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Richard Lugar


Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 3, 1977
Serving with Evan Bayh
Preceded by Vance Hartke

In office
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Charles Percy (1985)
Joe Biden (2003)
Succeeded by Claiborne Pell (1987)
Joe Biden (2007)

In office
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2001
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Preceded by Patrick Leahy (1995)
Tom Harkin (2001)
Succeeded by Tom Harkin (2001)

In office
January 1, 1968 – January 1, 1976
Preceded by John J. Barton
Succeeded by William H. Hudnut III

Born April 4, 1932 (1932-04-04) (age 77)
Indianapolis, Indiana
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Charlene Smeltzer Lugar
Residence Indianapolis, Indiana
Alma mater Denison University, Oxford University
Profession manufacturing executive
Religion United Methodist
Website Senator Richard Lugar
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1957-1960
Richard Lugar with then-Senator Barack Obama in August 2005 near Perm, Russia

Richard Green "Dick" Lugar (born April 4, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Indiana. He is a member of the Republican Party and served as the mayor of Indianapolis from 1968 to 1976 and was elected to the United States Senate in 1976 where he has been the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1985 to 1987 and 2003 to 2007. Much of Lugar's work in the Senate is toward the dismantling of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons around the world.

On January 3, 2009, upon Ted Stevens' losing his reelection bid, and the retirement of Pete Domenici, Lugar became the most senior Republican in the U.S. Senate. By tradition, were the Republican Party to gain control of the Senate, Lugar would be elected the President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

Contents

Early life

Lugar was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, to Bertha Green and Marvin Lugar.[1] He attended the public schools of Indianapolis. During this time he attained the Boy Scouts' highest rank: Eagle Scout.[2] Later, he became a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America.[3] He graduated first in his class at Shortridge High School in 1950 and from Denison University in 1954 where he was a member of Beta Theta Pi.[4] He went on to attend Pembroke College, Oxford, England, as a Rhodes Scholar, and received a graduate degree in 1956. Lugar was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. He served in the United States Navy from 1957 to 1960; one of his assignments was as an intelligence briefer for Admiral Arleigh Burke.

Lugar manages his family's 604-acre (2.4 km²) Marion County corn, soybean and tree farm. Before entering public life, he helped his brother Tom manage the family's food machinery manufacturing business in Indianapolis.[4]

Senator Lugar is member of the United Methodist Church. He married Charlene Smeltzer on September 8, 1956, and the couple has four sons and thirteen grandchildren.[4]

Early political career

Lugar served on the Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners from 1964 to 1967. At the age of 35, he was elected mayor of Indianapolis in 1967 and began serving the first of two mayoral terms in 1968. A political cartoon of the time questioned how an Eagle Scout could survive in the world of politics.[2] He is closely associated with the adoption of Unigov in 1970, which unified the governments of Indianapolis and Marion County. The Unigov plan helped trigger Indianapolis' economic growth and earned Lugar the post of president of the National League of Cities in 1971. In 1972, Lugar was the keynote speaker at the Republican National Convention.[5] During this time he became known as "Richard Nixon's favorite mayor" due to his support for devolving federal powers to local communities.[6]

U.S. Senate career

Lugar unsuccessfully sought election to the U.S. Senate as the Republican nominee in the 1974 U.S. Senate election, losing to incumbent Democrat Birch Bayh. Two years later, he ran again, unseating incumbent Senator Vance Hartke in the 1976 election. He was reelected in 1982, 1988, 1994, in 2000, and again with over 85% of the vote in 2006. During the 1980 Republican National Convention, Lugar was rumored as a potential Vice Presidential nominee for Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan.[7] Lugar served as chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee during the 1984 Senate elections. In 2006, he ran without a Democratic Party challenger and earned over 87% of the vote, and won over three fourths of the votes in every county. In 1994, Lugar became the first Indiana senator to be re-elected to a fourth term. He is currently the fourth most senior senator.

Lugar ran for the Republican nomination for President in 1996, but his campaign failed to gain traction. His announcement of candidacy speech was made on April 19, 1995, in Indianapolis. He finished fifth in the Republican primaries, with 127,111 votes or 0.83%.

