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Užička Republika
Ужичка република
Republic of Užice
Liberated territory of Yugoslavia

1941

Flag

Anthem
No official anthem specified¹
The Republic of Užice within World War II Serbia. The borders are that of the WWII Axis partition of Yugoslavia, including collaborationist states.
Capital Užice
Language(s) Serbo-Croatian
(de facto Užičan dialect)
Government Socialist republic
Chairman² Dragojlo Dudić
General Secretary³ Josip Broz Tito
Legislature Main People's Council of Serbia
Historical era World War II
 - Partisans in Užice July 28, 1941
 - Battle of Drežnik August 18, 1941 1941
 - German ultimatum September 10, 1941
 - Liberation of Užice September 24, 1941
 - Battle of Kadinjača November 29, 1941
 - Conquered December 1, 1941 1941
Currency Yugoslav dinar
¹ Hey, Slavs and other Partisan songs were unofficially used
²Chairman of the Main Peoples Council of Serbia
³General Secretary of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. Also Commander in Chief of the Partisans.
Map of the Republic of Užice

The Republic of Užice (often written with parentheses "Republic of Užice"; Serbian: Užička Republika, Ужичка република) was a short-lived liberated Yugoslav territory organized as a military mini-state that existed in the autumn of 1941 in Nazi-occupied Yugoslavia, more specifically the western part of Serbia. The Republic was established by the Partisan resistance movement and its administrative center was in the town of Užice.

Contents

History

The Republic of Užice comprised almost all of western Serbia and had a population of more than 300,000 people. It was located between the line Valjevo-Bajina Bašta in the north, the river Drina in the west, the river Zapadna Morava in the east, and the Sandžak region in the south.

The government was made of "people's councils" (odbors), and the Communists opened schools and published a newspaper, Borba (meaning "Struggle"). They even managed to run a postal system and around 145 km of railway and operated an ammunition factory from the vaults beneath the bank in Užice[1].

In November 1941, in the so-called first offensive, the German troops occupied this territory again, while the majority of Partisan forces escaped towards Bosnia, Sandžak and Montenegro, re-grouping at Foča in Bosnia.

Trivia

The 1974 historical movie Užička Republika ("The Republic of Užice") [1] covers the events surrounding the existence of the Republic of Užice.

See also

References

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General references

  • Venceslav Glišić, Užička republika, Beograd, 1986.
  • Јован Радовановић, 67 дана Ужичке републике, Београд, 1972. (прво издање 1961.)
  • Boško N. Kostić, Za istoriju naših dana, Lille, France, 1949.

References

  1. ^ The Balkans Misha Glenny, 1999, p487

External links


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