The Full Wiki

Republic of Singapore Air Force: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Republic of Singapore Air Force
Republic of Singapore Air Force Service Flag.svg
RSAF Service Flag
Founded April 1, 1975
Country  Singapore
Branch Air Force
Role Air supremacy / defence
Size 13,500 personnel
410 aircraft
Part of Singapore Armed Forces
Engagements Operation Iraqi Freedom
Chief of Air Force Brigadier General Ng Chee Meng
RSAF crest RSAF Logo.jpg
RSAF roundel - 3rd Generation (1990-present) RSAF Roundel 1990-present.svg
RSAF low visibility roundel RSAF Roundel 1990-present Low Visibility.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack F-15SG, AH-64D
Fighter F-16C/D
Interceptor F-5S/T
Patrol E-2C, G550 AEW&C, F50 ME2
Reconnaissance RF-5S
Trainer S211, PC-21, TA-4SU, EC120
Transport KC-130 & C-130H, F50 UTL, KC-135R, CH-47SD, Super Puma

The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF, Chinese: 新加坡空军部队; Malay: Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura; Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகாயப்படை) is the air arm of the Singapore Armed Forces. It was first established in 1968 as the Singapore Air Defence Command (SADC).[1]


Mission Statement

The following excerpts was taken from the official homepage of the Republic of Singapore Air Force: -

The RSAF aims to be among the best. To be a First Class Air Force, our people must also be among the best Air Force professionals in the world. To this end, the RSAF will strive...
  • To achieve mission excellence in all aspects of operations both in peace and in war. We will fight as an integrated force with a broad spectrum of capabilities to achieve the SAF's mission.
  • To be a First Class learning organisation. We will develop our most important resource, our people, to their fullest potential through challenging and rewarding careers.
  • To be best-trained. We will adopt a global training outlook to achieve professional excellence and combat readiness, whilst ensuring zero accidents.
  • To achieve superior logistics. We will be agile and focused, ensuring mission effectiveness and operational success through speed and sustainment.
  • To exploit leading edge technology. We will leverage on enabling technologies as force multipliers to hone the RSAF's fighting edge.


RSAF 1st generation RAF styled roundel (same as Peruvian Air Force and Turkish Air Force roundels) 1968-1973.
RSAF 2nd generation ying-yang styled roundel 1973-1990

In January 1968, the British announced the imminent withdrawal of all their troops east of Suez by the end of 1971. Prior to then, Singapore had depended completely on Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF) for its air defence, while the newly established Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) had concentrated its efforts mainly on building up the Singapore Army.

The predecessor to the RSAF, the SADC, was formed in September 1968 . The SADC’s immediate task was to set up the Flying Training School to train pilots. Qualified flying instructors were obtained through Airwork Services Limited, a UK-based company specializing in defence services. Basic training for pilots was carried out using two Cessna light aircraft hired from the Singapore Flying Club. The SADC also enlisted the help of the Royal Air Force which introduced the first flying training syllabus and provided two ex-RAF pilots as instructors, as well as facilities and services at Seletar Airport. Finally, the first batch of six pilot trainees were sent to the United Kingdom in August 1968 to undergo training in various technical disciplines. The training was based on the Hawker Hunter, the SADC’s first air defence fighter. The following month, another pioneer group of technicians, this time from the rotary wing, were sent to France to begin their technical training on the Aérospatiale Alouette III helicopter. In 1969, a number of local RAF technicians were released to join the fledging SADC. These local technicians had experience working on fixed-wing RAF aircraft such as the Hawker Hunter, Javelin, Canberra, Lightning, Shackleton and Nimrod; as well as rotary-wing RAF aircraft such as the Bristol Belvedere, Westland Wessex and Westland Whirlwind.

Eight Cessna 172-K aircraft – the SADC’s first – arrived in May 1969 to be used for basic pilot training.[2] By December, the first batch of students completed the course. Of these, six were sent to the UK to receive further training. On their return to Singapore in 1970, they were ready to operate the then newly-acquired Hawker Hunter fighter aircraft.

