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Up to date as of January 14, 2010

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See wikibooks textbook on Sociological Methods

There are two main approaches within Sociology which dictate the research methodology which is used. There is a 'top-down' approach, emphasising that an individual is the product of a society, and a 'bottom-up' which places emphasis on an individual and their views of society. The emphasis within the 'top-down' approach is on quantitative research methodology, such as labororatory studies, comparative studies, case studies, and surveys. There is a strong proclivity from a 'bottom-up' approach for the use of qualitative research methodology such as questionnaires, and interviews.

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