Rensselaer County, New York: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rensselaer County
County
Seal of Rensselaer County
Name origin: For the family of Kiliaen van Rensselaer, the original Dutch owners of Rensselaerswyck
Country United States
State New York
Region Upstate New York
District Capital District
Towns
Cities Troy, Rensselaer
Villages
Capital City of Troy
 - elevation 30 ft (9 m)
 - coordinates 42°43′53″N 73°41′30″W / 42.73139°N 73.69167°W / 42.73139; -73.69167
Highest point Berlin Mountain
 - location Town of Berlin, on border with Massachusetts
 - elevation 2,818 ft (859 m)
 - coordinates 42°41′32″N 73°17′08″W / 42.69222°N 73.28556°W / 42.69222; -73.28556
Lowest point Hudson River at sea level
 - elevation ft (0 m)
Area 665 sq mi (1,722 km2)
 - land 654 sq mi (1,694 km2)
 - water 11 sq mi (28 km2)
Population 152,538 (2000)
Density 233 /sq mi (90 /km2)
Incorporated 1791
County executive Kathleen M. Jimino
Timezone Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)
Area code 518
Map of New York highlighting Rensselaer County
Map of Rensselaer County showing the cities, towns, and villages
Wikimedia Commons: Rensselaer_County,_New_York
Website: www.rensco.com

Rensselaer County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 152,538. Its name is in honor of the family of Kiliaen van Rensselaer, the original Dutch owner of the land in the area. Its county seat is Troy. It is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

For the history of Rensselaer County prior to 1791, see Albany County, New York

The area that is now Rensselaer County was originally inhabited by the Mohican Indian tribe until it was bought by the Dutch jeweler and merchant Kiliaen van Rensselaer in 1630 and incorporated in his patroonship Rensselaerswyck (which, in turn, was part of the Dutch colony New Netherland). The land passed into English hands in 1664 until the Dutch regained control for a year in 1673, but the English took it back in 1674. Until 1776, the year of American independence, it was under English or British control.[1] However, the county didn't actually exist as a legal entity until 1791 when it was created from land that was originally part of Albany County.

In 1807, in a county re-organization, the rural sections of Troy were set off as towns, and the city itself was incorporated. The two towns created were Brunswick and Grafton, both named after British dukes, (the Duke of Brunswick and Duke of Grafton). A third town, Philipstown, was set off in 1806, but renamed in 1808 to Nassau after the Duke of Nassau.

Geography

A farm in Brunswick

Rensselaer County is in the eastern part of New York State. The eastern boundary of Rensselaer County runs along the New York-Vermont and New York-Massachusetts borders.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 665 square miles (1,723 km²), of which, 654 square miles (1,694 km²) of it is land and 11 square miles (30 km²) of it (1.72%) is water.

The terrain runs from level and flat near the Hudson and then rises into the Rensselaer Plateau around Poestenkill and Sand Lake, then to the Taconic Mountains along the Massachusetts state line.

The highest point is Berlin Mountain, 2,818 feet (859 m) above sea level, in the town of Berlin. The lowest point is sea level at the Hudson.

The Hoosic River, a tributary of the Hudson River, is in the north part of the county.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 152,538 people, 59,894 households, and 39,050 families residing in the county. The population density was 233 people per square mile (90/km²). There were 66,120 housing units at an average density of 101 per square mile (39/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.13% White, 4.69% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 2.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.3% were of Irish, 14.7% Italian, 12.8% German, 7.5% English, 6.2% French and 5.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.4% spoke English and 2.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 59,894 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.80% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,905, and the median income for a family was $52,864. Males had a median income of $36,666 versus $28,153 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,095. About 6.70% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Rensselaer County Office building, which houses county offices, including that of the County Executive
Rensselaer County Courthouse located on the corner of Congress and 2nd Streets in Troy

Beginning in 1791 Rensselaer County was governed by a Board of Supervisors, which acted as the Legislature, with the chairman of the board serving as a de-facto Executive.