The pace of training pilots and ground crew picked up gradually. On August 1, 1969, Minister for the Interior and Defence, Lim Kim San, inaugurated the Flying Training School (FTS) at Tengah Air Base (then known as RAF Tengah). The inauguration of FTS brought SADC closer to its goal of fulfilling the heavy responsibility of defending Singapore's airspace.

The subsequent arrival of the BAC Strikemasters in 1969, used for advanced phase flying training, meant that pilot trainees were now able to earn their initial wings locally rather than overseas. The first batch of locally trained fighter pilots were trained at the FTS and graduated in November 1970. Amongst this batch was 2LT Goh Yong Siang, who later rose to the appointment of Chief of Air Force on July 1, 1995. Gradually, the SADC had its own pilots, flying instructors, air traffic controllers, and ground crew.

When Britain brought forward its plan to withdraw its forces by September 1971, the SADC was suddenly entrusted with a huge responsibility and resources. Britain’s former air bases – Tengah, Seletar, Sembawang and Changi – were handed over to the SADC, as well as its air defence radar station and Bloodhound II surface-to-air missiles.

In 1973, the SADC procured Shorts Skyvan search-and-locate aircraft and A-4 Skyhawk fighter-bombers. With a reliable mix of fighters, fighter-bombers, helicopters and transport aircraft, the SADC was ready to assume the functions of a full-fledged air force. In April 1975, the SADC was renamed the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF).


Models of RSAF Aircraft

The RSAF is led by the Chief of the Air Force (CAF). The current CAF is Brigadier General Ng Chee Meng.[3] The CAF reports directly to the Chief of Defence Force and is assisted by the Chief of Staff (Air Staff). The Air Staff comprises six functional departments: Air Manpower, Air Intelligence, Air Operations, Air Logistics, Air Plans and Air Training. There are also two specialist departments: the Air Force Inspectorate (AFI) and the Office of the Chief Air Force Medical Officer (CAMO).

The organisation chart below shows the administrative chain of command with seven formations: Tengah Air Base, Paya Lebar Air Base, Changi Air Base (West), Changi Air Base (East), Sembawang Air Base, Air Defence Systems Division (ADSD) and the Tactical Air Support Command (TASC).

RSAF Org Chart.png

In 5 January 2007, Minister for Defence, Teo Chee Hean announced that the Air Force organisation chart will be re-structured into five major commands, namely the Air Defence Operations Command (ADOC),the Air Combat Command (ACC), the Participation Command (PC), the Air Power Generation Command (APGC) and the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Command (UC). The first to be inaugurated was ADOC, along the restructuring announcement.[4]

ADOC is the principal agency in charge of planning and executing peacetime operations and air defence. ADOC is also responsible for the development and operational readiness of the command and control and ground-based air defence units of the RSAF. ADOC has 4 groups are its command. There are Operations Planning and Development Group (OPDG), formerly under Air Operations Department, Air Force Operations Group (AFOG), National Air Defence Group (ADG), Divisional Air Defence Group (DAG).

UAV Command was the second command to be inaugurated and become operational in May 2007.[5] The main structures under UC are Operations & System Development Group (OSDG), headed by the Deputy Commander of UC and Squadrons and UAV Training School (UTS).

The next command to be inaugurated was PC in January 2008.[6] Participation Command comprises the Operations Development Group (ODG), the Helicopter Group (HeliG), the Tactical Air Support Group (TASG), and the Divisional Air Defence Group (DAG).

The last two commands, ACC and APGC, were inaugurated together in August 2008 in conjunction with the RSAF 40th Anniversary. The ACC will bring together fighter and transport squadrons under one command, with central planning, control and execution of the air battle in operations. The APGC will enhance the missions of the ACC by ensuring that all air bases remain operational at all times, as well as improving the servicing and turn-around of aircraft to ensure continuous and responsive operations.

The ACC is responsible for the planning, control and execution of the air battle in operations. It brings together all fighter and transport squadrons that will carry out these tasks under a single command which will be responsible for training the pilots and aircrew to think and operate in a fully integrated way. The ACC consists of the Integrated System Development Group (ISDG), Operations Development Group (ODG), Integrated System Development Group (ISDG), Fighter Group (FG) and Transport Group (TG).

