Richard Dimbleby: Wikis

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Richard Dimbleby
Born Fredick Richard Dimbleby
25 May 1913(1913-05-25)
near Richmond, England
Died 22 December 1965 (aged 52)
St Thomas' Hospital, London, England
Cause of death Lung cancer
Nationality British
Education Mill Hill School, London
Occupation Broadcaster
Employer BBC
Children David Dimbleby
Jonathan Dimbleby
two further children

Richard Dimbleby CBE (25 May 1913 – 22 December 1965) was an English journalist and broadcaster widely acknowledged as one of the greatest figures in British broadcasting history.

Contents

Biography

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Early life

Frederick Richard Dimbleby was born near Richmond[1], in the western suburbs of London, the son of Gwendoline Mabel (Bolwell) and Frederick Jabez George Dimbleby, a journalist.[2] He was educated at the independent Mill Hill School in North London. He did not go to university. His great grandfather Jabez Bunting (J.B.) Dimbleby, born in Beverley, Yorkshire, was the first of the Dimbleby family to become involved in journalism. He was editor of the journal All Past Time "A journal devoted to the application of Astronomy to the measurement of time" and was described as the premier chronologist to the "British Chronological and Astronomical Association". He wrote a number of works on chronology, including The Appointed Time (translated into Swedish and Norwegian), and the anti-darwinian "The Bible’s Astronomical Chronology versus Evolution" (1905)[3]. Richard's grandfather Frederick William Dimbleby joined the Richmond and Twickenham Times in 1874 and bought the newspaper in 1894 after its founder, Edward King was declared insane[4].

Dimbleby began his career at The Richmond and Twickenham Times in 1931. He joined the BBC as a radio news reporter in 1936, and in 1939, became their first war correspondent. He accompanied the British Expeditionary Force to France. He made broadcasts from the battle of El Alamein and the Normandy beaches during the D-Day landings.

During the war, he flew on some 20 raids as an observer with RAF Bomber Command, including one to Berlin, recording commentary for broadcast the following day. In 1945, he broadcast the first reports from Belsen concentration camp.[5] He also was one of the first journalists to experiment with unconventional outside broadcasts, such as when flying in a de Havilland Mosquito accompanying a fighter aircraft raid on France, or being submerged in a diving suit, and also describing the wrecked interior of Hitler's Reich Chancellery at the war's end.

He was a contemporary of fellow commentator Brian Johnston who, while better known for sports commentary and light journalism, also shared the job of covering national events with him. Dimbleby was, unlike Johnston, not a traditional 'establishment' figure; he was one of the first well-known media professionals not to have attended a major public school or Oxbridge.

Married[6] to Dilys Thomas in Copthorne, West Sussex in 1937, Dimbleby had four children, two of whom, David and Jonathan, have followed in his footsteps to become major broadcasting figures in their own right, both anchoring election night broadcasts (David on the BBC, Jonathan on ITN).

Broadcasting career

After the war Dimbleby switched to television, eventually becoming the BBC's leading news commentator, and is perhaps best remembered as the commentator on a number of major public occasions. These included the coronation of Elizabeth II in 1953 and the funerals of George VI, John F. Kennedy[7], and Winston Churchill. He wrote a book about the coronation, Elizabeth Our Queen, which was given free to many schoolchildren at the time.

He took part in the first Eurovision television relay in 1951 and appeared in the first live television broadcast from the Soviet Union in 1961. He also introduced a special programme in July 1962 showing the first live television signal from the United States via the Telstar satellite. His commentary: "there is a face... it's a man's face! I can see a man's face!" became iconic. In addition to heavyweight journalism, he hosted lighter programmes such as Twenty Questions and Down Your Way.

From 1955 he was the host of the flagship current affairs series Panorama. This programme saw him use his journalistic skills to full advantage in conducting searching, but polite interviews with key figures of the day, while acting as an urbane anchorman for the programme.[citation needed] He was able to maintain his reporting talents by visiting places like Berlin, standing in front of the Brandenburg Gate a week before the Berlin Wall was erected across it by the communist authorities of East Germany.

