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Reverend Gary Davis

Rev. Gary Davis
Early Recordings
Background information
Birth name Gary Davis
Also known as Blind Gary Davis
Born April 30, 1896(1896-04-30)
Laurens, South Carolina, United States
Origin Laurens, South Carolina, United States
Died May 5, 1972 (aged 76)
Hammonton, New Jersey, United States
Genres Gospel blues
Piedmont blues
Country blues
Folk-blues
Instruments Guitar, vocals
Years active 1930s – 1970s

Reverend Gary Davis, also Blind Gary Davis, (April 30, 1896 – May 5, 1972) was a blues and gospel singer and guitarist who was also proficient on the banjo and harmonica. His unique finger-picking guitar style influenced many other artists and his students in New York included Stefan Grossman, David Bromberg, Roy Book Binder, Larry Johnson, Woody Mann, Nick Katzman, Dave Van Ronk, Tom Winslow, and Ernie Hawkins.[1] He has influenced the Grateful Dead, Bob Dylan, Wizz Jones, Jorma Kaukonen, Keb' Mo', Ollabelle and Resurrection Band.

Contents

Biography

Gary Davis was born in Laurens, South Carolina, and was the only one of eight children his mother bore who survived to adulthood. He became blind as an infant. Davis reported that his father was killed in Birmingham, Alabama when Davis was ten, and Davis later said that he had been told that his father had been shot by the Birmingham High Sheriff. He recalled being poorly treated by his mother and that before his death his father had given him into the care of his paternal grandmother[2].

He took to the guitar and assumed a unique multi-voice style produced solely with his thumb and index finger, playing not only ragtime and blues tunes, but also traditional and original tunes in four-part harmony.

Bull City Blues, Durham, North Carolina

In the mid-1920s, Davis migrated to Durham, North Carolina, a major center for black culture at the time. There he collaborated with a number of other artists in the Piedmont blues scene including Blind Boy Fuller and Bull City Red.[1] In 1935, J. B. Long, a store manager with a reputation for supporting local artists, introduced Davis, Fuller and Red to the American Record Company. The subsequent recording sessions marked the real beginning of Davis' career. During his time in Durham, Davis converted to Christianity; he would later become ordained as a Baptist minister.[1] Following his conversion and especially his ordination, Davis began to express a preference for inspirational gospel music.

In the 1940s, the blues scene in Durham began to decline and Davis migrated to New York[1]. In 1951, well before his 'rediscovery', Davis's oral history was recorded by Elizabeth Lyttleton Harold (the wife of Alan Lomax) who transcribed their conversations into a 300+ page typescript.

The folk revival of the 1960s re-invigorated Davis' career, culminating in a performance at the Newport Folk Festival and the recording by Peter, Paul and Mary of "Samson and Delilah", also known as "If I Had My Way", originally a Blind Willie Johnson recording that Davis had popularized.

Davis died in May 1972, from a heart attack in Hammonton, New Jersey.[3]

Discography

Many of his records were published posthumously.

  • Little More Faith, Bluesville Records, Dec. 1961
  • Blind Reverend Gary Davis, Bluesville, Oct. 1962
  • Pure Religion, Command, July 1964, (re-released in 1970s by Prestige)
  • Blind Reverend Gary Davis, (different album of same name), Prestige, May 1964
  • Singing Reverend, Stimson, (with Sonny Terry)
  • Guitar & Banjo, Prestige, 1970s
  • Sun is Going Down, Folkways Records, 1976
  • Ragtime Guitar, Kicking Mule
  • Lo I Be with You Always, Kicking Mule
  • Children of Zion, Kicking Mule
  • Let Us Get Together, Kicking Mule
  • Lord I Wish I Could See, Biograph
  • Reverend Gary Davis, Biograph
  • Pure Religion and Bad Company, Smithsonian Folkways compilation album
  • If I Had My Way: Early Home Recordings, Smithsonian Folkways, 1993, recorded in 1953 by John Cohen
  • The Sun of Our Life, World Arbiter 2002 (previously unissued session tapes and sermon from mid 1950s)

See also

References

  • Stambler, Irwin and Lyndon. Folk and Blues, The Encyclopedia, New York, St. Martin's Press, 2001
  • Reevy, Tony and Caroline Weaver. "Street Sessions, piedmont style [sic]". Our State. July 2002
  • von Schmidt, Eric Remembering Reverend Gary Davis Sing Out! 51(4)67-73 2008

Further reading

  • Tilling, Robert. Oh, What a Beautiful City! A Tribute To Rev. Gary Davis. Paul Mill Press, 1992.
  • Mann, Woody. Ragtime and Gospel, Oak Publications, 2003.

External links

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