The APGC is set up to enable the RSAF to generate and sustain effective, timely and robust air power to meet the operational needs of the SAF. With the APGC, higher operational efficiency within each RSAF Air Base, and secondly, greater integration across the four bases are achieved. The APGC consists of the Operations Development Group (ODG) and four air bases: Changi Air Base, Paya Lebar Air Base, Sembawang Air Base and Tengah Air Base. The four support squadrons still remain organic to each Base but are under direct command of APGC. These four squadrons are , Airfield Maintainece Squadron (AMS), Ground Logistics Squadron (GLS), Field Defence Squadron (FDS) and Flying Support Squadron (FSS).


Republic of Singapore Air Force
Republic of Singapore Air Force Service Flag.svg

List of RSAF Squadrons
List of RSAF aircraft
Changi Air Base (East, West)
Paya Lebar Air Base
Sembawang Air Base
Tengah Air Base
Singapore Armed Forces ranks

The backbone of the RSAF is formed by the Block 52/52+ F-16 Fighting Falcons. These are armed with US-supplied AIM-120C AMRAAM missiles and LANTIRN targeting pods, laser guided munitions and conformal fuel tanks for long-range strike.

While Singapore initially bought as many as 70 F-16 planes, on November 18, 2004, it was announced that the RSAF would donate its remaining 7 F-16A/B's to the Royal Thai Air Force. It is believed that these early Block 15OCU aircraft were upgraded to "Falcon One" standard by ST Aerospace before the transfer and delivered in late 2005. In return, the RSAF was permitted to train at the Udon Royal Thai Air Force Base in north-east Thailand for a specified number of days each year. This would mean that the RSAF will operate only the Block 52/52+ model, as many as 62 F-16CJ/DJ planes.

Due to severe airspace constraints within Singapore, the RSAF operates its aircraft at several overseas locations in order to provide greater exposure to its pilots. With the F-16C/D Fighting Falcons, KC-135R Stratotankers, AH-64D Apaches and CH-47SD Chinook helicopters based in the USA, the Marchetti S-211s, PC-21s, and Super Puma helicopters in Australia, and the TA-4SU Super Skyhawks in France, almost one third of the force's inventory is based outside Singapore.

In 1994, the RSAF commenced a modernisation program for its fleet of approximately 40 operational (R)F-5E and F-5F aircraft. The upgrade was performed by Singapore Technologies Aerospace (STAero) and the upgraded aircraft were designated (R)F-5S and F-5T respectively, operating from Paya Lebar Air Base. These upgraded F-5S/T, equipped with the Galileo Avionica's FIAR Grifo-F X-band Radar[7][8] are thought to be capable of firing the AIM-120 AMRAAM missile but to date, no actual live-firing has actually been reported. For in-flight refuelling, four KC-135Rs and four KC-130Bs are commissioned to support the fighter force of F-16C/Ds and (R)F-5S/Ts.

Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) capability was introduced in 1987 when four E-2C Hawkeyes were delivered to 111 Squadron. The duty of Maritime Patrol and Coastal surveillance is performed by the five Fokker 50 MPA (entered service in 1991), which can be armed with long-range anti-shipping AGM-84 Harpoon missiles and ASW torpedoes.

As part of its fleet renewal process, the RSAF officially withdrew its fleet of A-4SU Super Skyhawk from front-line service on March 31, 2005 after 31 years of operations. The A-4SUs' achievements included flying directly from Singapore to the Philippines, incorporating the RSAF's first air-to-air refuelling mission in 1986, as well as the excellent aerobatic display of the 'red and white' Super Skyhawks flown by the RSAF Black Knights[9] during Asian Aerospace 1990. A month before its retirement, the Skyhawk squadron won top honours in a strike exercise against its more modern F-16 and F-5 counterparts.

Singapore ordered a total of twenty AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopters in two batches. After a long period of negotiations over the delivery of the sophisticated Longbow Fire-control radar, the first batch of eight aircraft, fitted with the Fire Control Radar,[10] was delivered on May 17, 2002. The second batch of 12 Apaches were ordered in 2001 even before the first delivery took place.[11] All of the initial eight Apaches are based in the USA. Three of the Apache Longbows returned in January 2006 at the request of the Minister of Defence.