Dimbleby's reputation was built upon his ability to describe events clearly yet with a sense of the drama and poetry of the many state occasions he covered. Examples included the Lying-in-State of George VI in Westminster Hall where he depicted the stillness of the guardsmen standing like statues at the four corners of the catafalque, or the description of the drums at Kennedy's funeral which, he said, "beat as the pulse of a man's heart." His commentary for the funeral of Churchill in January 1965 was the last state event he commentated upon.

To produce his commentaries he carried out encyclopedic research on all aspects of the venues of great events, their history and that of the ceremonies taking place, and the personalities involved. This was a necessary part of radio commentary, which transferred well to television coverage. He could also improvise extensively if there were delays in the schedule. His audience always felt that they were in "safe hands", especially in Panorama programmes like the one dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Inevitably, because of his close association with establishment figures and royalty, some people criticised his "hushed tones" style of speaking at state occasions, claiming he was pompous. In an interview he laughed-off such attacks explaining that, even though he had to use a special microphone which covered his mouth to obviate his speaking disrupting the solemn atmosphere, he still had to pitch his voice low to avoid his voice carrying. A more common touch was demonstrated in his friendly broadcasts like Down Your Way where he met thousands of ordinary people in towns and villages, and the many trade unionists, politicians and industrialists etc who appeared on Panorama and other programmes. Dimbleby also showed stamina and imperturbability in marathon election night broadcasts which ran from 10pm when the polls closed to around 6 or 7 the following morning.

Controversy and comedy

An infamous, if isolated, incident occurred when Dimbleby uttered the mild swearwords, "Jesus wept," while unaware the microphone was live. He had been commentating for half an hour during the 1965 state visit[8] of HM Queen Elizabeth II to West Berlin, without knowing that the TV pictures had failed for all that time. It meant he would have to cover much ground all over again. During his time with Panorama Dimbleby also reported the famous spaghetti tree hoax on 1 April 1957, as an April Fool's Day joke.

Honours

He was appointed an OBE in 1945 and advanced to CBE, one rank below a knighthood in the Order of the British Empire, in 1959.

Death and legacy

Richard Dimbleby died in St Thomas' Hospital, London[9], at the age of 52, from, according to Action on Smoking and Health, lung cancer, attributed to his habit of smoking 40 cigarettes a day[10]. However, in an interview with the Daily Mail, his son David reportedly said "treatment then wasn't as good as it is now, but he had testicular cancer which spread because he left it".[11] Two weeks before his death, he presented a documentary on the links between heavy tobacco smoking and lung cancer. Dimbleby decided to admit he was ill with cancer, which, in those days, was a taboo disease to mention. It was helpful in building public consciousness of the disease and investing more resources in finding a cure. The Richard Dimbleby Cancer Fund was founded in his memory.

Richard Dimbleby lecture

The Richard Dimbleby Lecture was founded in his memory and is delivered every year by an influential public figure. The 2004 lecture was delivered by vacuum cleaner tycoon, James Dyson; in 2005 by Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir Ian Blair; by General Sir Mike Jackson in 2006, by genetics pioneer Dr J Craig Venter in 2007 and by HRH The Prince of Wales in 2009. The 2010 lecture was delivered by Discworld author Sir Terry Pratchett.

See also

References

  1. ^ GRO Register of Births: SEP 1913 3a 188 BRENTFORD - Frederick R Dimbleby, mmn = Bolwell
  2. ^ Family detective - Telegraph
  3. ^ Di - New General Catalog of Old Books & Authors
  4. ^ Richmond and Twickenham Times: Contact Us: History of Richmond
  5. ^ BBC web page on Belsen report
  6. ^ "Richard Dimbleby, Broadcaster", 1975. A biography written by Jonathan Dimbleby.
  7. ^ Audio from Kennedy funeral
  8. ^ Queen Elizabeth II paid an 11-day visit to the Federal Republic of Germany
  9. ^ thePeerage.com - Person Page 19624
  10. ^ ASH marks 40th anniversary of the 1962 report
  11. ^ Collins, Laura The truth about my father's death, by David Dimbleby Mail Online - Femail, 7 June 2008, accessed 11 June 2008

External links


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