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Richard H. Kirk
Background information
Also known as Electronic Eye, Sandoz, Trafficante
Genres Electronic
Occupations Composer, producer, musician
Instruments Multi-instrumentalist
Years active 1973–present
Labels Mute Records
Rough Trade
Associated acts Cabaret Voltaire

Richard H. Kirk (middle name "Harold") is an English musician specialising in electronic music since the 1970s.



Richard H. Kirk first came to prominence in the 1970s as a member of the seminal industrial band Cabaret Voltaire. His first release as a solo artist, Disposable Half-Truths, came in 1980 and he maintained a career as a solo artist alongside Cabaret Voltaire until the band's dissolution in 1994. It was during the 1990s that his solo output increased considerably.

Kirk’s works have explored every type of electronic/dance music under so many pseudonyms that it is sometimes difficult to develop a full picture of the vast scope covered. His prolific and catalyst work in electronic music earned him the established reputation as contemporary techno's busiest man.



In addition to solo releases under his own name, Richard H. Kirk has used the following aliases:

  • Al Jabr
  • Anarchia
  • Biochemical Dread
  • Blacworld
  • Chemical Agent
  • Citrus
  • Cold Warrior
  • Countzero
  • Dark Magus
  • Destructive Impact
  • Dr. Xavier
  • Electronic Eye
  • Extended Family
  • Frightgod
  • Future Cop Movies
  • International Organisation
  • King Of Kings
  • Multiple Transmission
  • Nine Miles Dub
  • Nitrogen
  • Orchestra Terrestrial
  • Outland Assassin
  • Papadoctrine
  • Pat Riot
  • Port Au Prince
  • PSI Punky Dread Allstars
  • Reflexiv
  • The Revolutionary Army
  • Robots + Humanoids
  • Sandoz
  • Signals Intelligence
  • The Silent Age
  • Trafficante
  • Ubermenschlich
  • Ubu Rahmen
  • Wicky Wacky
  • Vasco de Mento



As Sandoz

  • Digital Lifeforms (Touch, 1993)
  • Intenseley Radioactive (Touch, 1994)
  • Every Man Got Dreaming (Touch, 1995)
  • Dark Continent (Touch, 1996)
  • God Bless the Conspiracy (Alphaphone Recordings, 1997)
  • In Dub: Chant to Jah (Touch, 1998/ Soul Jazz, 2002)
  • Afrocentris (Intone, 2001)
  • Live in the Earth: Sandoz in Dub Chapter 2 (Soul Jazz, 2006)

Twelve inch singles

  • "Leather Hands" (with Pete Hope)
  • "Surgeons" (with Pete Hope)
  • "Hipnotic"


The following is a list of groups and artists Richard has worked with:

External links



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