Apart from the six CH-47SDs delivered from 1996, a new batch of six aircraft was ordered in 1997, with an option of four extra airframes. At least 12 CH-47SD have been delivered and are in service at Sembawang Air Base. It is believed that these had been upgraded to the SD standard prior to delivery.

Eight CH-47SDs were also deployed to support the relief efforts in the aftermath of the Indonesian Tsunami. It was the first and one of the few countries to reach the affected areas. The RSAF deployed dozens of C-130Hs, CH-47SDs and AS 332Ms there along with three of the RSN's latest Landing Ship Tanks (RSS Endurance, RSS Persistence and RSS Endeavour of the Endurance class LST) as well as Singapore Armed Forces vehicles, engineers, and medical teams.

In September 2005, the RSAF sent three CH-47SD Chinook helicopters, later augmented by a fourth CH-47SD Chinook, to provide assistance in the rescue and evacuation of stranded civilians after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans and nearby areas in the United States.[12][13] The humanitarian effort by Singapore involved more aircraft than any other foreign countries.[14]

Since 2003, the RSAF has also made deployments of KC-135 tankers[15] and C-130 aircraft[16] to the Persian Gulf in support of the multinational efforts for the reconstruction of Iraq. RSAF personnel have carried out airlift, transportation and supply, and air-to-air refueling missions in support of the multinational forces, assisting the Coalition in carrying supplies and personnel, transporting humanitarian material and conducting medical evacuation operations.

Air Bases

External images
Gulfstream G550 AEW&C
Hi-res publicity photo of G550 AEW&C and SEMA by Gulfstream Aerospace.
An F-5S of 144 Sqn preparing for take-off.
An F-16C of 140 Sqn scrambling.
Demonstration of a M-113A2 Ultra Mechanised Igla IFU on deployment, visible in the background is an I-HAWK SAM launcher.
  • Paya Lebar Air Base
    • 122 Sqn 6 C-130H (Transport), 4 KC-130B (Transport/Aerial refuelling)
    • 141 Sqn 6 F-5S (Interceptor), 1 F-5T (Training/Interceptor) - Disbanded since Nov 2005 with aircraft being reassigned to 144 and 149 Sqn.
    • 144 Sqn 15 F-5S (Interceptor), 7 F-5T (Training/Interceptor)
    • 149 Sqn 15 F-5S (Interceptor), 1 F-5T (Training/Interceptor)
  • Tengah Air Base
    • 111 Sqn 4 E-2C Hawkeye (AEW & C)
    • 140 Sqn 7 F-16C (Interceptor), 5 F-16D Blk 52 (Strike)
    • 142 Sqn 18 T/A-4SU Super Skyhawks (Fighter-bomber) - disbanded in 2004.
    • 143 Sqn 2 F-16C (Interceptor), 10 F-16D Blk 52 (Strike)
    • RSAF Black Knights - RSAF's aerobatic team.
  • Chong Pang Camp SADA (Singapore Air Defense Artillery)
    • 3rd DA RBS 70 SAM, IGLA SAM, Giraffe Radar
    • 6th DA RBS 70 SAM, IGLA SAM, Giraffe Radar
    • 9th DA RBS 70 SAM, IGLA SAM, Giraffe Radar
    • 18th DA Mistral SAM
    • 160 Sqn Oerlikon 35 mm AA Guns (Airfield defence)
  • Lim Chu Kang Camp II SADA (Singapore Air Defense Artillery)
    • 163 Sqn I-HAWK SAM (Medium altitude air defence)
    • 165 Sqn Rapier Blindfire SAM (Low altitude air defence)
  • Other assets of SADA (Singapore Air Defense Artillery)
    • 201 Sqn FPS 117 Radar (Fighter control, SAM control, Surveillance, ASP)
    • 203 Sqn LORADS Radar (RASP, SAR, "listening watch" for distress signals)
  • Murai Camp
    • 116 Sqn Hermes 450 (Reconnaissance)
    • 128 Sqn 40 IAI Searcher (Reconnaissance)


Military ranks in the Singapore Armed Forces are identical across the three services except for the flag ranks of the RSN. They are based on the Army model. The official table of ranks stops at three stars for all three services.[17] NATO rank codes are not officially used, but are listed here for easy comparison with other armed forces.

