The Full Wiki

More info on Revolutionary Communist Party of India

Revolutionary Communist Party of India: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Revolutionary Communist Party of India is a political party in India. The party was founded by Saumyendranath Tagore in 1934, breaking away from the Communist Party of India. During the period 1934-1938 the name of the party was Communist League. The name RCPI was taken at the 3rd party congress in 1938.

RCPI were against the new Popular Frontist politics of CPI and the cooperation with the Indian National Congress. During Second World War RCPI supported the Quit India Movement, och and a large part of the leadership was imprisoned.

After the war RCPI started organizing soviets (panchayats) amongst peasants and workers, as a first step towards the Indian revolution. Differnent views on the revolutionary what led to a split in 1948, and Pannanlal Dasgupta (who was general secretary of RCPI during the war years) broke away and formed his own RCPI: Dasgupta advocated armed struggle. The leadership of Dasgupta’s party was later on taken over by Sudhir Kumar.

In 1960 the trotskyist Revolutionary Workers Party merged with the RCPI of Kumar. In the state elections in West Bengal the RCPI of Kumar won several seats. But when the RCPI of Kumar supported Nehru’s line in the war against China, many of the leading Trotskyists pulled out of RCPI.

Ahead of the 1967 elections the RCPI of Tagore had been registered under the name Bharater Biplabi Communist Party (RCPI in Bengali) whereas Kumar’s party had been registered under the name RCPI.

What later happened to the RCPI of Tagore is unclear. If one studies electoral results from 1971 it appears that he switched over to Kumar’s party (the election results shows a Soumendra Nath Tagore as an RCPI candidate, in the same constituency were Sauyendra Nath Tagore stood for BBCP in 1969. It also possible that it is just a mix-up on behalf of the Election Commission.), at the same time as the BBCP lived on. The registered name BBCP disappeared in 1972 but resurged in 1977. According to Alexander (see below) Tagore’s party was split in two, with one led by Anandi Das. But earlier Anandi Das had been part of Kumar’s RCPI.

During the 1980’s Kumar’s RCPI participated in elections as independent candidates. The party was split in two, and in 1991 West Bengal state assembly elections two RCPIs contested in the Hansan constituency. RCPI (Rasik Bhatt) and RCPI (Gouranga Sit). Later RCPI(GS) seems to have disappeared. Also the parties formed out of Tagore’s RCPI seems to have disappeared. RCPI (Rasik Bhatt) is most likely RCPI group still around. The party has a very limited presence in West Bengal and Assam, and has at times been part of Left Front governments in West Bengal. It is led by Mihir Bain.Subhash Roy is one of the senior leaders of this party and at times he represents it in LF meetings. The party is a member of the Left Front in West Bengal. In the city of Howrah RCPI won a seat in the municipal council polls in 2003 (In total the Left Front had put up two RCPI-candidates in the city).In the 2008 Panchayet elections, it has won 3 panchayet seats and a zilla parishad seat in Nadia. The party has retained its lone ward in Howrah municipal corporation elections in 2008.

The party had a base in the Shantipore constituency in Nadia district of West Bengal for a long time. The seat was represented by veteren leader late Bimalananda Mukherjee many times. In 2006, CPI(M) has snatched this seat from RCPI's quota and currently the party has left with only the Hasan assembly segment in Birbhum district to contest with as a LF constituent. RCPI had participated in various mass-movements along with the other left parties during the Congres rule in Bengal. The party has little influence left in Assam. In 2009, its two candidates in Jorhat and Guhawati constituencies received 5642 and 7477 votes respectively. Raj Kumar Dowara and Ambu Bora were the candidates respectively.


Basthura Kalyan Parishad (Refugee Welfare Council) was an RCPI-related (unclear which faction) organization active in camps for refugees from East Pakistan who came to West Bengal after Partition in 1947. RCPI was especially active in the camps near Nadia.

The party Real Communist Party of India which existed around 1991, was most probably an RCPI-splinter-group.

Election results

Election results listed by registered party name. Only RCPI-factions which were registered are listed. Winning candidates are marked by *.

Assam 1962

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI 35. GOSSALGAON PRAKASH BORO 1 308 5,61%
52. SORBHOG SRIHARI BARMAN 5 154 18,82%
87. TEOK KSHETRADHAR BARBARUA 2 652 13,27%
88. AMGURI KHAGEN BARBARUA* 8 798 42,80%
89. MAZIRA SARAT CHANDRA DUTTA 1 571 7,24%
90. SONARI HARI KANTA BARUAH 1 241 7,44%
91. THOWRA BUDDHA BARUA 7 574 27,90%
92. SIBSAGAR RAJANI PHUKAN 951 3,94%

Assam 1978

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI 81. LAHARIGHAT FAIZUDDIN 476 1,01%
82. RAHA (SC) MOHAN 2 796 5,50%
83. DHING MD. SAMSUL HUDA* 32 394 76,17%
84. BATADROBA BANESWAR SAIKIA* 13 073 29,02%
89. KALIABOR RUPAM BORA 872 2,45%
103. AMGURI KHAGEN BORBARUA* 11 949 35,60%
105. MAHMARA BUDHA BARUA* 7 574 20,90%
106. SONARI STEN BARUAH 697 1,83%
107. THOWRA SUSEN DEORI 2 465 7,35%
108. SIBSAGAR RAJANI PHUKAN 149 0,32%