In 1970, the Rensselaer County Legislature was created, which elected Edward J. "Ned" Quinn as Chairman. The Chairman served as the equivalent to an executive until the office of County Executive was created in 1972. Since its creation, Democrats have never won the office, although they controlled the Legislature until 1994. One notable candidate for Executive was Edward Pattison who was later elected to Congress, and whose son Mark served two terms as Mayor of Troy. The current county executive is Kathleen M. Jimino. She is one of only four female county executives in New York State. Legislative authority is vested in the County Legislature, which consists of 19 members representing 16 different communities, separated into six districts. The current composition of the Legislature is as follows (13 Republicans and 6 Democrats):

District 1, Troy:
Neil J. Kelleher, Chairman (R)
Robert Mirch, Majority Leader (C)
Laura Bauer (R)
James Brearton (R)
Peter Grimm (D)
Nancy McHugh (R)

District 2, North Greenbush, East Greenbush, and Poestenkill:
Ginny O'Brien, Minority Leader (D)
Keith Hammond, Deputy Minority Leader (D)
W. Kenneth Harrington (D)
Brian Zweig (D)

District 3, Brunswick, Schaghticoke, and Pittstown:
Thomas Walsh, Vice Chairman (R)
Ken Salisbury, Vice Chairman/Finance (R)
Kenneth Harrington (R)

District 4, Schodack, Sand Lake, and Nassau:
Flora Fasoldt (D)
Martin Reid (R)
Alex Shannon (R) [3]

District 5, Hoosick, Berlin, Stephentown, & Petersburgh:
Stanley Brownell (R)
Lester Goodermote (R)

District 6, Rensselaer:
Mike Stammel (R)

Rensselaer County Executives
Name Party Term
William J. Murphy Republican January 1, 1974 – December 31, 1985
John L. Buono Republican January 1, 1986 – May, 1995
Henry F. Zwack Republican May, 1995 – May 13, 2001
Kathleen M. Jimino Republican May, 2001 –

Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

School districts

The county is serviced by 16 school districts. Some are completely contained in the county while some cross county lines into other counties. No school districts cross either the Vermont or Massachusetts state borders. Below is a table that shows the districts within the county, which BOCES they belong to, and which other counties they may serve.[4]

District BOCES[5][6] Other Counties
District Serves
Averill Park Central School District Questar III None
Berlin Central School District Questar III None
Brunswick (Brittonkill) Central School District Questar III None
Cambridge Central School District WSWHE BOCES Washington County
East Greenbush Central School District Questar III Columbia County
Hoosic Valley Central School District Questar III Washington County
Hoosick Falls Central School District N/A Washington County
Ichabod Crane Central School District Questar III Columbia County
Lansingburgh Central School District Questar III None
Mechnicville City School District WSWHE BOCES Saratoga County
New Lebanon Central School District Questar III Columbia County
North Greenbush Common School District Questar III None
Rensselaer City School District Questar III None
Schodack Central School District Questar III Columbia County
Troy City School District Questar III None
Wynantskill Union Free School District Questar III None

Adjacent counties

See also

References

  1. ^ The Kingdom of England existed until the Acts of Union 1707, when Scotland and England (including Wales) came together to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ Albany Politics blog - Capital Region - Rensselaer - Saratoga - Schenectady - Albany County - NY - timesunion.com - Local politics » New legislator seated
  4. ^ Rensselaer County School Districts. Capital District Regional Planning Commission. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  5. ^ Questar III Component School Districts. Questar III. Retrieved 14 October 2008.
  6. ^ Washington-Saratoga-Warren-Hamilton-Essex BOCES Component Districts. Washington-Saratoga-Warren-Hamilton-Essex BOCES. Retrieved 14 October 2008.

External links

Advertisements

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Rensselaer County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Rensselaer County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1791
Seat Troy
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.72%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

152538
Website: www.rensco.com

Rensselaer County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 152,538. Its name is in honor of the family of Killiaen Van Rensselaer, the original Dutch owner of the land in the area. Its county seat is Troy. It is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

The county was a part of Rensselaerwyck, an immense land holding purchased by Kiliaen van Rensselaer from the Mohawk and Mohican Indians, starting in 1630.

When counties were established in New York in 1683, the present Rensselaer County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of present-day New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

Then, on March 12, 1772, Albany County was divided into the counties of Albany, Tryon (now Montgomery), and Charlotte (now Washington). From 1772 to 1786 Albany County included, besides the present territory of Albany County, all of the present Columbia, Rensselaer, Saratoga, and Schenectady Counties, parts of the present Greene and Washington Counties, and a piece of what is now southwestern Vermont.

In 1786, Albany County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Columbia County.

In 1791, Rensselaer County (as well as Saratoga County) was split off from Albany County.

Geography

Rensselaer County is in the eastern part of New York State. The eastern boundary of Rensselaer County runs along the New York-Vermont and New York-Massachusetts borders.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,723 km² (665 sq mi). 1,694 km² (654 sq mi) of it is land and 30 km² (11 sq mi) of it (1.72%) is water.

