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National Center for Physics

Established January 27, 1999 (1999-01-27) (11 years ago)
Research Type Physics's Research Insitution
Field of Research Laser Physics
Nuclear Technology
Particle Physics
Astrophysics
Life Science
Plasma Physics and other major fields of physics
Director Dr. Hamid Saleem
Location Islamabad, Pakistan
Address Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad - 44000 - Pakistan
Telephone 00-92-51-2077300
Nickname NCP
Affiliations Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
European Organization for Nuclear Research
International Centre for Theoretical Physics
Website NCP Homepage

National Center for physics is a physics research center and physics laboratory in Islamabad, Pakistan.It operates under a tripartite agreement among the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), and International Centre for Theoretical Physics. The NCP was ran by Government of Pakistan till March 2004. However, in April 2004, Government of Pakistan made the organization as its one of the autonomous scientific ogranization and funded by the Government of Pakistan[1].

Contents

History

National Center for Physics started its scientific activities on January 27, 1999 by holding a one day symposium on Frontiers of Fundamental Physics. NCP was inaugurated by Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, then-Chairman of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, on May 16, 2000. The Director General of European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), dr. Luciano Maiani and distinguished members of his delegation, the Vice Chancellor of Quaid-i-Azam University, Dr. Tariq Saddiqui and other dignitaries, witnessed the inauguration[1].

NCP offers research in differen branches of Physics such as particle Physics, computational physics, Astrophysics, Cosmology, Atmospheric physics, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics, Chemical physics, Condensed matter physics, (Fluid dynamics , Laser Physics, Mathematical physics, [Plasma Physics]· , Quantum field theory, Nano Physics

Collaboration with European Organization for Nuclear Research

NCP is incollaborating with Cern in the field of experimental HEP. NCP and CERN are involved in the development, testing and fabrication of 432 Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) required for the CMS muon detector at CERN. The RPC has an excellent time resolution i.e. of the order of 1-2 nanoseconds and it will be used for the bunch tagging at LHC. At the national level, this project is a joint collaboration of NCP and PAEC, whereas at international level, NCP also collaborating with Italy, China, South Korea and USA.

The RPC is a gaseous detector made using two parallel-plates of bakelite with high resistivity. Each RPC for CMS will be equipped with 96 electronic channels, which will be readout are based on 0.14 micron BiCMOS technology. For the complete system, number of readout channels are around 50,000. RNCP has an experimental high energy physics laboratory which is equipped with the high speed and advanced data acquisition system based on VME standards. This laboratory is used for prototyping and testing of RPCs at present.

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Advanced Scientific Computing

High performance and data intense computing is the back bone of modern-day science. There are stringent requirements for computing at LHC. To exploit the full physics potential of LHC data in comprehensive manner. NCP will require high performance computing for accelerator physics, computational condensed matter physics and theoretical particle physics. For accessing and managing the LHC data novel techniques like the concept of data and computing grids are used. CERN has evolved a new project called the LHC Computing Grid (LCG). NCP is a partner of CERN in this project and it is the only LCG node in Pakistan.

Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP)

NCP signed a memorandum of understanding during dr. K. R. Sreenivasan, Director ICTP's visit to Pakistan from June 26 to June 30, 2005. In addition, the Centre carries out research in areas that are not covered by any institute of Physics. One such area being pursued by the Centre involves a number of activities in Experimental High-Energy Physics through a co-operative agreement with CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Besides this, NCP has collaborations with several international institutes and universities in the field of theoretical physics including AS-ICTP, Trieste, Italy; Centre for Plasma Astrophysics (CPA), K-Leuven University, Belgium; Tokyo University, Tokyo, Japan; Ruhr University, Bochum (RUB), Germany and many others. Several research papers are published in reputed international journals each year from NCP through national and international collaborations.

Project and Activities

  • The Synchrotron Radiation Source (SRS), now deactivated.
  • HPCx, a supercomputer.
  • Pelletron (accelerator), an electron accelerator previously known as ERLP (Energy Recovery Linac Prototype).
  • Tandem electrostatic accelerators,a negatively charged ion gains energy by attraction to the very high positive voltage at the geometric centre of the pressure vessel.
  • The New Light Source, a project which has evolved from the previous 4GLS project.
  • Monte Carlo Generators, an electron accelerator.
  • Compact Muon Solenoid

Global cooperation

RNCP and the Other independent countries have signed formal Memorandum of Understanding agreements are below:

See also

External Links

More Info

References


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