Like the Navy, the majority of Air Force personnel are regulars. This is due to the specialized and technical nature of many jobs. The employment of National Servicemen in various roles are limited mostly to the infantry-like Field Defence Squadrons which do not require such specialised training.

Overseas detachments (Training)

The RSAF Flying Training School at RAAF Base Pearce.

The SAF Advanced Jet Training Detachment (150 Squadron), consisting of four Skyhawks and currently operating from Cazaux, France, is scheduled for disestablishment in 2007.[2]

  • Redmond Taylor AHP - Grand Prairie AASF (Grand Prairie, Texas)
    • 149th AVN, 6 CH-47SD (Peace Prairie CH-47 Training)[20]
  • Silverbell Army Heliport (USA)
    • E/1-285th AVN, 8 AH-64D (Peace Vanguard AH-64D Training)[23]

Future plans

A Singapore Peace Triton S-70B being guided by a member of the RSN on the flight line of Naval Air Station North Island.

The F-15SG Strike Eagle (formerly the F-15T) is a variant of the F-15E Strike Eagle and is similar in configuration to the F-15K sold to South Korea, but differs in the addition of the APG-63(V)3 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar developed by Raytheon. The F-15SG will be powered by two General Electric F110-GE-129 29,400 lbf (131 kN) thrust engines. In February 2003, Singapore joined the JSF program's System Design and Development (SDD) Phase, as a Security Co-operation Participant (SCP).[24][25] The first deliveries of the F-35 are not expected before 2015, but replacement for some of the A-4SU Super Skyhawks are needed by 2007. As a start, 20 F-16D Block 52+ have been delivered from 2003 under project Peace Carvin IV.

The RSAF embarked on its Next Generation Fighter (NGF) programme to replace the aging A-4SU Super Skyhawks. The original list of competitors was shortlisted to the final two - Dassault Rafale and the F-15SG Strike Eagle. The DSTA (Defense Science & Technology Agency) conducted detailed technical assessment, simulations and other tests to assess the final selection. On 6 September 2005, it was announced that the Boeing F-15SG Strike Eagle had won the contract over the Rafale.[26]

The initial order is for 12 aircraft with 8 options. Eventually, as many as 40 to 60 aircraft may be procured in several batches. Pending news on Lockheed Martin's F-35 Lightning II's progress, more F-15SGs may be bought, with the upper limit, as disclosed by the RSAF, being 80 F-15SG aircraft in total. These will likely be based at Tengah Air Base.

On 22 October 2007, Singapore's Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) exercised the option to purchase eight more F-15SG fighters as part of the original contract signed in 2005. Along with this buy, an additional order for four F-15SGs was made, bringing the total number of F-15SGs purchased to 24.

In January 2005, it was announced that 6 Sikorsky S-70B (derivative of SH-60 Seahawk) naval helicopters will be purchased, complete with anti-surface and anti-submarine weapons and sensors.[27] These will be operated by RSAF pilots, with System Specialists of the Republic of Singapore Navy operating the sensors and weaponry. They will operate from the Navy's new Formidable class frigates, and when operating from land will be based at Sembawang Air Base. All 20 AH-64D Longbow attack helicopters have been delivered, achieving pilot IOC. 12 of these Longbow Apaches were deployed back to Singapore and took part in combined arms exercises with the Army.

In April 2007, it was announced that the 4 E-2C Hawkeyes were to be replaced with 4 Gulfstream G550s which would become the primary early warning aircraft of the Singapore Air Force.[28]


