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The execution of Horea and Cloşca
The wooden church in Horea's village

The Revolt of Horea, Cloşca and Crişan (2 November 1784 - 28 February 1785) began in Zarand County, Transylvania, but it soon spread all throughout the Apuseni Mountains. Their main demands were related to the feudal serfdom and the lack of political equality between Romanians and other ethnicities of Transylvania.

The leaders were Horea (Vasile Ursu Nicola (1731 - 1785)), Cloşca (Ion Oargă (1747 - 1785)) and Crişan (Marcu Giurgiu (1733 - 1785)).

They fought at Câmpeni, Abrud and Roşia and defeated the Austrian Imperial Army at Brad on 27 November 1784.

The revolt was crushed on 28 February 1785 at Dealul Furcilor (Forks Hill), Alba-Iulia, and afterwards the leaders were caught. Horea and Cloşca were executed by breaking on the wheel. Crişan hanged himself on the night before the execution.


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