Reynolds County, Missouri: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Reynolds County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Reynolds County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Seat Centerville
Largest city Ellington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

814 sq mi (2,109 km²)
811 sq mi (2,101 km²)
3 sq mi (8 km²), 0.39%
PopulationEst.
 - (2008)
 - Density

6,388
8/sq mi (3/km²)
Founded 1845
Named for Thomas Reynolds, former Governor of Missouri
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Reynolds County is a county located in the northwestern portion of the Ozark Foothills Region in Southeast Missouri in the United States. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the county's population was 6,689. A 2008 estimate, however, showed the population to be 6,388. Its county seat is Centerville[1]. The county was officially organized on February 25, 1845, and was named in honor of Thomas Reynolds, the former governor of Missouri.

Contents

History

Reynolds County was officially organized on February 25, 1845. It is still an area of rugged beauty near the geologic center of the Ozark Highland. Reynolds County was formerly part of Ripley County which was formed in 1831 and part of Wayne County which was formed in 1818. It was also previously part of Washington County and part of Ste. Genevieve County.

The Reynolds County Courthouse has burned twice. The first time was in December 1863 when the Confederate army burned it. A new courthouse was built in the fall of 1867 on the same foundation as the previous one. This courthouse was burned in late November 1871. Both times all records were destroyed. Temporary quarters again burned May 27, 1872, while a new "fireproof" courthouse was being built.

Education

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Reynolds County, 65.2% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 7.5% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

Advertisements

Public Schools

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 814 square miles (2,109 km²), of which, 811 square miles (2,101 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (8 km²) of it (0.39%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 6,689 people, 2,721 households, and 1,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,759 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.65% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Approximately 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Reynolds County were 37.6% American, 12.1% Irish, 11.6% German, and 11.4% English, according to Census 2000.

There were 2,721 households out of which 27.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 27.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,546, and the median income for a family was $37,891. Males had a median income of $26,753 versus $18,322 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,847. About 16.10% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Politics

Local

Politics at the local level in Reynolds County is completely controlled by the Democratic Party. All of Reynolds County's elected officeholders are Democrats.

Office Incumbent Party
Assessor Rick Parker Democratic
Circuit Clerk & Ex Officio Recorder Randy L. Cowin Democratic
Clerk Mike Harper Democratic
Collector Judy A. Cook Democratic
Commissioner – District 1 Doug Warren Democratic
Commissioner – District 2 Wayne Henson Democratic
Coroner Jeffrey N. McSpadden Democratic
Presiding Commissioner Donald Barnes Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Robert A. Johnson Democratic
Public Administrator Heather Stucker Democratic
Sheriff Tom Volner Democratic
Treasurer Elaine Albert Democratic

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 37.73% 1,223 58.65% 1,901 3.61% 117
2004 53.61% 1,746 45.13% 1,470 1.25% 41
2000 46.29% 1,416 48.38% 1,480 5.33% 163
1996 30.81% 886 66.93% 1,925 2.26% 65

Reynolds County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.

  • District 150 – Rep. Jason T. Smith (R-Salem) Consists of the extreme northwestern parts of the county. Smith defeated James D. Ellis (D) by more than a two-to-one margin in the district, 69.97-30.03 percent; the Reynolds County precincts backed Smith by less than that, 61.54-38.46 percent.
  • District 152 – Rep. J.C. Kuessner (D-Eminence) Consists of most of the entire county. In 2008, Kuessner defeated Eric “Rick” Mansfield (R) and Thad Wheeler of the Constitution Party, taking in 70.32 percent of the vote in the entire district to Mansfield’s 26.38 percent and Wheeler’s 3.30 percent; Reynolds County backed Kuessner with 74.08%, Mansfield with 23.39%, and Wheeler with 2.54%.

Reynolds County is also a part of Missouri's 3rd Senatorial District and is currently represented by State Senator Kevin Engler (R-Farmington). In 2008, Engler defeated Dennis Riche (D) 58.72-41.28 percent. Reynolds County backed Engler with 60.29 percent while Riche received 39.71 percent. The 3rd Senatorial District consists of Carter, Iron, Reynolds, St. Francois, Ste. Genevieve and Washington counties as well as parts of Jefferson County.