Lugar has been influential in gaining Senate ratification of treaties to reduce the world's use, production and stockpiling of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. In 1991, he initiated a partnership with then-Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Sam Nunn – a fellow Eagle Scout – aiming to eliminate latent weapons of mass destruction in the former Soviet Union.[2] To date, the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program has deactivated more than 7,500 nuclear warheads. In 2004, Senators Lugar and Nunn were jointly awarded the Heinz Awards Chairman's Medal for their efforts.[8]

As Chairman of the Agriculture Committee, Lugar built bipartisan support for 1996 federal farm program reforms, ending 1930s-era federal production controls. He worked to initiate a biofuels research program to help increase U.S. dependency on ethanol and combustion fuels, and led initiatives to streamline the U.S. Department of Agriculture, reform the food stamp program, and preserve the federal school lunch program.

Lugar has received numerous awards, including Guardian of Small Business, the Spirit of Enterprise, Watchdog of the Treasury, and 34 honorary doctorate degrees. In October 2008 Lugar and Joe Biden, his partner in the Committee on Foreign Relations, received the Hilal-i-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan) Award from the government of Pakistan for their continued support of the country. In July 2008 Lugar and Biden introduced a plan that would give $1.5 billion in aid per year to support economic development in Pakistan.[9]

Senator Lugar is a member of the board of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI).

During the August recess of 2005, Lugar and freshman Senator Barack Obama visited Russia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine to inspect nuclear facilities there.[10] He was detained for three hours at an airport in the city of Perm, near the Ural Mountains, where they were scheduled to depart for a meeting with the President and the Speaker of the House of Ukraine. He was released after a brief dialogue between U.S. and Russian officials, and the Russians later apologized for this incident. In January 2007, President Bush signed into law the Lugar-Obama Proliferation and Threat Reduction Initiative which was furthering Lugar's work with Senator Nunn in deactivating weapons in the former Soviet Union. The Lugar-Obama program focuses on terrorists and their use of multiple types of weapons.[11]

In April 2006, Time magazine selected Lugar as one of America's 10 Best Senators.[12]

On the day of the final 2008 presidential debate, Lugar gave a speech at the National Defense University praising Obama's foreign policy approach, and warning against the isolationist, reactive policies espoused by Senator McCain.[13] At that debate, Obama also listed Lugar as among the individuals "who have shaped my ideas and who will be surrounding me in the White House."[14] There were rumors that either Obama or McCain would select Lugar to be Secretary of State, but that he would rather keep his Senate seat.[11][15]

In the 2006 election, Lugar was opposed by Steve Osborn, the Libertarian candidate. The Democratic Party did not field a candidate – in part because of Lugar's popularity in Indiana – deciding instead to focus on key state and national races. Lugar won the election with 87% of the vote, the highest percentage of the 2006 senate elections despite a Democratic take-over of Washington.

Although Lugar's party is in the minority in the Senate, he has good relationships with President Obama and Vice President Joe Biden. Lugar was named an honorary co-chairman of their inauguration.[16]

On March 18, 2009, Lugar cast his 12,000th Senate vote, putting him in 13th place for all-time most votes. In 32 years in the Senate, he has a better than 98% attendance record.[17] Senator Lugar has not announced that he will run for reelection in 2012, but an official campaign site exists.[18]

According to journalist Jeff Sharlet, he is a member of the Family also known as the Fellowship, described by prominent evangelical Christians as one of the most politically well-connected fundamentalist organizations in the US.[19]

Senator Richard Lugar meeting with actress Ashley Judd

Committee assignments

Other activities

Lugar is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, an organization involved in international elections.[20]

Political positions

Iraq War

On June 25, 2007, Senator Lugar, who had been "a reliable vote for President Bush on the war," said that "Bush's Iraq strategy [is] not working and... the U.S. should downsize the military's role." [21]

Lugar's blunt assessment has been viewed as significant because it showed the growing impatience and dissatisfaction with President Bush's strategy in Iraq. Lugar's speech had particular resonance given his stature as one of the party's elder statesmen on foreign policy. After Lugar finished his remarks, Senate Majority Whip Richard Durbin (D-IL), a sharp critic of the war, praised Lugar's "thoughtful, sincere and honest" speech, which Durbin said was in "finest tradition of the U.S. Senate." [22] Senator Durbin urged his Senate colleagues to take a copy of Lugar's speech home over the Fourth of July break and study it before returning to work.[22] Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said, in reaction to Lugar's speech: "When this war comes to an end, and it will come to an end, and the history books are written, and they will be written, I believe that Sen. Lugar's words yesterday could be remembered as a turning point in this intractable civil war in Iraq." [23]

Two days later, on June 27, 2007, Lugar said that Congressional measures aimed at curtailing U.S. military involvement in Iraq – including "so-called timetables, benchmarks" – have "no particular legal consequence," are "very partisan," and "will not work." [24]

Abortion

Lugar's 2007 rating from NARAL was 40%.[25] His 2007-2008 rating from the National Right to Life Committee was 85%.[26]

Cuba

Lugar believes that the US sanctions on Cuba have failed and wrote to President Obama that "additional measures are needed...to recast a policy that has not only failed to promote human rights and democracy, but also undermines our broader security and political interests." [27] He supports the Freedom to Travel to Cuba Act (S.428), which would lift the travel restrictions that have prevented U.S. citizens from visiting Cuba since the early 1960s.[28]

Immigration

Senator Lugar has a generally liberal stance – for his party – on immigration, supporting the DREAM Act and the McCain-Kennedy Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act.

