-617.

See also

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