From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Richard Lawrence Garwin (born April 19, 1928 in
Cleveland, Ohio), is an
American physicist. He received his
degree from the Case Institute of
Technology in 1947 and obtained his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1949,
where he worked in the lab of Enrico Fermi.
Garwin is IBM
Fellow Emeritus at the
Thomas J. Watson Research
Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. For many years he was an
adjunct professor of physics at Columbia
University and, from 1952, a scientist at the IBM Watson
Laboratory at Columbia University,
retiring from IBM in 1993. He
has also been an Andrew D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell
Garwin received the National Medal of Science,
the nation's highest honor for the fields of science and
engineering, award year 2002.
Among other things, Garwin was the author of the actual design
used in the first hydrogen bomb
(code-named Mike) in
1952. He was
assigned the job by Edward Teller, with the instructions that
he was to make it as conservative a design as possible in order to
prove the concept was feasible (as such, the Mike device was not
intended to be a usable weapon design, with tons of cryogenic
equipment required for its use).
While at IBM, he was the "catalyst" for the discovery and
publication of the Cooley–Tukey FFT algorithm,
and did research on inkjet
Dr. Garwin is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists. He also
served on the
Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United
States in 1998. He is also a member of the JASON Defense Advisory
William J. Broad (October 8, 1999). "Physicist and Rebel Is
Bruised, Not Beaten". The New York Times. http://www.cndyorks.gn.apc.org/news/articles/testban11.htm.
Brennan, Jean Ford, The IBM Watson Laboratory
at Columbia University: A History, IBM, Armonk, New York,
February 18, 1971. Cf. pp.31-43. "By the end of 1952, Richard L.
Garwin, a former pupil of Professor Enrico Fermi, had come to the
Lab from the University of Chicago where he had been an assistant
professor of nuclear physics."
- ^ a
"Richard L. Garwin receives
the National Medal of Science", IBM Research press release,
October 27, 2003
Foundation, "Richard L. Garwin", The
President's National Medal of Science: Recipient Details.
Earl Lane (January 17, 2006). "Physicist Richard Garwin: A
Life In Labs And The Halls Of Power". American
Association for the Advancement of Science. http://www.aaas.org/news/releases/2006/0117garwin.shtml.
Edward Teller, Memoirs: A Twentieth-Century Journey in Science
and Politics (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Perseus Publishing,
2001), p. 327.
"Board of Sponsors".
The Bulletin Online. Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists. http://www.thebulletin.org/about-us/board-sponsors.html. Retrieved