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Republic of China legislative election, 1986: Wikis

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On December 6, 1986 the sixth supplementary election took place for members of both legislative bodies of the Republic of China, the National Assembly and the (first) Legislative Yuan, elected originally in 1948.

Compared with the last supplementary election (1980 for the National Assembly and 1983 for the Legislative Yuan respectively) the number of eligible seats for the National Assembly had been increased from 76 to 84 and for the Legislative Yuan from 98 to 100 due to an increase in population. Of these, 73 represented Taiwan Province and the special municipalities of Taipei and Kaohsiung and were to be elected directly. The remaining 27 seats were to represent Mainland Chinese living on Taiwan. These delegates were chosen by the President after being advised by organizations representing the Mainland Chinese population on Taiwan.

Turnout for the supplementary election of the National Assembly was 65,1% and for the Legislative Yuan 65,4%. Of the newly elected members to the National Assembly 68 belonged to the Kuomintang, 11 to the Democratic Progressive Party, one to the Chinese Youth Party and four were independents. Of the 73 directly elected delegates to the Legislative Yuan 59 belonged to the Kuomintang, 12 to Democratic Progressive Party and two were independent. All chosen were born Taiwanese except for 8 in the National Assembly and 3 in the Legislative Yuan, who were born on the Mainland or from parents from the Mainland.

This was the first time the Democratic Progressive Party organized much of the Tangwai forces into a political party and contested in elections as such, defying the Kuomintang government's ban on the formation of new political parties under the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion.

Further reading

Copper, John F. (2003, 4th ed.), Taiwan. Nation-state or Province?, Boulder (Westview), ISBN 0-8133-4069-1

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