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Richard Maitland, 4th Earl of Lauderdale (20 June 1653, Haltoun House – 1695, Paris, France), the eldest son of Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale and his spouse Elizabeth Lauder.

Prior to his father succeeding to the Lauderdale title Richard Maitland was styled "of Over-Gogar", one of the Haltoun properties. Thereafter he was known as Lord Maitland until his own succession as 4th Earl.

On 9 October 1678 he was sworn a Privy Councillor and appointed joint General of the Mint with his father. From 3 April 1680 he was Lord Justice Clerk, but in 1684 he was deprived of that office, on account of suspected communications with his father-in-law, Argyll, who had escaped in 1681 to Holland.

Richard, Lord Maitland, was present at the Battle of the Boyne on the side of King, 1 July 1690, after which he retired to Limerick and subsequently went to the exiled Court of James II at St.Germains. The following year he succeeded to the Earldom of Lauderdale, but was outlawed by the Court of Justiciary on 23 July 1694.

The 4th Earl of Lauderdale married, 1 July 1678, Anne (d. 1734) daughter of Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll. They left no issue and the Earldom passed to Richard's brother, John Lauder or Maitland, 5th Earl of Lauderdale.


  • Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford, 1904.
  • The Scots Peerage, by Sir James Balfour Paul, Edinburgh, 1905, under 'Lauderdale'.
  • The Pedigree Register, edited by George Sherwood, volume 3, London, 1914, pp. 144-5.
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Maitland
Earl of Lauderdale
Succeeded by
John Maitland


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