In Missouri's gubernatorial election of 2008, Governor of Missouri Jay Nixon (D) defeated former U.S. Representative Kenny Hulshof (R) with 58.40 percent of the total statewide vote. Nixon performed extremely well and won many of the rural counties in the state, including Reynolds County. The former attorney general Nixon carried Reynolds County by a wide margin with 58.65 percent of the vote to Hulshof’s 37.74 percent.

Federal

In the U.S. House of Representatives, Reynolds County is represented by Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau) who represents all of Southeast Missouri as part of Missouri's 8th Congressional District.

Political Culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 54.21% 1,782 43.14% 1,418 2.65% 87
2004 56.36% 1,896 43.07% 1,449 0.57% 19
2000 56.28% 1,762 41.46% 1,298 2.26% 71
1996 30.51% 903 55.10% 1,631 14.39% 426

At the presidential level, Reynolds County is fairly independent-leaning but unlike many rural counties, it has a tendency to lean Democratic. While George W. Bush carried Reynolds County in 2000 and 2004, the margins of victory were smaller than in many of the rural areas. Bill Clinton also carried Reynolds County both times in 1992 and 1996, and like most of the rural counties in Missouri, Reynolds County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008, although not as strongly as the rest of the rural areas.

Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Reynolds County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles but are more moderate or populist on economic issues, typical of the Dixiecrat philosophy. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Reynolds County with 85.41 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Reynolds County with 54.15 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Reynolds County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Reynolds County with 77.50 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

2008 Missouri Presidential Primary

In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primary, voters in Ripley County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

Republican

Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) won Reynolds County with 46.09 percent of the vote. U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) finished in second place in Reynolds County with 32.90 percent. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts) came in third place, receiving 15.15 percent of the vote while libertarian-leaning U.S. Representative Ron Paul (R-Texas) finished fourth with 4.07 percent in Reynolds County.

Huckabee slightly led Missouri throughout much of the evening until the precincts began reporting from St. Louis where McCain won and put him over the top of Huckabee. In the end, McCain received 32.95 percent of the vote to Huckabee’s 31.53 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. McCain received all of Missouri’s 58 delegates as the Republican Party utilizes the winner-take-all system.

Democratic

Former U.S. Senator and now Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) won Reynolds County with more than a two-to-one margin over now President Barack Obama (D-Illinois). Clinton carried Reynolds County with 66.22 percent of the vote while Obama received 24.75 percent of the vote. Although he withdrew from the race, former U.S. Senator John Edwards (D-North Carolina) still received 6.26 percent of the vote in Reynolds County while 1.43 percent voted uncommitted.

Clinton had a large initial lead in Missouri at the beginning of the evening as the rural precincts began to report, leading several news organizations to call the state for her; however, Obama rallied from behind as the heavily African American precincts from St. Louis began to report and eventually put him over the top. In the end, Obama received 49.32 percent of the vote to Clinton’s 47.90 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. Both candidates split Missouri’s 72 delegates as the Democratic Party utilizes proportional representation.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 741, than any candidate from either party in Reynolds County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primaries. She also received more votes than the total number of votes cast in the entire Republican Primary in Reynolds County.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

Coordinates: 37°22′N 90°58′W / 37.36°N 90.97°W / 37.36; -90.97


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Reynolds County, Missouri
Map
File:Map of Missouri highlighting Reynolds County.png
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1845
Seat Centerville
Largest City Ellington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.39%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

6689
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Named for: Former Missouri Governor Thomas Reynolds

Reynolds County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of 2000, the population is 6,689. Its county seat is Centerville6. The county was organized in 1845 and named for Missouri governor Thomas Reynolds.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,109 km² (814 sq mi). 2,101 km² (811 sq mi) of it is land and 8 km² (3 sq mi) of it (0.39%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 6,689 people, 2,721 households, and 1,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 3/km² (8/sq mi). There were 3,759 housing units at an average density of 2/km² (5/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.65% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.6% were of American, 12.1% Irish, 11.6% German and 11.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,721 households out of which 27.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 27.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,867, and the median income for a family was $31,383. Males had a median income of $26,753 versus $18,322 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,065. About 16.10% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns


Coordinates: 37°22′N 90°58′W / 37.36, -90.97

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Reynolds County, Missouri. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Reynolds County, MissouriRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Missouri  +
Short name Reynolds County  +

This article uses material from the "Reynolds County, Missouri" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message