A fully bombed-up F-16D+ of 145 Sqn on static display during RSAF Open House 2008.
Rear view of the same aircraft.
Type Country of Origin Role Quantity Program
Air-to-Air Missiles
AIM-9M Sidewinder  United States SRAAM >300 ?
AIM-9X Sidewinder  United States SRAAM ? ?
AIM-120C5/C7 AMRAAM  United States BVRAAM >300 ?
AIM-7M Sparrow  United States MRAAM 64 ?
Python-4/5  Israel AAM >600 ?
Derby  Israel BVRAAM ? ?
Air-to-Surface Missiles/Rockets/Bombs
GBU-10/GBU-12/GBU-16 Paveway II  United States Laser-Guided Bomb ? ?
GBU-31(V)1/B JDAM  United States GPS/INS Guided Bomb 100 ?
GBU-38/B JDAM  United States GPS/INS Guided Bomb 50 ?
GBU-54/B JDAM  United States GPS/INS/Laser-Guided Bomb 670 ?
AGM-65B/D/G Maverick  United States Air-to-Ground Missile ? ?
AGM-114L Longbow Hellfire  United States Air-to-Ground Missile 216 Peace Vanguard
AGM-154A-1/C  United States Air-to-Ground Missile 60 ?
AGM-84 Harpoon  United States Anti-Ship Missile 44 ?
CRV7  Canada 70mm Rocket ? ?
Hydra 70 (APKWS)  United States 70mm Rocket 9,120 Peace Vanguard
SNEB  France 68mm Rocket ? ?
Zuni  United States 127mm Rocket ? ?
Mk 82/Mk83/Mk84  United States (500/1000/2000 pound) General Purpose Bombs ? ?
Surface-to-Air Missiles/Air Defense Artillery/Radar
MIM-23B I-Hawk  United States SAM 48 ?
Mistral  France SAM - MANPADS 36 ?
Rapier Mk II  United Kingdom SAM 12 ?
9K38 Igla  Russia SAM - MANPADS ? ?
M113A2 Ultra Mechanised Igla  Singapore Mobile SAM (SHORAD) ? ?
RBS 70  Sweden SAM - MANPADS ? ?
Cadillac Gage V-200 RBS 70  Singapore Mobile SAM (SHORAD) 12 ?
GDF-002 Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon  Switzerland AA Gun 34 ?
Lockheed Martin AN/FPS-117  United States Phased array 3-D Air Search Radar ? ?
Lockheed Martin P-STAR  United States Portable Search & Target Acquisition Radar ? ?
Ericsson GIRAFFE Radar  Sweden Mobile Air Defense Radar ? ?




Type Country of Origin Role Quantity Program
Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft 143
Boeing F-15SG Strike Eagle  United States Air superiority/Strike 24 (o/o) Peace Carvin V
Lockheed Martin F-16C Block 52 Fighting Falcon  United States Interceptor 8 Peace Carvin II
Lockheed Martin F-16C Block 52 Fighting Falcon  United States Interceptor 4 Lease and Buy
Lockheed Martin F-16C Block 52 Fighting Falcon  United States Interceptor 10 Peace Carvin III
Lockheed Martin F-16D Block 52 Fighting Falcon  United States Strike 10 Peace Carvin II
Lockheed Martin F-16D Block 52 Fighting Falcon  United States Strike 8 Lease and Buy
Lockheed Martin F-16D Block 52 Fighting Falcon  United States Strike 2 Peace Carvin III
Lockheed Martin F-16D Block 52+ Fighting Falcon  United States Strike 20 Peace Carvin IV
Lockheed Martin F-16C/D Block 52 Fighting Falcon  United States Strike/Interceptor 12 Lease And Buy (CONUS)
Northrop F-5S Tiger II  United States Interceptor 36 ?
Northrop F-5T Tiger II  United States Interceptor/Trainer 9 ?
Helicopters 80
Boeing CH-47SD Chinook  United States Heavy Transport 20 Peace Prairie
Eurocopter AS-332M Super Puma  France Medium transport/Search And Rescue 22 ?
Eurocopter AS-532UL Cougar  France Medium Transport 12 ?
Boeing AH-64D Apache Longbow  United States Attack 20 Peace Vanguard
Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk  United States ASW/ASuW 6 (o/o) Peace Triton
Transport Aircraft 14
Lockheed C-130 Hercules  United States Heavy Transport 10 ?
Fokker 50UTL  Netherlands Medium Transport/VIP 4 ?
Support Aircraft 17
Boeing KC-135R Stratotanker  United States Aerial Refuelling/Transport 4 Peace Guardian
Grumman E-2C Hawkeye  United States AEW & C 4 ?
Fokker F50ME2  Netherlands Maritime Patrol 5 ?
Gulfstream G550 with the EL/M-2075 Phalcon AESA AEW radar.[29]  United States /  Israel AEW & C 4 (o/o) ?
Trainer Aircraft 42
Pilatus PC-21  Switzerland Trainer 19 ?
ST Aerospace A-4SU/TA-4SU Super Skyhawk  Singapore Advanced/Lead-in Jet Trainer[30] 18 ?
Eurocopter EC-120 Colibri  France /  Singapore /  China Trainer 5 total 10 ordered
UAV 45
IAI Searcher Mk 2  Israel Reconnaissance 40 ?
Elbit Hermes 450 UAV  Israel Reconnaissance 5 ?
Stored Aircraft 69
ST Aerospace A-4SU Super Skyhawk  Singapore Fighter-bomber 30 ?
ST Aerospace TA-4SU Super Skyhawk  Singapore Trainer 10 ?
Bell UH-1H  United States Light Transport 19 ?
Eurocopter AS-550A2 Fennec  France Trainer 3 ?
Eurocopter AS-550C2 Fennec  France Scout 7 ?


