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Resian
Rozajanski langač/lengač
Spoken in Italy
Region Resia valley
Total speakers
Language family Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Pater Noster in the old Resian dialect

The Resian dialect (his name Rozajanski langač, or lengač, Slovene: Rezijanščina) is a distinct dialect of the Slovene language spoken in Resia valley, Province of Udine, Italy, close to the border with Slovenia. Because of its remote location outside of Slovenia, the dialect has phonetical properties different from standard Slovene, and from most other Slovene dialects.

Although not a regulated dialect (scholars consider it a dialect of Slovene rather than a different language), and without any official status in Italy, Resian is written with a Latin script different from that used for standard Slovene. The alphabet contains the letter /W/, which is a rare grapheme among Slavic languages; the exceptions being Polish and Sorbian.

Written Resian can mostly be understood by Slovenes, but spoken Resian is much harder to understand, especially for those from central and eastern Slovenia. Resian forms part of the South Slavic dialect continuum, and shares numerous features with the dialects spoken in the Slovenian Littoral and Venetian Slovenia, and communication between these communities is intelligible. However, Resian and standard Slovene are mutually unintelligible due to archaisms lost in modern Slovene, and due to significant Italian and Friulian influences on Resian vocabulary.

Most contemporary scholars consider Resian a transitional dialect between the Carinthian Slovene and Slovene Littoral dialects. Resian has maintained a number of archaisms (including the aorist) which have disappeared both in standard Slovene and most other Slovene dialects. Despite the archaisms, the Resian vocabulary is very similar to the ones of the neighbouring Slovene dialects, especially those spoken in Venetian Slovenia, Val Canale, Brda and upper Soča Valley. The Resian phonetic development, however, has been very different from all other Slovene dialects, especially regarding the vocal system, although some of its features are common to Carinthian Slovene dialects.

Notable linguists who have studied the dialect include Jan Niecisław Baudouin de Courtenay, Eric Hamp, Milko Matičetov, and Roberto Dapit.

See also

External links

  • Resianic homepage, containing texts in Italian, German, Slovenian, and English, as well as a Resian-Slovenian dictionary
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