Gay Rights

Senator Lugar voted for the Federal Marriage Amendment, limiting the definition of marriage to one man and one woman.[citation needed] However, he also supported expanding hate-crimes legislation to protect homosexuals and transgendered people.[citation needed]

Election history

Indianapolis mayoral election, 1967[29]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar 72,278 53.3%
Democratic John J. Barton (incumbent) 63,284 46.7%
Indianapolis mayoral election, 1971[29]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar 155,164 60.5%
Democratic John Neff 101,367 39.5%
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 3), 1974
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Birch Bayh (incumbent) 889,269 50.7%
Republican Richard Lugar 814,117 46.4%
American Don L Lee 49,592 2.8%
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1976
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar 1,273,833 59.0%
Democratic Vance Hartke (incumbent) 868,522 40.2%
Independent Don L Lee 14,321 0.7%
U.S. Labor David Lee Hoagland 2,511 0.1%
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1982
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 978,301 53.8%
Democratic Floyd Fithian 828,400 45.6%
American Raymond James 10,586 0.6%
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1988
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,430,525 68.1%
Democratic Jack Wickes 668,778 31.9%
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1994
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,039,625 67.4%
Democratic Jim Jontz 470,799 30.5%
Libertarian Barbara Bourland 17,343 1.1%
New Alliance Mary Catherine Barton 15,801 1.0%
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 2000
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,427,944 66.6%
Democratic David L. Johnson 683,273 31.9%
Libertarian Paul Hager 33,992 1.6%
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 2006
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,171,553 87.4%
Libertarian Steve Osborn 168,820 12.6%
Independent Mark Pool (write in) 444 0.0%
Independent John H. Baldwin (write in) 294 0.0%