Fixed-wing aircraft

A retired 140 Squadron, Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) Hawker Hunter F.74 - serial number 527 (ex-RAF XF458), parked outside the RSAF Museum. Also, note the number of hardpoints and the ADEN gun ports which had been faired over to protect this museum piece against the weather.
  • United Kingdom Hawker Hunter — 12× FGA.74s, 26× FR.74A/Bs, and 8× T.75/As (excluding one T.75A which was lost in accident before delivery) were delivered to RSAF in 1970 and 1973. Retired from service in 1990, only 4 were preserved as museum exhibits and gate guards while the remaining 21 airworthy airframes were sold to an Australian Warbird Broker.[31][32]
  • United States Lockheed Martin F-16 Fighting Falcon — 4× F-16As and 4× F-16Bs delivered in 1988 under the Peace Carvin I program, one F-16A was lost following a mid-air collision with another F-16A over South China Sea in 1990. All surviving airframe were retired in 2002 and was subsequently upgraded locally to "Falcon One" standard by ST Aerospace before being transferred to Royal Thai Air Force in 2004.[33]
  • United Kingdom Short SC.7 Skyvan — 8× Skyvan 3Ms delivered in 1973 and retired in 1993.
  • United Kingdom BAC Jet Provost — 3× T.52s (ex-South Yemen Air Force airframe) operated from the 1975 until 1980.[34][35][36][37]
  • United Kingdom BAC Strikemaster — 16× Mk.84s delivered in 1969 and retired in 1984. One airframe preserved at the RSAF Museum while remaining 13 airworthy airframes were sold to a Warbird broker.[38]
  • United States Cessna 172 — 8× F172Ks delivered in 1969, retired in 1972.
  • United States Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star — 12× ex-French Air Force (Armée de l'Air) airframes, operated from 1980 until retired in 1984.
  • Italy SIAI-Marchetti SF.260 — 14× SF.260Ms delivered in 1971 plus 12× SF.260Ws delivered in 1979 and 1981. All remaining 19 airworthy airframes retired in 2002 and transferred to the Indonesian Air Force.[39]

Rotary-wing aircraft



RSAF Black Knights

First formed in 1973 at Tengah Air Base, the Black Knights is RSAF's official aerobatic team and has been performing on an ad-hoc basis since its inception with volunteer pilots drawn from various front line squadrons within the RSAF.

RSAF Museum

The RSAF Museum

The RSAF maintains the Air Force Museum, which is open to the public and showcases the air force's history and capabilities. The museum is located along Airport Road beside Paya Lebar Air Base, near Eunos MRT Station.

RSAF Open House

The RSAF Open House is a bi-annual event which is usually held at Paya Lebar Air Base and in conjunction with the 40th Anniversary of Republic of Singapore Air Force in 2008,[41] it would be open to public for two days from 30 August to 31 August 2008.[42] Also, the RSAF Black Knights are scheduled for another aerobatic display to thrill the crowds during the event.

