The Full Wiki

Retinal migraine: Wikis

  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Retinal migraine
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G43.81

Retinal migraine (sub-category of ocular migraine) is a retinal disease accompanied by migraine headache and typically affects only one eye.

Contents

Symptoms

Retinal Migraine involves migraine headache associated with transient monocular visual loss (scotoma) lasting less than 1 hour.[1] During some episodes, the visual loss may occur with no headache and at other times throbbing headache on the same side of the head as the visual loss may occur, accompanied by severe light sensitivity and/or nausea. After each episode, normal vision returns.

It may be difficult to read and dangerous to drive a vehicle while retinal migraine symptoms are present.

Retinal migraine is a different disease than scintillating scotoma which is a visual anomaly caused by spreading depression in the occipital cortex, at the back of the brain, not in the eyes nor any component thereof, such as the retinas.[2]

Diagnosis

The medical exam should rule out any underlying causes, such as blood clot, stroke, or detached retina. A normal retina exam is consistent with retinal migraine.[3]

Treatment

Treatment depends on identifying behavior that triggers migraine such as stress, sleep deprivation, skipped meals, food sensitivities, or specific activities. Medicines used to treat retinal migraines include aspirin, other NSAIDS, and medicines that reduce high blood pressure.[4]

Prognosis

More than half of reported cases of Retinal Migraine subsequently experienced permanent visual loss in that eye from infarcts.[5]

See also

External links

References

  • "Retinal Migraine", Brian M. Grosberg, Seymour Solomon, and Richard B. Lipton, Current Pain and Headache Reports, vol 9 num 4 (August 2005), pages 268-271.
  1. ^ "Retinal Migraine" by Brian Grosberg et al.
  2. ^ Genetics in Migraine
  3. ^ Retinal (Ocular) Migraines
  4. ^ Retinal (Ocular) Migraines
  5. ^ "Retinal Migraine" by Brian Grosberg et al.







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message