The terrain runs from level and flat near the Hudson and then rises into the Rensselaer Plateau around Poestenkill and Sand Lake, then to the Taconic Mountains along the Massachusetts state line.

The highest point is Berlin Mountain, 2,818 feet (859 m) above sea level, in the town of Berlin. The lowest point is sea level at the Hudson.

The Hoosick River, a tributary of the Hudson River, is in the north part of the county.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 152,538 people, 59,894 households, and 39,050 families residing in the county. The population density was 90/km² (233/sq mi). There were 66,120 housing units at an average density of 39/km² (101/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 91.13% White, 4.69% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 2.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 59,894 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.80% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,905, and the median income for a family was $52,864. Males had a median income of $36,666 versus $28,153 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,095. About 6.70% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Beginning in 1791 Rensselaer County was governed by a Board of Supervisors, which acted as the legislature, with the chairman of the board serving as a de-facto Executive. In 1970 the Rensselaer County Legislature was created, which elected Edward J. "Ned" Quinn as Chaiman. The Chairman served as the equivalent to an executive until the office of County Executive was created in 1972. Since its creation, Democrats have never won the office although they the County Legislature several times until 1994. One notable candidate for Executive was Edward Pattison who was later elected to Congress and whose son Mark served two terms as Mayor of Troy. The current county executive is Kathleen M. Jimino. She is one of only three woman county executives in New York State.Legislative authority is vested in the County Legislature, which consists of 19 members representing 16 different communities, separated into six districts. The current make up of the legislature is as follows, 13 Republicans and 6 Democrats:

District 1, Troy:

Neil J. Kelleher, Chairman (R) Robert Mirch, Majority Leader, District 1 (C) James Brearton, District 1 (R) Nancy McHugh, District 1 (R) Laura Bauer, District 1, (R) Peter Grimm, District 1, (D)

District 2, North Greenbush, East Greenbush, and Poestenkill:

Ginny O'Brien, Minority Leader (D) Keith Hammond, Deputy Minoirty Leader, District 2 (D) W. Kenneth Harrington, District 2, (D) Brian Zweig, District 2 (D)

District 3, Brunswick, Schaghticoke, and Pittstown:

Thomas Walsh, Vice Chairman (R) Ken Salisbury,Vice Chairman/Finance (R) Kenneth Harrington (R)

District 4, Schodack, Sand Lake, and Nassau:

Flora Fasoldt (D) Martin Reid (R) Edward Swartz (R)

District 5, Hoosick, Berlin, Stephentown, & Petersburgh:

Stanley Brownell (R) Lester Goodermote (R)

District 6, Rensselaer:

Mike Stammel (R)

Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

=> label in parentheses is official designation.




North: Washington County
West: Hudson River
Saratoga and
Albany Counties
Rensselaer County East: Bennington County and
Berkshire County
South: Columbia County

External links

Coordinates: 42°43′N 73°31′W / 42.71, -73.51


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Rensselaer County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Rensselaer County, New YorkRDF feed
County names Rensselaer County, New York  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Rensselaer County  +

This article uses material from the "Rensselaer County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|A farm in Brunswick]] Rensselaer County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, 152,538 people lived there. It is named for Kiliaen van Rensselaer, the Dutch person who owned the land in the area. The county seat is Troy.

Rensselaer County is in the eastern part of New York. The county's eastern line runs along the New York-Vermont and New York-Massachusetts borders.

The county has a total area of 665 square miles (1,723 km²). Out of this, 654 square miles (1,694 km²) is land and 11 square miles (30 km²) (1.72%) is water.

The highest point is Berlin Mountain, which is 2,818 feet (859 m) above sea level. The mountain is in the town of Berlin. The lowest point is sea level at the Hudson River. The Hoosic River, a tributary of the Hudson River, is in the north part of the county.

Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

  • Averill Park
  • Berlin (town)
  • Brunswick (town)
  • Castleton-on-Hudson (village)
  • East Greenbush (town)
  • East Nassau (village)
  • Grafton (town)
  • Hampton Manor
  • Hoosick Falls (village)

  • Hoosick (town)
  • Nassau (town)
  • Nassau (village)
  • North Greenbush (town)
  • Petersburgh (town)
  • Pittstown (town)
  • Poestenkill (town)
  • Rensselaer (city)
  • Sand Lake (town)

  • Schaghticoke (town)
  • Schaghticoke (village)
  • Schodack (town)
  • Stephentown (town)
  • Troy (city)
  • Valley Falls (village)
  • West Sand Lake
  • Wynantskill

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message