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Reprise Records
Reprise records.jpg
Parent company Warner Music Group
Founded 1960
Founder Frank Sinatra
Status Active
Distributing label Warner Bros. Records
(in the US)
WEA International Inc.
(outside the US)
Genre Various
Country of origin U.S.
Official Website Official website of Warner Bros. and Reprise Records

Reprise Records is an American record label, founded in 1960 by Frank Sinatra, which is owned by Warner Music Group, and operated through Warner Bros. Records.

Contents

Company history

"Tricolor" label, used by Reprise until 1968. Label to The Kinks' Something Else

Reprise (pronounced rih-PREEZ) was formed in 1960[1] by Frank Sinatra in order to allow more artistic freedom for his own recordings. Hence, he garnered the nickname "The Chairman of the Board."[2] Having left Capitol/EMI, and after trying to buy Norman Granz's Verve Records, the first album Sinatra released on Reprise was Ring-a-Ding-Ding! As CEO of Reprise, Sinatra recruited a host of his cronies for the fledgling label, such as fellow Rat Pack members Dean Martin and Sammy Davis, Jr.. The original roster from 1961 to '63 included Bing Crosby, Jo Stafford, Rosemary Clooney, Esquivel and stand-up comedian Redd Foxx. The label still issues any Sinatra work recorded while on the label and, after his death in 1998, it had great success with his greatest hits collections.

"Two-tone orange" label used by Reprise during the Warner Bros.-Seven Arts merger from 1968-1969. Label to Jimi Hendrix's Smash Hits

One of the label's founding principles under Sinatra's leadership was that each artist would have full creative freedom, and at some point complete ownership of their work; including publishing rights. This is the reason why recordings of early Reprise artists (Dean Martin, Jimi Hendrix, The Kinks, etc.) are (in most cases) currently distributed through other labels. In Martin's case, his Reprise recordings were out of print for nearly 20 years before a deal was struck with Capitol Records.

Many of the older artists were dropped when Sinatra sold the label to Warner Bros. Records in early 1963 (most of these albums were not good sellers). Reprise president Mo Ostin was retained as the head of the label and he went on to play a very significant role in the history of the Warner group of labels over the next four decades. Warner-Reprise executives began targeting younger acts beginning by securing the American distribution rights to the Pye Records recordings by The Kinks in 1964. Reprise would later add teen-oriented pop acts like Dino, Desi, & Billy and Nancy Sinatra, before moving almost exclusively to pop-oriented music in the late 1960s.

Through direct signings or distribution deals, the Reprise roster grew to include Lee Hazlewood, the early Joni Mitchell recordings, Neil Young, The Electric Prunes, The Kinks, Arlo Guthrie, Norman Greenbaum, Tom Lehrer, Tiny Tim, Ry Cooder, Captain Beefheart, the early 1970s recordings by Frank Zappa and The Mothers, Gram Parsons, Emmylou Harris, Nico's Desertshore, The Fugs, Jethro Tull, Pentangle, T.Rex, The Meters, John Cale, Gordon Lightfoot, Michael Franks, Richard Pryor, Al Jarreau and the early '70s recordings of The Beach Boys.

In the late 1970s, as Joni Mitchell and Captain Beefheart had left the label, Sinatra expressed a wish to be the sole artist on Reprise, but Neil Young refused to leave. Mitchell returned to the label in the late 1980s after a stint on Geffen Records but now records for Hear Music. Young remains on Reprise to this day, though he was lured to Geffen Records for several years in the 1980s.

Although they established themselves as a popular concert attraction with constant touring in the US, Reprise act Fleetwood Mac suffered dwindling sales during the early '70s and went through numerous lineup changes, as well as a legal battle over the group's name which kept them off the road for over a year. They eventually moved to Warner Bros in 1975, where ironically, the revitalised band scored a string of hit albums and singles through the late 1970s and early '80s, including their massively successful Rumours LP, which became one of the biggest-selling albums of all time.

From 1975-1977 Warner Bros. effectively retired the Reprise label, reassigning all of its roster (except Sinatra and Young) to the main Warner Bros. label. Although older catalog albums continued to be reissued with the Reprise logo, there were no new releases on the Reprise imprint. In the summer of 1987 Warner Bros chairman Mo Ostin and label president Lenny Waronker announced the reactivation of Reprise, including its own separate promotions department, and former Warner Bros. Vice President of Promotion Rich Fitzgerald was appointed as label Vice-President[3]. In the time since, Warner Bros. has often elevated the stature of Reprise to the rank of secondary parent label, as many of its subsidiary labels (such as Straight and Kinetic) have had their records released in conjunction with Reprise.

Red label, used by Reprise throughout the late 1970s. Label to Neil Young's Decade

Today, in addition to Young, it is home to such artists as Devendra Banhart, Green Day, Michael Bublé, Enya, Avenged Sevenfold, The Used, Mastodon, Eric Clapton, Fleetwood Mac, Serj Tankian, Josh Groban, Charice, My Chemical Romance and Disturbed. Reprise is also the North American label for British bands Depeche Mode and Oasis.

It was formerly home to the Jimi Hendrix and the Barenaked Ladies' catalogs in the U.S.

Neil Young stated in a documentary about his life that Charles Manson was turned down by Reprise.

Reprise Records artists

Labels

See also

References

External links


Simple English

Reprise Records
Parent company Warner Music Group
Founded 1960
Founder Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin
Distributing label Warner Bros. Records (U.S.)
WEA (outside the U.S.)
Genre Various
Country of origin U.S.
Official website Official Web site of Reprise Records

Reprise Records is an American record label, founded in 1960 by Frank Sinatra, which is owned by Warner Music Group, and operated through Warner Bros. Records. Reprise is best known for recording Green Day since 1994.

Contents

Company history

Reprise was formed in 1960[1] by Frank Sinatra in order to allow more artistic freedom for his own recordings. He had earlier been with Capitol Records, but was upset when Capitol issued an album, Come Fly with Me, whose cover had a picture of him in front of an airplane with a Trans-World Airlines (TWA) logo. He believed Capitol and TWA were profiting together from his image, and left him out.

Reprise's artists included Sinatra's longtime friend Dean Martin, who was a singer and comedian, with a popular television show. Sinatra's daughter, Nancy Sinatra, became a recording artist and singer, and signed with her father's label. (His advice to her, whoever she signed with, was to "Own your own masters", and she did that. Years later, her catalog was valuable, and she earned more money from her records than if she was not their owner.) Reprise also released records by Jimi Hendrix, and later Neil Young.

Subsidiaries

  • Kinetic Records (1992–2000)
  • Grand Jury Records (1990–1993)
  • Giant Records (1990-1994, Warner Brothers took over the duties until Giant folded.)
  • Vapor Records (1995–present; current status unknown)
  • Elementree Records (1995–2000)
  • In Bloom Records (1998–2000)
  • Chrysalis Records (1969-1972)

References

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