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Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo: Wikis

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The Right Honourable
 The Earl of Mayo 
KP, GMSI, PC


In office
12 January 1869 – 8 February 1872
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir John Lawrence, Bt
Succeeded by Sir John Strachey (acting)

Born 21 February 1822 (1822-02-21)
Dublin
Died 8 February 1872 (1872-02-09)
Port Blair, Andaman Islands
Nationality Irish
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Hon. Blanche Wyndham
(d. 1918)
Alma mater Trinity College, Dublin

Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo KP, GMSI, PC (21 February 1822 – 8 February 1872), styled Lord Naas between 1842 and 1867, was an Irish statesman and prominent member of the British Conservative Party.

Contents

Background and education

Mayo was born in Dublin, the eldest son of Robert Bourke, 5th Earl of Mayo, and his wife Anne Charlotte, daughter of the Hon. John Jocelyn. His younger brother the Hon. Robert Bourke was also a successful politician. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin.[1]

Political career

After travelling in Russia, Mayo entered parliament for Kildare in 1847, a seat he held until 1852, and then represented Coleraine from 1852 to 1857 and Cockermouth from 1857 to 1868. He was thrice appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland - in 1852, 1858 and 1866 - and in 1869 he became the fourth Viceroy of India. He consolidated the frontiers of India and reorganised the country's finances; he also did much to promote irrigation, railways, forests and other useful public works. The European-oriented Mayo College at Ajmer was founded by him for the education of young Indian chiefs, with £70,000 being subscribed by the chiefs themselves.

Assassination

While visiting the convict settlement at Port Blair in the Andaman Islands, for the purpose of inspection, he was assassinated by Sher Ali, a Pathan convict who used a knife. His murderer appeared to be motivated only by a sense of injustice at his own imprisonment, and had resolved to kill a high ranking colonial official.[2] Mayo's body was brought home to Ireland and buried at the medieval ruined church in Johnstown, County Kildare, near his home at Palmerstown House. On 19 August 1875 a statue of Lord Mayo was unveiled in the town of Cockermouth in the centre of the main street. The eight hundred guinea cost of the statue (made by Messrs. Willis of London) had been raised by public subscription. The unveiling was attended by Mayo's son, the 7th Earl; Lord Napier and Ettrick; the then Bishop of Carlisle Harvey Goodwin: and the Earl of Lonsdale. The statue, carved in Sicilian marble, depicts Lord Mayo in his viceregal garb, and still stands today.[3]

Family

Lord Mayo married Blanche Julia, daughter of George Wyndham, 1st Baron Leconfield, in 1848. He was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son Richard. Lady Mayo died in 1918.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 1876 biography online
  2. ^ Murder of Lord Mayo online details
  3. ^ Annual Register. pp. 74–75.  

References

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard More O'Ferrall
Robert Archbold
Member of Parliament for Kildare
1847–March 1852
With: Marquess of Kildare
Succeeded by
Willian Cogan
Marquess of Kildare
Preceded by
John Boyd
Member of Parliament for Coleraine
18521857
Succeeded by
John Boyd
Preceded by
Henry Wyndham
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
18571868
Succeeded by
Isaac Fletcher
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir William Somerville, Bt
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1852
Succeeded by
Sir John Young, Bt
Preceded by
Henry Arthur Herbert
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1858–1859
Succeeded by
Edward Cardwell
Preceded by
Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1866–1868
Succeeded by
John Wilson-Patten
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Lawrence, Bt
Viceroy of India
1869–1872
Succeeded by
Sir John Strachey (acting)
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Robert Bourke
Earl of Mayo
1867–1872
Succeeded by
Dermot Bourke
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