Assam 1991

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI(RB) 82. RAHA (SC) MOHAN HAZARIKA 776 1,00%
83. DHING A. RASHID 621 0,84%
84. BATADROBA BANESWAR SAIKIA 895 1,31%

Assam 1996

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI(RB) 82. RAHA (SC) MOHAN HAZARIKA 418 0,47%
83. DHING ABDUR RASHID 522 0,63%
84. BATADROBA PANKAJ SAIKIA 134 0,17%
86. NOWGONG NOOR MAMUD 186 0,22%
101. MARIANI SUNIL KURMI 517 0,90%
105. MAHMARA PRAFULLA GOGOI 1598 2,59%

Assam 2001

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI(RB) 83. DHING ABDUR RASHID 301 0,32%
84. BATADROBA BANESWAR SAIKIA 275 0,34%

West Bengal 1969

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI 73. SANTIPUR M. MAKSHED ALI 21 848 47,49%
115. PATHARPRATIMA GADADHAR BARIK 243 0,41%
153. HOWRAH CENTRAL ANADI DAS* 28 522 58,85%
252. FARIDPUR KISHORE CHATTERJEE 568 1,48%
RCPI 76. CHAKDAH TAGORE SAUYENDRA NATH 7 013 13,23%
77. HARINGHATA MANOHAR RAY 499 0,91%

West Bengal 1971

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI 62. BARWAN MRITYUNHOY GHOSE 779 2,16%
73. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE* 16 818 39,73%
76. CHAKDAH SOMENDRA NATH TAGORE 5 348 9,29%
153. HOWRAH CENTRAL SUDHIN KUMAR* 12 616 39,80%
156. DOMJUR NIRDHAN SARDAR 880 1,54%
246. BARABANI MAJI DAKSHINESWAR 531 1,28%
278. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHAN MAL* 9 181 44,20%
BBCP 91. GOSABA (SC) KAMALAPADA MONDAL 653 1,21%
232. RAIPUR (ST) SYAM CHARAN MANDY 5 945 13,60%
234. INDPUR (SC) PRAYAG MANDAL* 9 786 29,44%

West Bengal 1972

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI 73. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE 18 626 40,58%
153. HOWRAH CENTRAL SUDHINDRA NATH KUMAR 15 870 37,77%
278. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHAN MAL 12542 42,01%

West Bengal 1977

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI 73. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE* 28 553 55,72%
217. PINGLA MALATI BHUSAN HAZRA 10 218 22,65%
278. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHAN MAL* 14 883 39,60%
BBCP 82. CHAKDAHA TAPASH KUMAR CHAKRABORTY 498 0,84%
216 . SABANG GOURANGA SAMANTA* 19 730 41,94%
247 . INDPUR (SC) RADHARAMAN MOI 15 727 33,90%

West Bengal 1991

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI(RB) 292. HANSAN (SC) TRILOCHON DAS* 37878 42,05%
RCPI(GS) 292. HANSAN (SC) UMA KANTA RAY 983 1,09%

West Bengal 1996

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI(RB) 78. SANTIPUR BIMALANANDA MUKHERJEE 67 793 42,74%
292. HANSAN (SC) MIHIR BAIN 37 573 35,21%

West Bengal 2001

Party name: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
RCPI(RB) 78. SANTIPUR ASIM GHOSH 6 527 4,06%
292. HANSAN (SC) MIHIR BAIN 41 858 39,54%

Lok Sabha Election Results for RCPI/RCPI(RB) from Assam:

Year of election Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
1962 11. SIBSAGAR RAJANI PHUKAH 33 488 16,08%
1971 10. NOWGONG BANESWAR SAIKIA 32 619 14,34%
1971 12. JORHAT KHOGEN BAR BARUAH 31 810 17,10%
1977 11. KALIABOR SHAMSUL HUDA 45 047 15,63%
1996 10. NOWGONG BANESWAR SAIKIA 1 803 0,25%
1998 11. KALIABOR ABDUR RASHID 2778 0,43%
1998 12. JORHAT PADMA KAMAL PHUKON 1632 0,49%
1999 11. KALIABOR BANESWAR SAIKIA 1516 0,20%
2004 12. JORHAT RAJ KUMAR DOWARA 16691 2,50%

Lok Sabha för RCPI from Bihar

Year of election: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
1962 12. SITAMARHI ALISHER ANSARI 27 325 11,47%
1971 23. KATIHAR LAKSHMI NARAYAN SINGH 1 193 0,43%

The Lok Sabha election results of 1951 mentions one RCPI (registered as a national party), but it is unclear which faction it was (most probably RCPI (Pannanlal)).

State: Constituency: Name of candidate: No. of votes: %:
West Bengal 19. SANTIPUR BIML KUMAR CHATTERJEE 26 245 16,31%
Patiala and East Punjab States Union 2. SANGRUR BAKSHI RAM 41 030 19,38%

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message