References

  1. ^ Ancestry of Dick Lugar
  2. ^ a b c Townley, Alvin (2007). Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 123–132, 237. ISBN 0-312-36653-1. http://www.thomasdunnebooks.com/TD_TitleDetail.aspx?ISBN=0312366531. Retrieved 2006-12-29. 
  3. ^ "Distinguished Eagle Scouts". Troop & Pack 179. http://members.cox.net/scouting179/Eagle%20Distinguished.htm. Retrieved 2006-03-02. 
  4. ^ a b c "Biography of Senator Dick Lugar". United States Senate: Richard G. Lugar. http://lugar.senate.gov/bio/index.cfm. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  5. ^ Witherbee, Amy. 2008. "Richard Lugar". Our States: Indiana.
  6. ^ Hallow, Ralph Z. (April 3, 1995). "Lugar takes a walk on the wild side". News World Communications, Inc.. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1571/is_n14_v11/ai_16746190. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  7. ^ How the Bush Dynasty Almost Wasn't - Hoover Digest
  8. ^ The Heinz Awards, Richard Lugar and Sam Nunn profile
  9. ^ Zeeshan, Haider (2008-10-28). "Pakistan gives awards to Biden, Lugar for support". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/politicsNews/idUSTRE49R5I120081028. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  10. ^ Zelany, Jeff (2005-09-23). "A foreign classroom for junior senator". http://obama.senate.gov/news/050923-a_foreign_class/. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  11. ^ a b Schnitzler, Peter (November 1, 2008). "Could Obama call on Lugar?: Presidential hopeful frequently praises foreign policy guru". Indianapolis Business Journal. http://www.ibj.com/html/detail_page_Full.asp?content=22807. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  12. ^ "Richard Lugar: The Wise Man". Time. 2006-04-14. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1183958,00.html. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  13. ^ Graham-Silverman, Adam (2008-10-15). "Obama's 'Diplomacy' Wins a Republican Endorsement". http://news.yahoo.com/s/cq/20081015/pl_cq_politics/politics2975236_4. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  14. ^ Transcript of Final Presidential Debate
  15. ^ "Lugar Addresses Rumors Of Possible Obama Appointment". TheIndyChannel.com. November 12, 2008. http://www.theindychannel.com/politics/17967032/detail.html?rss=ind&psp=news. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  16. ^ "Indiana Senator hits unexpected Milesone". http://www.thestarpress.com/article/20090105/NEWS01/901050321&referrer=FRONTPAGECAROUSEL. Retrieved 2009-01-05. 
  17. ^ "Lugar Boosts Senate Clout With History-Making Vote". TheIndyChannel.com. March 18, 2009. http://www.theindychannel.com/politics/18962096/detail.html. Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
  18. ^ "Lugar 2012". Friends of Dick Lugar. http://www.lugar2012.com/. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  19. ^ Sharlet, Jeff (2008). The Family: The Secret Fundamentalism at the Heart of American Power. HarperCollins. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-06-055979-3. 
  20. ^ "Board". IFES. 2009. http://www.ifes.org/board.html. Retrieved Oct. 16, 2009. 
  21. ^ Flaherty, Anne (2007-06-26). "GOP senator says Iraq plan not working". Associated Press. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/1153AP_Lugar_Iraq.html. Retrieved 2007-06-27. 
  22. ^ a b "Lugar urges Bush to change course soon in Iraq". CNN. 2007-06-26. http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/06/25/iraq.lugar/index.html. Retrieved 2007-06-27. 
  23. ^ The Swamp: Sen. Harry Reid: Lugar Iraq speech a 'turning point'
  24. ^ "Lugar: Plans To End The War Are ‘Very Partisan,’ ‘Will Not Work’", ThinkProgress.com, June 27, 2007
  25. ^ "Indiana". NARAL Pro-Choice America. http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/choice-action-center/in-congress/congressional-record-on-choice/indiana.html. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  26. ^ "Federal NRLC Scorecard - 110th Congress, Combined Sessions". National Right to Life Committee. http://www.capwiz.com/nrlc/scorecard.xc?chamber=S&state=US&session=110&x=12&y=11. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  27. ^ Langan, Michael (April 2, 2009). "Key US senator urges Obama to reach out to Cuba". Yahoo!. http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20090402/pl_afp/uscubadiplomacysanctionslead. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  28. ^ Brice, Arthur. "Bill to allow travel to Cuba has a better shot". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/03/31/cuba.travel/. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  29. ^ a b Bodenhamer, David J.; Barrows, Robert Graham (1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Vanderstel, David Gordon. Indiana University Press. pp. 1356. ISBN 0253312221. http://books.google.com/books?id=bg13QcMSsq8C&pg=PA1356. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 

External links

Campaign sites
Political offices
Preceded by
John J. Barton
Mayor of Indianapolis
1968 – 1976
Succeeded by
William H. Hudnut III
Preceded by
Charles H. Percy
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
1985 – 1987
Succeeded by
Claiborne Pell
Preceded by
Patrick Leahy
Chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee
1995 – 2001
Succeeded by
Tom Harkin
Preceded by
Joe Biden
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
2003 – 2007
Succeeded by
Joe Biden
United States Senate
Preceded by
Vance Hartke
United States Senator (Class 1) from Indiana
1977 – present
Served alongside: Birch Bayh, Dan Quayle, Dan Coats, Evan Bayh
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Packwood
Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
1983 – 1985
Succeeded by
H. John Heinz III
United States order of precedence
Preceded by
Patrick Leahy
United States Senators by seniority
4th
Succeeded by
Orrin Hatch
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Ted Stevens
Most Senior Republican United States Senator
2009-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

Simple English

Richard Lugar

Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 3, 1977
Serving with Evan Bayh
Preceded by Vance Hartke

In office
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Charles Percy (1985)
Joe Biden (2003)
Succeeded by Claiborne Pell (1987)
Joe Biden (2007)

In office
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2001
January 20, 2001 - June 6, 2001
Preceded by Patrick Leahy (1995)
Tom Harkin (2001)
Succeeded by Tom Harkin (2001)

44th Mayor of Indianapolis
In office
January 1, 1968 – January 1, 1976
Preceded by John J. Barton
Succeeded by William H. Hudnut III

Born April 4, 1932 (1932-04-04) (age 78)
Indianapolis, Indiana
Political party Republican
Spouse Charlene Smeltzer Lugar
Residence Indianapolis, Indiana
Alma mater Denison University, Oxford University
Profession manufacturing executive
Religion United Methodist
Website Senator Richard Lugar
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1957-1960

Richard Lugar (born 1932) is a United States Senator from Indiana. He is the most senior Republican in the Senate. He is on the Foreign Relations Committee. Before becoming a Senator, he was mayor of Indianapolis.








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