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Richard le Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton
(c. 1327-1403) was an English soldier and courtier, serving Richard
II of England, and
the builder of Bolton Castle.
He was a knight of the shire of Yorkshire in the parliament of
1364, and was summoned to the upper house as a baron by writ in
1371, when he was made Lord High Treasurer and Keeper of the Great Seal.
In 1378 Lord Scrope became Lord Chancellor, a role in which he
attempted to curb the extravagance of Richard II. He was given
license to crenellate at Bolton Castle in 1379. He was
deprived of office in 1382.
Both as a soldier and a statesman Lord Scrope was highly
Scrope engaged in several disputes with regard to his armorial
bearings, the most celebrated of which was with Sir Richard
Grosvenor for the
right to the shield blazoned "Azure, a bend Or," which a court of
chivalry decided in his favor after a controversy extending over
four years (see Scrope v
Chaucer and Owain Glyndŵr gave evidence in Scrope's
He was a son of Henry le Scrope. The Archbishop of
York Richard le Scrope was a first
He married Blanche de la Pole and they had four sons:
Joel Thomas Rosenthal, Patriarchy and Families of Privilege in
Fifteenth-Century England (1991), p.78.
Bolton Castle on
Castles of the Yorkshire Dales
· [ Bolton Castle ] · written by Glyn Harris for Daelnet's The
Heraldry in Castle
Henry Le Scrope - Inherited
Manor of Bolton in 1303