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Republic of China Navy
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg
Leadership
Ministry of Defense
Commands
Republic of China Marine Corps
Personnel
Rank insignia
Equipment
Ships
History and Traditions
Naval history of China
Orders, Decorations and Medals
List of orders, decorations and medals
Order of Blue Sky and White Sun

The Republic of China Navy (中華民國海軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūn) is the maritime branch of the Armed forces of the Republic of China (Taiwan). The ROC Navy's primary mission is to defend ROC territories and the sea lanes that surround Taiwan against a blockade, attack, or possible invasion by forces of the People's Republic of China. Operations include maritime patrols in the Taiwan Strait and surrounding waters, as well as counter-strike and counter-invasion operations during wartime. The Republic of China Marine Corps functions as a branch of the Navy.

The ship prefix for ROCN combatants is ROCS (Republic of China Ship); an older usage is CNS (Chinese Navy Ship).

Contents

Organization

Republic of China Navy
Naval Jack of the Republic of China
Naval Jack of the Republic of China
Active 1924-present
Country Republic of China Republic of China
Size 23,000 Sailors, 30,000 Marines (2004 est.)
Commanders
Commander In Chief, ROCN Admiral Kao Kuang-Chi
Insignia
Insignia Insignia of the ROC Navy
  • Navy General Headquarters (海軍總司令部)
Navy GHQ is subordinate to the General Staff, the Minister of Defense, and the ROC President.
  • Internal units: Personnel, Combat Readiness & Training, Logistics, Planning, Combat Systems, General Affairs, Comptroller, Inspector General, Political Warfare.
  • Naval Fleet Command (艦隊司令部)
  • Naval Aviation, Taoyuan AB Command
  • ASW Group(S-70C(M)-1/2 ASW Helo, 500MD ASW helo, S-2T, P-3C)
  • Marine Corps Command (陸戰隊司令部)
  • Education, Training and Doctrine Command(教育訓練暨準則發展司令部)
  • Logistics Command (後勤司令部)
  • Naval Academy, Hydrographic & Oceanographic Bureau, Shipbuilding Development Center, Communication Systems, General Service.

Sources:[1][2][3]

History

The ROCN Service Flag is identical to the ROC National Flag.
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1911–1949

See also Naval history of China.

ROCN delegation in Washington D.C.

The precursor to the modern ROC Navy was established as the Ministry of the Navy in the Provisional Government of the Republic of China in 1911 following the overthrow of the Qing dynasty. During the period of warlordism that scarred China in the 1920s and 1930s the ROCN remained loyal to the Kuomintang government of Sun Yat-sen instead of the warlord government in Beijing. During that time and throughout World War II, the ROCN concentrated mainly on riverine warfare as the poorly equipped ROCN was not even close to Japan over ocean or coast.[4]

Following World War II, a number of Japanese destroyers and scrapped U.S. ships were transferred to the ROC Navy. During the Chinese Civil War, the ROCN was involved in the protection of supply convoys and the ultimate withdrawal of the ROC Government and over 1+ million refugees to Taiwan in 1949. The subsequent reorganization and reestablishment of the Navy after evacuation to Taiwan is referenced in the lyrics of the post 1949 ROC Navy Song "The New Navy" (新海軍).

1949–Present

Following the relocation of the ROC government to Taiwan, the ROCN was involved in a number of commando attack escorts, evacuation and transport more soldiers displaced and later to provide patrols and resupply operations to Kinmen and Matsu in the Taiwan Strait and South China Sea offshore islands.

Since the 1990s the Navy has grown in importance as the emphasis of the ROC's military doctrine moves towards countering a possible PRC blockade, as well as offshore engagement. The ROCN has been working hard to expand its capability in electronic and anti-submarine warfare, as well as the replacement of its current antiquated fleet.[2]

Equipment

See also: List of ships of the Republic of China Navy

ROC Navy Kang Ding-class (Lafayette-class) frigate with S-70C helicopter

Traditionally, most ROCN equipment is purchased from the United States, though several ships have been built domestically under licence or through domestic development. The ROCN has also purchased Lafayette class frigates from France and Zwaardvis class submarines from the Netherlands as well as well as four U.S. Kidd class (renamed Keelung) destroyers originally intended for Iran.

Despite the ROCN refurbishing and extending the service life of its vessels and equipment, it has suffered from procurement difficulties due to pressures exerted by the PRC. It has only two useful submarines. The U.S. has approved sales of eight new diesel powered submarines but lacks the manufacturing capability to make the engines; at the same time, threats from the PRC prevent the necessary technology transfer from other countries. Furthermore, the Legislative Yuan did not approve the budget and thereby slowed the opportunity to procure the badly needed underwater defense capability.

On 2007-09-12, an arms notification was sent to the U.S. Congress concerning an order for 12 P-3C Orion patrol aircraft and 3 "spare aircraft", along with an order for 144 SM-2 Block IIIA surface-to-air missiles.[5] A contract was awarded to Lockheed Martin to refurbish the 12 P-3C Orion aircraft for Taiwan on 2009-03-13, with deliveries to start in 2012.[6]

On 2008-8-26, an arms notification was sent to Congree for an order for 60 air launched Harpoon Block II missiles for the 12 P-3C.[7]

On 2008-10-03, an arms notification was sent to Congress for an order for 32 submarine launched Harpoon Block II missiles.[8][9] At least a portion of these missiles will be installed on the navy's Hai-Lung class submarines.