In popular culture

Fictional Television programs

See also



  1. ^ "History of RSAF". MINDEF. 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Arrival of Cessna 172K - A Boost to our Fledgling Air Force". MINDEF. 2004-05-07. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ 3G RSAF to be Reorganised into Five Commands
  5. ^ Inauguration of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Command
  6. ^ RSAF Inaugurates Participation Command
  7. ^ "Grifo-F Radar Specifications". Official Finmeccanica website. 
  8. ^ "Latest upgrades of Singaporean F-5E Tiger-II (pdf format)" (PDF). The Italian Industries Association for Aerospace, Systems and Defence. 
  9. ^ "Official RSAF Black Knights homepage". Republic of Singapore Air Force. 
  10. ^ "Singapore Receives First AH-64D Apache Longbow Attack Helicopter". MINDEF. 
  11. ^ "Singapore to Purchase 12 Additional Boeing AH-64D Apache Longbows". Boeing News release. 2001-08-23. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  12. ^ "Asia-Pacific Opens Hearts, Wallets to U.S. Victims of Katrina". Official Department of State website. 
  13. ^ "RSAF copters' mission in New Orleans". Straits Times. 
  14. ^ "Singaporean humanitarian effort". Helicopter History website. 
  15. ^ "SAF KC-135 Deployment to Aid in the Reconstruction of Iraq". MINDEF. 
  16. ^ "SAF Deploys LST and C-130 to Assist in Reconstruction of Iraq". MINDEF. 
  17. ^ SAF's table of Ranks
  18. ^ station BA120 Cazaux is a French AFB located South West of Bordeaux
  19. ^ "RADM (NS) Teo Inaugurates RSAF’s Advanced Jet Training Facilities at Cazaux". MINDEF. 
  20. ^ "RSAF Celebrates 10 Years of Chinook Training in the US". MINDEF. 
  21. ^ "Opening Ceremony of the RSAF Helicopter Detachment in Oakey, Australia". MINDEF. 
  22. ^ "Australia-Singapore Defence Relationship". MINDEF. 
  23. ^ "Minister for Defence Visits the US". MINDEF. 
  24. ^ "Singapore Signs Letter of Intent for Joint Strike Fighter Programme". MINDEF. 
  25. ^ "Singapore Joins Joint Strike Fighter Programme". MINDEF. 
  26. ^ "Singapore Seals Deal to Acquire Twelve F-15SG". MINDEF. 
  27. ^ "New helicopters for RSN". MINDEF. 
  28. ^ "Planned replacement for AEW E-2C". MINDEF. 
  29. ^ "Singapore to Replace Hawkeye With G550 AEW". 
  30. ^ A-4 Republic of Singapore Air Force page on
  31. ^ "Hawker Hunter Survivor 527". Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  32. ^ "Hawker Hunter In British & Foreign Service". Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  33. ^ "F-16: Republic of Singapore Air Force". Retrieved 2008-12-30. 
  34. ^ UK Civil Aviation Authority Aircraft Register - Entry for former Singapore AF Jet Provost T52 registered G-PROV
  35. ^ Andrade 1982, page 192
  36. ^ History of G-PROV
  37. ^ UK Civil Aviation Authority Aircraft Register - Entry for former Singapore AF Jet Provost T52 registered G-JETP
  38. ^ "History of the Strikemaster". "JET PROVOST HEAVEN". Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  39. ^ "SF.260 in military service". Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  40. ^ a b c d "30 Years of Helicopter Operations". "Pointer", SAF Journal. 
  41. ^ "40th Anniversary of RSAF". MINDEF. 
  42. ^ "RSAF Open House 2008". MINDEF. 


  • Andrade, John (1982). Militair 1982. London: Aviation Press Limited. ISBN 0 907898 01 07. 
  • Huxley, Tim (2000). Defending the Lion City: the Armed Forces of Singapore. Allen & Unwin Pty LTD. ISBN 1-86508-118-3. 
  • Pocock, Chris (1986). "Singapore Sting". Air International (August 1986): pp. 59–64, 90–92. 
  • Peacock, Lindsay. Osprey Combat aircraft Series No.11: A-4 Skyhawk. London: Osprey Publishing. 

External links

Video clips


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address