The Full Wiki

Reuss Junior Line: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Reuss Younger Line article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fürstentum Reuß Jüngerer Linie
Principality of Reuss Younger Line

1806–1918
Flag Coat of arms
Reuss Younger Line within Thuringia
Capital Gera
Government Principality
History
 - Established 1806
 - Merged with Elder line 1918
 - Thuringia founded 1919
Area
 - 1905 827 km2 (319 sq mi)
Population
 - 1905 est. 145,000 
     Density 175.3 /km2  (454.1 /sq mi)

The Principality of Reuss Younger Line (German: Fürstentum Reuß Jüngerer Linie) formed a state in Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Gera, of Schleiz, of Lobenstein, of Köstritz and of Ebersdorf, became princes in 1806, and its members bore the title Prince Reuss, Younger Line. One may also refer to them using their branch names (for example: Prince Reuss of Köstriz).

Contents

Territory

The territories of four separate branches of the Younger Line amalgamated between 1824 and 1848.

In 1905 the Principality of Reuss Younger Line had an area of 827 km² and a population of 145,000, with Gera as its capital.

In the aftermath of World War I, the territory of the Younger Line merged with that of the Elder Line in 1919 as the Republic of Reuss, which in its turn became part of the new state of Thuringia on 1 May 1920.

The princely house

The House of Reuss practises an unusual system of naming and numbering the male members of the family, every one of which for centuries has borne the name "Heinrich". While most royal and noble houses give numbers only to the reigning head of the house, and that in the order of his reign, the Reuss Younger Line used a numbering sequence for all male family members which began and ended roughly as centuries began and ended. In consequence of this naming system, certain heads of the Reuss Younger Line have had the highest numbers attached to their name of all European nobility. Note also that the male children within a single nuclear family need not bear sequential numbers, as all members of the larger family take part in a common numbering system. For example, the sons of Prince Heinrich LXVII Reuss of Schleiz, in order of their births, used the names Heinrich V, Heinrich VIII, Heinrich XI, Heinrich XIV, and Heinrich XVI.

A notable member of this family, Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf (1757-1831), became the maternal grandmother of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

The designation "younger line" fell into abeyance in 1930; the "elder line" had become extinct as its last member, Heinrich XXIV, renounced his rights in 1918 and died unmarried in 1927.

Advertisements

The Princes Reuss, Younger Line (1806-1918)

  • Heinrich XLII 1806-1818
  • Heinrich LXII 1818-1854
  • Heinrich LXVII 1854-1867
  • Heinrich XIV 1867-1913
  • Heinrich XXVII 1913-1918

Monarchy abolished 1918.

Heads of the House of Reuss

  • Heinrich XXVII 1918-1928 (became "Prince Reuss" on the death of the last Prince of the Elder Line)
  • Heinrich XLV 1927-1945/1962 (went missing in 1945, declared dead in 1962)
  • Heinrich IV 1962-present

Other notable figures


Fürstentum Reuß Jüngerer Linie
Principality of Reuss Junior Line

1806–1918 File:Flagge Fürstentum Reuß ältere
File:Flagge Fürstentum Reuß jüngere File:Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Reuß jüngere
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Gera
Government Principality
History
 - Established 1806
 - Merged with Elder line 1918
 - Thuringia founded 1919
Area
 - 1905 827 km² (319 sq mi)
Population
 - 1905 est. 145,000 
     Density 175.3 /km²  (454.1 /sq mi)

The Principality of Reuss Junior Line (German: Fürstentum Reuß Jüngerer Linie) was a state in Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Gera, of Schleiz, of Lobenstein, of Köstritz and of Ebersdorf, became princes in 1806, and its members bore the title Prince Reuss, Younger Line, though they are also referred to by their branch names (e.g. Prince Reuss of Köstriz).

The house is unusual for its system of naming and numbering the male members of the family, every one of which has been named "Heinrich" for centuries. While most royal and noble houses give numbers only to the reigning head of the house, and that in the order of his reign, the Reuss Junior Line used a numbering sequence for all male family members which began and ended roughly as centuries began and ended. A consequence of this naming system is that certain heads of the Reuss Younger Line have had the highest numbers attached to their name of all the European nobility. Note also that the male children within a single nuclear family are not numbered sequentially, as all members of the larger family are part of the same numbering system. For example, the sons of Prince Heinrich LXVII Reuss of Schleiz were, in order, Heinrich V, Heinrich VIII, Heinrich XI, Heinrich XIV, and Heinrich XVI.

The Principality of Reuss Younger Line had an area of 827 km² and a population of 145,000 in 1905. Its capital was Gera. A notable member of this family was Augusta, the maternal grandmother of Queen Victoria.

In the aftermath of World War I, the territory of the Junior Line was merged with the Elder Line in 1919 as the Republic of Reuss, which was incorporated into the new state of Thuringia in 1919.

The designation younger line was dropped in 1930; the "elder line" had become extinct as its last member, Heinrich XXIV, renounced his rights in 1918 and died unmarried in 1927.

=Princes Reuss, Younger Line (1806-1918)

=

  • Heinrich XLII 1806-1818
  • Heinrich LXII 1818-1854
  • Heinrich LXVII 1854-1867
  • Heinrich XIV 1867-1913
  • Heinrich XXVII 1913-1918

Princes post monarchy

  • Heinrich XXVII 1918-1928 (Became Prince of Reuss on the death of the last Prince of the Elder Line)
  • Heinrich XLV 1927-1945/1962 (Went missing 1945, declared dead 1962)
  • Heinrich IV 1962-present

Other notable figures

Template:States of the Confederation of the Rhine


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message