On 2010-01-29, the U.S. government announced 5 notifications to the U.S. Congress for arms sales to Taiwan. In the contracts total 6.392 Billion USD, ROC Navy will get 2 Osprey class mine hunters for 105 million USD,25 Link 16 terminals on ships for 340 millions, 10 ship and 2 air launched Harpoon L/II for 37 millions.[10][11]

The ROC Navy already has 95 older Harpoon missiles in its inventory for the 8 Knox frigates, 22 newer RGM-84L for the 4 Kidd DDGs, 32 sub launched Harpoon II on order for the 2 Zwaardvis/Hai Lung submarines, and with 60 air launched Harpoon Block II anti-ship missile on order for the 12 P-3C, plus the newly announced 10 ship launched and 2 air launched Harpoon II/L sales.[12]

Surface Combatants

ROCS Kee Lung (DDG-1801), During National Day 2007 Celebrations
Class Number of ships Builder Origin
Kee Lung class destroyer (Kidd class) 4 Ingalls Shipbuilding  United States
Cheng Kung class frigate (Oliver Hazard Perry class) 8 CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan
Chi Yang class frigate (Knox class) 8 Lockheed Shipbuilding/Avondale Shipyard  United States
Kang Ding class frigate (La Fayette class) 6 DCNS  France
ROCN Cheng Kung-class frigate

Submarines

Class Number of ships Builder Origin
Hai Lung class submarine (Zwaardvis class) 2 Rotterdam Dockyard Company Submarines  Netherlands
Hai Shih class submarine (Tench class) 2 Portsmouth Naval Shipyard  United States

Fast Attack Missile Craft

Class Number of ships Builder Origin
Ching Chiang class patrol ship 12 CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan
Kuang Hua VI class missile boat 11 (class of 30 completed by 2011) CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan
Hai Ou class missile boat (Dvora class) 50 most built in Taiwan CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan

Minesweepers

Class Number of ships Builder Origin
Yung Yang class minesweeper (Aggressive class) 4 JM Martinac Shipbuilding Corp  United States
Yung Feng class coastal minehunter (MMW50 class) 4 Abeking & Rasmussen  Germany
Osprey class coastal minehunter 2 (on order, announced) Intermarine USA  United States

Amphibious

Class Number of ships Builder Origin
Hsuhai class dock landing ship (ex-USS Pensacola (LSD-38) 1 General Dynamics-Quincy  United States
Chung Ho class tank landing ship (Newport class) 2 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard  United States
Chung Hai class (LST-1) 9 Newport News Shipbuilding  United States
Mei Chin class (LSM-1) 4 Charleston Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co.  United States

Support

Class Number of ships Builder Origin
Wu Yi class fleet oiler 1 CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan
Ta De class (ARS-556) salvage tug (ex-USS Recovery (ARS-43) 1 Basalt Rock Inc.  United States
Tai Hu class (ARS-552) salvage tug (ex-USS Grapple (ARS-7) 1 Basalt Rock Inc.  United States
Ta Tung class (ATF-548) fleet tug (ex-USS Chickasaw (AT-83) 1 Charleston Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.  United States
Ta Kuan oceanographic research ship 1 Fincantieri, Muggiano, La Spezia, Italy  Italy
Chung Bai class coastal logistics tankers (ex-USS Pecatonica (AOG-57) 2 Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp.  United States
Wu Kang class coastal transports 2 CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan
Wan An coastal transport 1 CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan
Tai Wu coastal transport 1 CSBC Corporation, Taiwan  Taiwan

Aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[13] Notes
Grumman S-2 Tracker  United States Maritime patrol aircraft S-2T Turbo Tracker 26, half operational Originally 32 to were upgraded to T version, but only 27 converted
Lockheed P-3C Orion  United States Maritime patrol aircraft P-3C Orion 12 Ordered, plus 3 spare airframes
Sikorsky S-70 Seahawk  United States Naval utility/ASW helicopter S-70C(M)-1/2 Thunderhawk 19 Out of 10+11 ordered
Hughes 500MD/ASW Defender  United States ASW helicopter Hughes 500MD/ASW Defender 9 Out of original 13 ordered

See also

References & notes

  1. ^ "Navy - Overview". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/taiwan/navy-overview.htm. Retrieved 2006-03-08. 
  2. ^ a b "2004 National Defense Report" (PDF). ROC Ministry of National Defense. 2004. http://report.mnd.gov.tw/eng/pdf/all-1-360.pdf. Retrieved 2006-03-05. 
  3. ^ "Combat Units Under the ROC Navy Fleet HQ". Taiwanmilitary.org. http://www.taiwanmilitary.org/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=8220. Retrieved 2006-03-08. 
  4. ^ "歷史傳承 (History)". ROC Navy. http://navy.mnd.gov.tw/Publication.aspx?CurrentNodeID=506&Level=2&PublicID=910. Retrieved 2006-03-08. 
  5. ^ "Pentagon could make 2.2 billion dollar arms sales to Taiwan". Yahoo! news. 2007-09-13. http://au.news.yahoo.com/070912/19/14evg.html. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  6. ^ "U.S. in deal to refurbish aircraft for Taiwan". Washington Post. 2009-03-13. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/13/AR2009031302806.html. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  7. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTP4816220080827
  8. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/03/AR2008100303240.html
  9. ^ http://asia.news.yahoo.com/081003/afp/081003211458asiapacificnews.html
  10. ^ "USDA New Release". dsca.mil. 2010-01-29. http://www.dsca.osd.mil/PressReleases/36-b/2010/Taiwan_09-39.pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  11. ^ "USDA New Release". dsca.mil. 2010-01-29. http://www.dsca.osd.mil/PressReleases/36-b/2010/Taiwan_09-37.pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  12. ^ "armstrade.sipri.org". armstrade.sipri.org. http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  13. ^ "Naval Aviation Command". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/taiwan/rocnavair.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 

External links


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