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Resumptive pronoun: Wikis

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A Resumptive pronoun is a pronoun in a relative clause which refers to the antecedent of the relative clause. The slight majority of world languages use resumptive pronouns instead of gaps in relative clauses. Resumptive pronouns become more common the deeper the relative clause is embedded because of greater processing constraints, even appearing in deeply embedded relative clauses in languages that do not usually allow relative pronouns.

Grammatical for most native English speakers: I saw the girl that is nice.

Ungrammatical for most native English speakers: I saw the girl that she is nice.

Marginally grammatical for most native English speakers: I saw the girl that your friend said that she is nice.

Grammatical for most native English speakers: Who is the girl that your friend said that she is nice?

References

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